On 29 October 2012, Sudan’s Federal Ministry of Health (FMoH) notified the World Health Organization (WHO) of a yellow fever outbreak in seven localities in Central and South Darfur.
As of today, a total of 98 suspected cases, including 42 deaths, have been reported from the districts of Zalingei, Nertity, Wadisalih, Azoom, Nyala, Mershing, and Kass. 82.6% of the reported cases are from Central Darfur.
67% of the cases are males and 33% are females.
None of the reported cases received vaccination against yellow fever.
In general, 74.4% of the reported cases are in the age group 2-29.9 years.
2% are in the age group 2-4.9, 26.6% are in the age group 5-14.9, 45.9% are in the age 15-29.9 and 16.3% are 45 years and above.
16 samples were collected of which 3 tested positive for yellow fever at the Central Public Health Laboratory in Khartoum. Some of the samples were tested negative for Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) and chikungunya.
Outbreak Investigation and Response has been initiated
The International Coordination Group (ICG) was alerted for vaccines for a possible reactive vaccination campaign awaiting reconfirmation by Institute Pasteur in Senegal.
Technical support teams from FMoH are on the ground in Central and South Darfur for immediate/initial support, namely to conduct:
Training sessions on disease surveillance, case management and infection prevention and control.
- Avail supportive treatment (drugs+ supplies)
- Communication to raise awareness on YF has been initiated
- Alerting health partners
- Prepare vaccination plan