The number of suspected cases of acute watery diarrhea (AWD) in the hardest hit White Nile State is now on a downward trend but the outbreak still continues to affect all 18 states. UNICEF reached more than 3.7 million people in AWD affected and at risk areas with improved purified drinking water through continued chlorination of more than 1,300 water sources in nine affected states.
UNICEF continues to deliver lifesaving integrated interventions in Central and West Jebel Marra localities. The response has been also extended to East Jebel Marra locality in Central Darfur. A total of 956 Severely Malnourished (SAM) Children were admitted for treatment. In addition, 237 children under two years received Measles Vaccines.
Some 60% of South Sudanese refugee children do not have access to basic education.
Completion of constructing 10 schools provide access to safe learning spaces for 4,000 South Sudanese refugee children (1,902 girls and 2,098 boys) and 1,236 host community children (652 boys, 584 girls) in West Kordofan and East Darfur.
To date, UNICEF Sudan has received US$ 27.54 million. The 2017 UNICEF HAC appeal has a funding gap of over US$ 58.97 million (61 per cent gap). The urgent needs are to contain the cases of Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD), responding to the malnutrition emergency in some of the newly accessible localities and communities in the Jebel Marra area, and supporting the newly arrived South Sudanese refugee children and their caregivers.
Situation Overview and Humanitarian Needs
Since the first half of 2017, Sudan continues to face three different evolving emergencies requiring sustained response, including the Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) outbreak in all 18 states; severe malnutrition in some newly accessible localities and communities in the Jebel Marra area, and the continued influx of over 180,000 South Sudanese refugees, of which an estimated 65 per cent are children.
In August, the number of suspected AWD cases in the hardest hit White Nile State significantly reduced as a result of the intensive case management and control over the past months. However, the outbreak remains at an emergency level especially in Darfur. About 8.1% of cases are children under the age of 5, which is the most vulnerable age group. Since the outbreak started, the integrated support provided by UNICEF has reached more than 3.7 million AWD affected population and people at risk through water, sanitation, health, nutrition, education, protection and hygiene promotion and behaviour change interventions.
UNICEF is supporting the leadership of the Federal and State-level Ministries of Health in mobilizing four rounds of an inter-sectoral response ‘find and treat’ campaign in some of the newly accessible areas of Jebel Marra in Central Darfur to reach approximately 200,000 displaced or newly returned people, including an estimated 120,000 children with much needed water, sanitation, health, nutrition, protection and food security interventions.
In addition to the three main emergencies, heavy rains and flash floods have affected about 42,300 people in Khartoum, Gezira, Sennar, North Darfur, South Darfur, Central Darfur, South Kordofan and White Nile states as of mid-August 20174 . UNICEF has prepositioned supplies based on evaluation of expected needs and limited access during the rainy season.