2014 Syrian Arab Republic Humanitarian Assistance Response Plan (SHARP)

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

As the crisis continues humanitarian needs inside Syria are increasing across all sectors while affected populations are now experiencing the worst winter in many years. The result of the on-going crisis is further massive population displacement and growing humanitarian needs. The UN estimates that 6.5 million people are internally displaced and a total of 9.3 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance, 46% of whom are children.

These figures include at least 270,000 of the 540,000 registered Palestine refugees who have also been displaced within Syria. Negative impacts on food security are witnessed in several parts of the country, and this combined with deteriorating underlying factors such as water, sanitation and healthcare services has contributed to a growing risk of malnutrition among women and children. There are critical gaps in essential healthcare delivery particularly in trauma care, primary healthcare and reproductive healthcare services. The decreasing availability of and access to safe water needs to be urgently addressed in conjunction with poor sanitation and hygiene practices which can increase the risk of an outbreak in communicable diseases. Psychosocial distress and mental health concerns, the erosion of livelihoods, asset losses, and deteriorating coping mechanisms urgently need to be addressed. The shortage of adequate and dignified shelter and basic household items remains a major concern, as is hindered access to education, falling enrolment rates and the availability of safe learning spaces.

The SHARP remains complementary to government led humanitarian response and other appeal frameworks such as those issued by the ICRC and IFRC. The humanitarian response under this plan will be implemented in full coordination with the Government of Syria and in accordance with UN General Assembly Resolution 46/182 (“Strengthening of the Coordination of Humanitarian Emergency Assistance of the United Nations”) and the Guiding Principles in its Annex. Humanitarian partners renew their commitment to deliver humanitarian aid with full respect to the sovereignty of the Syrian Arab Republic. This plan also underscores the need to ensure the timely delivery of humanitarian assistance.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:
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