UNICEF’s 2017 Humanitarian Action for Children (HAC) appeal for Sudan launched in January amounted to US$ 110.25 million to respond to children’s humanitarian needs across the country. According to the 2016 Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) for Sudan, an estimated 5.8 million people are in dire need of humanitarian assistance, including over 3 million children.
In December 2016, the Government of Sudan’s Humanitarian Aid Commission (HAC) issued amended directives regarding humanitarian work in the country. The new directives outline better acceptance of humanitarian partners by the Government.
Four States continued to experience a widespread outbreak of Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) - Geizira, Khartoum, Gedarif and Red Sea. UNICEF responded through the provision of hygiene promotion material, water chlorination, rehabilitation of water sources, water trucking and provision of supplies such as medicines, soap, chlorine and jerry-canes.
UNICEF and partners continued to support the provision of life-saving improved water supply to 1.6 million people (around 581,551 girls, 556,008 boys, 245,056 women, 243,937 men) in AWD and conflict affected areas.
In December of 2016, UNICEF admitted nearly 14,000 children under 5 with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) for treatment. The total number of children with SAM treated in 2016 was 223,318 (111,659 girls and 111,659 boys), representing 90% of the annual target.
A total of 5,641 conflict affected, displaced and host community children (2,700 girls and 2,941 boys) had access to quality basic education in south Darfur, Central Darfur and Blue Nile states.
SITUATION IN NUMBERS
# of people affected (Source: Sudan HRP 2016)
# of people displaced in Darfur
(Source: Sudan Humanitarian Needs Overview 2016)
# of South Sudanese Refugees since outbreak of conflict on 15 December 2013
(Source: UNHCR Information Sharing Portal, 31 December 2016. Up to 70% of South Sudanese refugees are children)
UNICEF Appeal 2017
US$ 110.25 million
Situation Overview and Humanitarian Needs
As of 31 December 2016, a total of 97,481 individuals were registered and verified as being internally displaced in the Darfur region in 2016, according to OCHA. Some 99,435 (approximately 59,661 children) are yet to be verified. There were 52,124 reported returnees (approximately 31,274 children) in Darfur in 2016. According to WFP, 25,564 (approximately 15,338 children) of these were displaced from the Jabel Marra conflict in early 2016, and whom returned from surrounding States to Golo town. According to an assessment in October 2016, with the Ministry of Education, an estimated 9,000 internally displaced children are still out of school in Golo due shortage of space.
The arrival of South Sudanese refugees in Sudan has continued. UNHCR reports showed that over 297,000 South Sudanese have fled to Sudan since December 2013, with 208,000 of these being children. Over 131,000 individuals (approximately 78,600 children) arrived in 2016 alone;the highest number of refugees to arrive in a single year. Biometric registration of South Sudanese refugees living at Kario refugee site in East Darfur began in early December 2016. This process will facilitate the rapid registration of all new arrivals, support the verification of refugees, and improve the tracking of refugee movements within the country. So far, a total of 2,797 refugees out of an estimated number of 13,500 people currently living at the site have been registered.
On 25 December 2016, the Government of Sudan’s Humanitarian Aid Commission (HAC) issued amended directives regarding humanitarian work in country. The new HAC directives present several changes in the following aspects of humanitarian work: technical agreements, movement of humanitarian aid workers, partnerships with NGOs, field teams and staffing, identification of humanitarian needs, interaction with affected populations and use of armed escorts. Many of the changes outline better acceptance of humanitarian partners by the Government.
According to findings of the recent inter-agency assessment in Kurmuk locality in Blue Nile State, patients with serious conditions are reportedly referred to Assosa in Ethiopia or Damazine in Blue Nile, with both referral locations requiring patients to travel about 80 km to reach them. A significant gap was also observed in WASH facilities, with the population using unsafe water, no chlorination, 50% of existing hand pumps and water yards found non-functional and 80% of the population practicing open defecation. In addition, none of the schools visited had functional latrines and drinking water facilities. The assessment mission also found that there are more than 600 out of school children in Kurmuk locality.
UNICEF participated in an inter-agency assessment mission to Umdukhun in Central Darfur from 19- 25 January 2017.
The mission assessed humanitarian needs in the area, where a significant number of returnees (from Chad and different parts of Sudan) as well as refugees have been reported to arrive. The findings are expected to be shared shortly.
During the month of January, the four States of Geizira, Khartoum, Gedarif and Red Sea have continued to experience widespread acute watery diarrhoea (AWD). UNICEF has continued to respond in these areas through hygiene promotion, water chlorination, rehabilitation of water sources, water trucking and provision of supplies such as medicines, soap, chlorine and jerry-canes etc.