Sudan

Yellow Fever Outbreak in Darfur Situation Report 1 - 31 October 2012

Format
Situation Report
Source
Posted
Originally published

Attachments

Epidemiology

  • On 29 October 2012, Sudan’s Federal Ministry of Health (FMoH) notified the World Health Organization (WHO) of a yellow fever outbreak in seven localities in Central and South Darfur.

  • As of today, a total of 98 suspected cases, including 42 deaths, have been reported from the districts of Zalingei, Nertity, Wadisalih, Azoom, Nyala, Mershing, and Kass. 82.6% of the reported cases are from Central Darfur.

  • 67% of the cases are males and 33% are females.

  • None of the reported cases received vaccination against yellow fever.

  • In general, 74.4% of the reported cases are in the age group 2-29.9 years.

  • 2% are in the age group 2-4.9, 26.6% are in the age group 5-14.9, 45.9% are in the age 15-29.9 and 16.3% are 45 years and above.

  • 16 samples were collected of which 3 tested positive for yellow fever at the Central Public Health Laboratory in Khartoum. Some of the samples were tested negative for Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) and chikungunya.

Action taken

  • Outbreak Investigation and Response has been initiated

  • The International Coordination Group (ICG) was alerted for vaccines for a possible reactive vaccination campaign awaiting reconfirmation by Institute Pasteur in Senegal.

  • Technical support teams from FMoH are on the ground in Central and South Darfur for immediate/initial support, namely to conduct:

  • Training sessions on disease surveillance, case management and infection prevention and control.

  • Avail supportive treatment (drugs+ supplies)
  • Communication to raise awareness on YF has been initiated

Recommendations

  1. Alerting health partners
  2. Prepare vaccination plan