The acute watery diarrhea (AWD) weekly case load has decreased almost by half during the month. UNICEF reached around 2 million affected people and populations at risk by providing improved purified drinking water through continuous water chlorination of the water sources, water transportation means and at household levels in 11 AWD affected states.
In Jebel Marra area, the second round of the ‘find and treat’ campaign in collaboration with the Ministry of Health and partners, to deliver a package of integrated lifesaving services, was completed. About 34,726 children under five were screened for acute malnutrition. 721 children suffering from severe acute malnutrition (SAM) were identified. All of them were followed up for admission within Outpatient Therapeutic Programmes (OTPs) and other programmes. Also, UNICEF reached 3,184 children under five years with outpatient consultations during the campaign.
UNICEF has supported nutritional screening of 4,589 South Sudanese refugee children in East Darfur and South Kordofan. 265 children were identified as SAM and admitted to OTPs. In collaboration with UNHCR, UNICEF also continuously supported South Sudanese refugee children in Child Protection, Education, Health and WASH.
UNICEF and partners provided safe learning spaces and essential educational items to 22,004 out of school children. Sudan is a county with high rates of out of school children, 3.1 million school aged children not enrolled in the basic education system.
To date, UNICEF Sudan has received US$ 23.53 million in addition to 10.03 million of carry forward from 2016. The 2017 UNICEF HAC appeal has a funding gap of over US$ 62.98 million (only 35 per cent funded). The urgent needs are to contain the cases of Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD), responding to the malnutrition emergency in Jebel Marra area, and supporting the newly arrived South Sudanese refugee children and their caregivers.
Situation in Numbers
2,300,000 children 4,800,000 people # of people who need Humanitarian Assistance (Source: Sudan Humanitarian Needs Overview 2017)
1,400,000 children 2,300,000 people # of internally displaced people (Source: Sudan Humanitarian Needs Overview 2017)
106,987 children 164,595 people # of South Sudanese refugees since January 2017 (Source: ’Sudan: Refugee from South Sudanese as of 15 July 2017’ reported by UNHCR. Around 65% of South Sudanese refugees are children)
UNICEF Appeal 2017 US$ 96.54 million
Situation Overview and Humanitarian Needs
Sudan continues to face three different evolving emergencies requiring immediate response, including the Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) outbreak in 16 affected states (cases are reported from all states except Central and West Darfur); severe malnutrition in the Jebel Marra area, and the continued influx of South Sudanese refugees, of which an estimated 65 per cent are children.
In July, the overall AWD case load per week, especially in the hardest hit White Nile State, has decreased significantly. According to the joint weekly report from Ministry of Health and WHO, a 45% reduction of total AWD cases in all affected states was reported in the end of the month compare to the caseloads recorded in the first week of July. However, the outbreak is still continuing at an emergency level, and 8.7% of cases are children under 5, which is the most vulnerable age group. Since the outbreak started, the integrated support provided by UNICEF has reached at least 2 million AWD affected population and people at risk in all affected states through water, sanitation, health, nutrition, education, protection and community awareness raising interventions.
UNICEF is taking the lead with Federal and State-level Ministries of Health in mobilizing an inter-sectoral responses in some of the newly accessible areas of Jebel Marra in Central Darfur to reach approximately 200,000 displaced or newly returned people, including an estimated 120,000 children with much needed water, sanitation, health, nutrition, protection and food security.
The influx of South Sudanese refugees to Sudan continues to increase. From January to mid-July 2017,4 164,595 South Sudanese refugees have arrived in Sudan, including approximately 101,000 children (65 per cent). Nearly 60 percent of school aged refugee children are out of school5 . Immediate response is required to provide safe learning environments and provide an opportunity to reach their full potential.