Sudan

Sudan: WFP Weekly Situation Report on Darfur 8 -14 Jun 2005

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Highlights

WFP assists 1.8 million beneficiaries in May, the highest number of people reached since the start of the operation in April 2004

Large groups of new IDPs are reportedly moving into Firdos Camp located south of Ed Daein in South Darfur

HUMANITARIAN AND SECURITY ISSUES

Areas around Kutum in North Darfur remain tense following Janjaweed attacks on villages in Fonu and Ana Bagi that resulted in large numbers of camels and cattle thefts. Increasing insecurity in these locations around Kutum are raising serious concerns among international NGOs operating in the area. While the African Union (AU) is monitoring the situation on the ground, at least one NGO, GOAL, has temporarily suspended activities.

WFP continues to receive reports of attacks on WFP-contracted commercial trucks transporting food along the main access routes out of Nyala in South Darfur. On 7 June, armed men stopped four WFP-contracted trucks on their way from Nyala to Zalingie and robbed the drivers of their personal possessions. On 8 June, the last four trucks of a 15-truck convoy were once again stopped, and the drivers also robbed, in the same area.

While no security incidents were reported in West Darfur during the reporting period, it should be noted that the previous week experienced heavy fighting near Saleah between the local population and the Janjaweed as a result of cattle looting. There were no reported casualties.

ACCESS AND FOOD DELIVERY

In May, WFP distributed a total of 33,258 MT of food to more than 1.8 million beneficiaries in Darfur, representing just under 80 percent of the 2.27 million beneficiaries targeted for the month. The number of beneficiaries reached represents the highest number of people reached in one month since the start of the operation in April 2004.

Dispatches from the three Darfur state capitals to Cooperating Partners (CPs) between 1 and 13 June total 18,971 MT to some 998,470 beneficiaries (estimate is based on dispatch report).

WFP pre-positioned 30,000 MT, sufficient to cover three months, in West Darfur in advance of the rainy season. For South and North Darfur – where the impact of the rains on access is generally less severe than in West Darfur – WFP intends to continue to deliver through the season. WFP is currently augmenting capacity by redeploying assets that were engaged in the pre-positioning exercise in West Darfur.

SURFACE TRANSPORT

Primary Transport:

Additional trucks for WFP’s leased fleet for primary transport continue to arrive in Port Sudan. The additional trucks will increase WFP’s ability to transport more food to logistics hubs in El Obeid, Khartoum and Kosti.

Secondary Transport:

An additional 60 trucks arrived in Port Sudan and are currently en-route to El Obeid from where they will shortly begin transporting food into the three Darfur states in the coming weeks. Between 1 and 13 June, WFP dispatched a total of 24,094 MT by road from logistical hubs in El Obeid, Khartoum and Kosti to the Darfur states in June, representing 52 percent of the monthly target for June.

Tertiary Transport:

During the reporting period, WFP’s fleet of 120 6x6 trucks delivered 2,320 MT to various locations in the three Darfur states (941 MT in South Darfur, 836 MT in West Darfur and 543 MT in North Darfur).

AIR OPERATIONS

WFP expects the second IL 76 to commence air deliveries from Al Khufra in Libya to the Darfurs this week. In the meantime, WFP continues to investigate significant increases in the cost of Jet A-1 fuel in Libya.

Between 1 and 13 June, WFP airlifted and airdropped a total of 2,197 MT of food into Darfur, representing 26 percent of the monthly target for June. This includes 950 MT of food airlifted in from Al Khufra.

KEY ACTIVITIES

Assessments:

New IDPs in Firdos Camp: Large groups of new IDPs are reportedly moving from Buram and Abuajora in South Darfur into Firdos Camp located south of Ed Daein. Following reports that 47 people had died since March, WFP participated in a joint assessment mission of Firdos camp on 11 and 12 June where an additional 1,600 new IDPs were verified in the camp. Immediate humanitarian needs were noted to be food, health services, water, sanitation and education while the estimated number of deaths in the camp was established to be in the range of 10 to 15 deaths since March. Recommendations include food rations for new arrivals as general food distributions continue, the establishment of sanitation facilities and hygiene promotion as well as the rehabilitation of existing water supplies and extension of distribution system too provide safe drinking water to 25,000 people.

Food Needs Assessments: Preliminary results of WFP assessments conducted last week in West Bulbul and Kass in South Darfur indicate food aid requirements in new villages. The final report will be released early next week. The team is currently assessing areas around Ed Daein.

Security Assessment: The WFP Security Assessment team met with UNDSS to confirm priority locations for the next security assessments, particularly near Ed Daein as well as Kubum and Um Labasa, which Food Needs Assessment teams need to access in the near future.

Nutrition:

GOAL Nutrition Survey: GOAL released preliminary results of a recent nutritional survey conducted in Kutum town, Kasab and Fata Barno camps as a follow-up to their previous nutritional survey conducted six months ago. Findings indicate Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) at 17.7 percent and Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) at 0.8 percent. The findings show an overall improvement from six month ago, particularly in the prevalence of moderate malnutrition, which GOAL attributes to regular general food distributions as well as selective feeding activities. GOAL will release the full report in the coming weeks. Meanwhile, ACF in Abu Shouk expects to complete data collection for its nutrition survey by the end of this week.

World Vision has deployed a second assessment team to Mershing and Otash camps in South Darfur following a request by WFP and partners to re-assess the nutrition situation in camps using standard methodologies.

Registration:

As of 5 June, headcounts have been completed in 82% of the total camps/locations, representing 63% of the total previously registered beneficiaries. Remaining locations include Kalma, Kass, Geneina town and Mornie, where registration exercises have faced delays due to resistance from local leadership (sheikhs). WFP and partners have embarked on an information campaign in various camps to quell misunderstandings of the registration process.

WEST DARFUR

WFP and IOM teams were deployed to Masteri and Mornie in West Darfur to conduct site identification and information campaigns in preparation of the scheduled registration exercise in the coming week.

Plans are underway to conduct an official on-the-site handover of areas in Selea locality (Selea town, Aro Sharow and Heigelija) previously served by WFP through its Cooperating Partner Catholic Relief Services to ICRC. WFP, CRS and ICRC representatives from Geneina are scheduled to travel to Selea to meet with community representatives on 15 June 2005.

NORTH DARFUR

WFP and other UN agencies met with HAC to discuss and clarify policies on the return of IDPs to their areas of origin. Agencies reiterated the importance of adhering to the agreement under the Management and Coordination Mechanism (MCM) recognized by the international community. Last week, OCHA expressed strong support to facilitate voluntary returns, advising all parties to ensure that protocols are followed with regard to the appropriateness and safety of returns.

The relocation of new arrivals from Abu Shouk to Elsalam camp (newly established) will start once new arrivals receive their food rations for June. The newly arrived IDPs had previously indicated their preference to move to the new camp only after receiving their June food rations. Arrangements were made to accommodate their request.

A steady supply of commercial trucks continues to transport food commodities to beneficiaries in Malha. No security incidents have been reported on the road to Malha for the past 2 months.

WFP continues to dispatch rubhalls to key locations in North Darfur. Installation of the rubhall in Malha was completed during the reporting week and installations are currently ongoing in Bir Maza. Next priority locations are Mozbat and Saref Umra.

SOUTH DARFUR

WFP dispatched 12 rubhalls in South Darfur, primarily to Um Dockhon, Deleij, Mukhjar, Bendisi, Garsilla, Um Khair, Saga, Gornie and Muhajariya.

WFP intends to airdrop food in Mukjar in the coming week as roads have become inaccessible following the onset of the rainy season.

WFP submitted a request for a security assessment in Jebel Marra that is pending approval from UNDSS.

WFP participated in an Education Coordination meeting with CPs during the reporting week in preparation for the Food for Education (FFE) programme in Darfur. WFP and UNICEF signed a partnership agreement in May and are currently providing guidelines to CPs who are interested in carrying out this activity that is expected to commence at the beginning of the school year in June/July.

RESOURCING AND PIPELINE

The pipeline for EMOP 10039.1 forecasts a shortfall of approximately 36,769 MT of mixed commodities between June and November*. Despite the significantly improved pipeline for Darfur following an internal transfer of US$28 million, donor support is critical to allow the Darfur emergency operation to repay 31,000MT borrowed from other Sudan operations and outstanding IRA loans of US$20.5 million. In addition, WFP needs to reimburse the US$28 million transferred from various budget lines of the emergency operation to ensure continued recruitment of staff and payments to transporters.

As of 10 June, Darfur EMOP 10339.1 faces a shortfall of US$146 million, representing 31% of total requirements (US$467.1 million).


Darfur Food Shortfalls in metric tonnes, May – November 2005Total

Cereals
Pulses
Oil
Salt
CSB
Sugar
Total
Quantities in MT
-
2,991
8,956
1,348
23,475
-
36,769
Pipeline break
-
AUG
JUN
SEP
JUN
-

*Note: The above does not include 65,014 MT of mixed commodities to be procured through an internal finance advance.

The Special Operation for logistics support in Darfur faces a shortfall of US$23 million. The procurement of 50 long-haul trucks is on hold until funds are made available.

WFP-HAS continues to face severe funding shortfalls which have led to the cancellation of non-food item deliveries in June, despite the start of the rainy season when demand for air deliveries increases. WFP is also unable at this stage to activate the fourth helicopter in Darfur. The funding shortfall remains critical at US$15 million out of total requirements of US$24 million in 2005. To ensure continued air services through the rainy season in Sudan, the operation urgently requires an initial US$5 million.