UNICEF Sudan Humanitarian Situation Report, July 2018
• Heavy rainfall in July has resulted in major flooding in West Kordofan and Kassala states, impacting over 7,000 household. The Government of Sudan, civil society, UNICEF and humanitarian partners have quickly scaled up the response to the emerging needs providing critical services including WASH, health, nutrition, and education.
• UNICEF and partners provided emergency Child Protection, Education, Health & Nutrition and WASH support to over 1,000 newly displaced people in Golo and Nertiti (Central and West Jebel Marra, Darfur).
• 5,384 people including 3,178 children, gained access to basic sanitation in Central Darfur, West Kordofan and South Kordofan states, through the construction of 10 communal and 343 emergency household latrines.
• In South Darfur, as part of the ongoing nutrition response to the displaced children from East Jebel Marra – a total of 374 children were screened for malnutrition, 50 children were referred to treatment and 222 mothers received counseling on Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF).
• UNICEF’s Regional Director for the Middle East and North Africa, Geert Cappelaere, visited Sudan on 29 July with main objective to strengthen partnerships, and mobilize support for Sudan. During his visit, the Regional Director travelled to Central Darfur and Blue Nile states and a South Sudanese settlement in Khartoum state.
Situation Overview and Humanitarian Needs:
In July, heavy rainfall and subsequent flooding affected wide areas of Kassala and West Kordofan states, among many other states in Sudan. In Kassala, heavy rains on 23 July led to flooding which affected the districts of Mukram, Kadugli, East Ingaz, Hellat Musa, Wad Sharifi, Al-Ghadesia, Al-Shallal, Deblweet and Rifi Al-Masnaa villages. An inter-agency assessment led by the state Humanitarian Aid Commission (HAC), with participation of the State Ministry of Health (SMoH), Sudan National Council of Civil Defence, Sudanese Red Crescent Society (SRCS), WFP and UNICEF, reported 3,279 households affected in Kassala, Halfa, Atbara River, Rifi Kassala localities, out of which 1,657 houses were destroyed and 1,622 partially damaged, affecting almost 3,909 children under the age of 5, and 2,403 latrines damaged (1,864 totally damaged, 639 partially). As a result of the rainfalls, all general education schools have been closed since 23 July 2018 for an unspecified period. In Al-Nuhood, West Kordofan, heavy rains and floods have reportedly destroyed 1,324 and damaged 871 houses. At least 2,500 latrines were affected, out of which 2,000 were fully destroyed and 500 were partially damaged. Support for latrine construction, temporary shelters, household kits, school rehabilitation and the provision of water, are urgently needed in both Kassala and West Kordofan states.
An estimated 900 people, the majority of whom are children and women, were displaced to Golo in Central Darfur from East Jebel Marra locality, following reported fighting between government forces and non-state armed actors. The new Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) are hosted in the Golo primary school, which is overcrowded and has poor sanitation facilities. Local authorities and IDPs leaders are currently negotiating their relocation to three other areas. UNICEF, government and other partners are accelerating efforts to find alternative accommodation for the IDPs, taking into account that around 1,115 students are enrolled to begin school in October, at the primary school presently occupied by IDPs.
UNICEF’s Regional Director for the Middle East and North Africa, Geert Cappelaere, visited Sudan on 29 July – 2 August to advocate for UNICEF’s mandate, strengthen the partnership and to support Sudan country team through discussions with UN agencies, funds, and programmes (UN AFPs), government, donors, and private sectors. The Regional Director undertook field missions to Zalingei (Central Darfur), Damazine (Blue Nile), and a day trip to a South Sudanese Refugee settlement in Khartoum. In Damazine, the Re-gional Director attended the celebration of the mother’s health activity “Man Ahyaha” which aims to reduce maternal and child mortality.