Eswatini

ENVIRONMENTAL AUDIT FRAMEWORK AND COMPREHENSIVE MITIGATION PLAN FOR THE SWAZILAND HEALTH, HIV/AIDS, AND TB PROJECT

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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

The Swaziland Government developed a National Health Sector Strategic Plan 2008-2013 (NHSSP) for addressing the country's health sector challenges. The proposed Swaziland Health, HIV/AIDS and TB Project will contribute towards achieving the overall objectives of the NHSSP. The project-specific objectives are to improve (i) access to and quality of health services in Swaziland with a particular focus on primary health care, maternal health and TB, and (ii) to increase social safety net access for Orphans and Vulnerable Children (OVC) through a cash transfer pilot. The proposed project will be jointly funded by the World Bank, the European Union and the Government of Swaziland.

This document serves as an Environmental Audit Framework and Comprehensive Mitigation Plan (EAFCMP) for the proposed project. The preparation of an EAFCMP is required by the Swaziland Environmental Authority (SEA) for all major rehabilitation of existing building/structures in Swaziland and is equivalent to the World Bank's Environmental and Social Management Framework (ESMF).

An Environmental Audit Framework and Comprehensive Mitigation Plan (EAFCMP) is prepared whenever the location and design of the eventual sub-projects are not known at project appraisal, even though the types of potential subprojects may be fairly well defined This EAFCMP serves as a framework for screening environmental issues for all rehabilitation work to be undertaken under the Swaziland Health, HIV/AIDS and TB project. The EAFCMP establishes a unified process for addressing all environmental and social safeguards issues on sub-projects from preparation, through review and approval, to implementation.