Sudan

WFP Food Security Monitoring System (FSMS) - South Darfur State: Round 10, May 2011

Attachments

Main Findings

• Data collection was carried out in May 2011, coinciding with the lean season.

• Teams reached 20 out of 21 sentinel sites in May 2011 with three locations in Jebel Marra reached for the first time since February 2010.

• In May and February 2011, only 10 and 13 locations were reached respectively. Consequently, comparison of mixed and resident communities during this period is not feasible.

• Food consumption score has improved considerably among the IDP category compared to February with the majority of households having an acceptable food consumption score.

• During the second quarter of 2011, sorghum prices in Nyala market were stable compared to last year’s prices reported in the same period. The term of trade between the price of one medium size goat and a 90‐kg bag of sorghum decreased in this round compared to February.

• The cost of minimum healthy food basket (MHFB) in May 2011 is 1.78 SDG/per capita, which is an increase compared to 1.59 SDG/per capita reported in February 2011. The increase in the food basket is mainly due to the price increase of essential food items such as cow meat, sugar and oil. This price increase has negatively affected the purchasing power of IDPs, residents and mixed communities. Thus, 65, 59 and 46 percent of the respective households cannot afford the cost of one food basket.

• The proportion of households’ income spent on food items has decreased in May, and 57.5 percent of the households are spending less than 65 percent of their total expenditure on food.

• The child dietary diversity among IDPs has slightly improved from February 2011 with 37 percent of the children consuming four or more food groups. Nevertheless, as many as 63 percent of children do not receive adequate nutrients required for growth.

• MUAC measurement among IDP children indicated that the percentage of severely malnourished children has decreased from four in February to zero percent in May.

• The percentage of moderately malnourished children remains stable at six percent.

• The food security situation among IDPs in May shows an improvement compared to February, mainly due to regular food distribution to IDPs and good harvest. Nonetheless, as many as 65 percent are moderately food insecure.

• Some 18 percent of the households that have not received food assistance are classified as severely food insecure compared to five percent of the households receiving food assistance.
Furthermore, 33 percent of the unemployed households are classified as severely food insecure compared to 10 percent of employed households.

• The education level has a significant effect on food security of resident communities. In case of an uneducated household head, 24 percent are food secure, while in households where the head of the household has higher education, 100 percent are food secure.

• In Otash camp, 36 percent of household reported they prefer food vouchers instead of in‐kind food rations.