From January to December 2016, WFP Sudan planned to assist 4.6 million affected people, of which 3.9 million reside in Darfur. Thus far, WFP has reached 4 million people or 87 percent of the people in need.
In December, WFP Sudan assisted 1.2 million people with general food assistance, and 63,409 children under five and 21,136 pregnant and nursing women with nutrition assistance.
On 05 January, Sudan and South Sudan signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) extending the agreement on the delivery of international humanitarian assistance to South Sudan through Sudan for another six months.
On 05 January, Sudan and South Sudan signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) extending the agreement on the delivery of international humanitarian assistance to South Sudan through Sudan for another six months. The initial agreement was signed in July 2014, with the aim of opening a humanitarian corridor to deliver food assistance to vulnerable South Sudanese through the Nile River or by road. This cross-border operation has allowed WFP to deliver over 50,000 mt of food to people in need in South Sudan. 2016 Year End Operational Review
By the end of 2016 the provision of unconditional food assistance (GFD) was 39 percent higher than planned. This is due to the higher than expected IDPs as a result of renewed conflict in Jebel Marra, North and Central Darfur as well as the new arrival of refugees from South Sudan.
Nutrition activities in 2016 were heavily affected by lack of availability in nutrition commodities. The emergency Blanket Supplementary Feeding Programme to prevent acute malnutrition (BSFP) did not reach the planned number of people due to limited availability. The amount of feeding days had to be adjusted as the commodities were not available. Targeted supplementary feeding reached half of the targeted people also due to limited availability of the nutrition commodities. Food based prevention of Moderate Acute Malnutrition activities reached only a small percentage of the planned people in need, as the activities were redirected to focus more on the emergencies that occurred throughout the year.
Food assistance for assets activities achieved most of the planned outputs, particularly in Darfur states. According to outcome monitoring results, however, poor food consumption scores showed a negative trend for FFA beneficiaries, increasing from 09 percent in May 2015 to 25 percent in April 2016. This can be attributed to production and climate related issues (El Nino). Beneficiary households however, perceived at the same time that their income had increased due to the assets created and training received through WFP, in part due to the high participation of beneficiaries in income generating activities.
School meals activities in 2016 were successful in promoting community participation through active Parent-Teacher Associations (PTAs). However, other integration areas such as fostering links with local agricultural production, supporting community assets and school gardens could be improved. Outputs for take home entitlements were particularly successful, due to the increase in the number of girls enrolled in the relevant schools after the implementation of the entitlement. Focus group discussions with PTAs, key informants and partners indicated that the entitlement worked as an incentive for families to send their girls to school, and even spread interest towards girls’ education to other communities.
- During the first eleven months of 2016, approximately 88,775 people were newly displaced across Darfur, according to the UN and partners. Up to an additional 97,481 people were also reportedly displaced (in addition to about 59,000 who have reportedly returned) but the UN and partners have been unable to verify these figures due to a lack of access to the relevant locations. The vast majority of the displacement in 2016 has been triggered by the conflict in the Jebel Marra area that ignited in January 2016. As of December 2016, WFP has provided 259,474 newly displaced individuals with 9,666 mt of emergency food assistance, including 31,764 IDPs who received 72 mt of nutrition assistance.