Village Assessment Report: Initial Village Assessments of Basic Infrastructure and Services in Southern Kordofan and four States in southern Sudan (Northern Bahr El Ghazal, Warrab, Unity and, Western Bahr El Ghazal) March to August 2007


It is estimated that approximately four million people were displaced during the 20 years of fighting between the northern and southern regions of Sudan. Following the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) in January 2005, IDP returns increased considerably in terms of both North-South and South-South movements. IOM has been one of the lead agencies providing assistance for the return of internally displaced persons (IDPs), and has also implemented programmes to assist with reintegration and community stabilization in areas of return.

In particular, IOM has conducted return monitoring in villages of return in order to identify needs for interventions both by IOM through High/Quick Impact Projects and Community Stabilization projects as well as to provide information to the Sudanese authorities and the international community to coordinate reintegration assistance and to address broader protection concerns. The summary and analysis of the survey of basic services in the villages of return forms the substance of this report.