A NOTE ON THE 2011 MID YEAR REVIEW
The United Nations and its Partners have revised the Sudan Humanitarian Work Plan (HWP) to reflect the fact that southern Sudan will become an independent state on July 9 following the referendum held on 9 January this year. Accordingly, the requirements contained in this 2011 Mid Year Review are for the Republic of Sudan only. A separate appeal will be issued for the new Republic of South Sudan. However, there will continue to be a need for close coordination between humanitarian organizations in each country, especially for the Three Protocol Areas, and in the case of any population movements after July 9. Most unearmarked donor funding that has been provided for all of Sudan during the first half of the year is still reflected against the Sudan Humanitarian Work Plan on FTS. This funding, however, can be used for activities in both Sudan and the Republic of South Sudan. Once agencies report on the allocations of these funds, FTS will be updated accordingly.
Responding to humanitarian needs in a historic year
The 2011 Mid Year Review (MYR) of the Sudan Humanitarian Work Plan (HWP) is launched at a time of both promise and concern. With the completion of the referendum on the status of southern Sudan, the formal end of conflict between northern and southern Sudan and settlement of long-standing political issues offer the people of both north and south a new hope of peace and stability. Bolstering the political agreement with tangible benefits of peace will require the combined efforts of the two governments, regional states, the international community, the humanitarian and development communities and the Sudanese people themselves.
Significant challenges lie ahead. Recent conflict in Abyei and Southern Kordofan State, continued fighting and insecurity in parts of Darfur leading to new displacement, and the need to assist the displaced people to return and reintegrate all pose formidable humanitarian challenges. These challenges are often compounded by access constraints, logistical difficulties and a host of natural disasters which together demand a sustained humanitarian effort to ensure the needs of the most vulnerable are met.
In Darfur, the region of the largest sustained humanitarian effort in the past decade and where currently four million people receive some form of humanitarian assistance, the Doha peace negotiations and the Darfur Political Process hold out the possibility of political resolution of this long-standing conflict. It should be noted, however, that some of the key armed movements are yet to engage in this process.
Meanwhile, the humanitarian situation on the ground in the first half of 2011 is a cause for continued concern. Increased fighting between the Government of Sudan and armed movements in areas of North Darfur has led to further displacement in recent months. Access and security constraints hamper the ability of people to move freely and hinder humanitarian aid.
Nevertheless, in some areas of Darfur, returns of displaced people are taking place. This requires additional support from Government and humanitarian and development actoto ensure it is durable. The MYR reiterates the HWP’s emphasis on a shift away from short-term actions to a longer-term focus on durable solutions for the displaced.
The Three Protocol Areas – Abyei, Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile – were the focus of extensive UN-led contingency planning in 2010 and 2011 in the run-up to the Referendum. Over the past weeks, conflict has erupted in Abyei and Southern Kordofan leading to large-scale displacement. The humanitarian community in both the Republic of Sudan and the Republic of South Sudan will need to augment their capacities in response to these crises. The situation in Southern Kordofan is taking place in both the lean and rainy season when local populations are at their most vulnerable. The crisis requires a comprehensive effort to provide urgent humanitarian assistance and protection. The MYR captures many of these needs, though planning assumptions will need to be further revised once there is comprehensive access to affected populations.
Across Sudan, the humanitarian situation is characterized by displacement caused by conflict and insecurity. In Darfur approximately 1.9 million people remain displaced. In addition, approximately 112,000 people fled the Abyei area to southern Sudan. Following the recent Agreement on Temporary Arrangements for the Administration and Security of the Abyei Area, signed on 20 June 2011, many of these people may return and will need assistance to reintegrate. In Southern Kordofan, more than 70,000 people were internally displaced by the fighting that erupted on 5 June. The situation remains volatile, with many civilians at risk, who may need further humanitarian aid in the months ahead. In addition, there are estimated to be some 900,000 southerners who will still be residing in the north, primarily in and around Khartoum, and many of these people may decide to return to southern Sudan in the coming months. There are also some 67,000 refugees, primarily in the eastern states.
The strategic objectives of the 2011 HWP remain:
1 Improved preparedness and strengthened capacities of national and local actors, as well as of international humanitarian actors, to respond effectively and efficiently to existing and foreseen humanitarian needs.
2 Greater access to assistance and availability of basic services with an emphasis on improved protection of, promotion of and respect for human rights for people in vulnerable situations.
3 Creation of conditions conducive to durable solutions, increased self-reliance and peaceful co-existence for IDPs and other crisis-affected populations throughout Sudan.
To respond to the challenges above, the United Nations (UN) and its humanitarian partners have put forward an ambitious plan to meet urgent humanitarian needs, support recovery activities when possible, strengthen contingency planning and extend capacity-building activities. The original 2011 HWP requirement was $1,267,046,281 for activities in the north of the country. The United Nations and its Partners have revised the Sudan HWP to reflect the fact that Southern Sudan will become an independent state on July 9 following the referendum held on 9 January this year. Accordingly, the requirements contained in this 2011 MYR are for the Republic of Sudan only. A separate appeal is issued for the new Republic of South Sudan. However, there will continue to be a need for close coordination between humanitarian organizations in each country, especially for the Three Protocol Areas, and in the case of any population movements after July 9.
The MYR requirements for the Republic of Sudan are $1,113,259,777. As of 30 June 2011, the HWP has received $607 million or 55% of the revised requirements.
- UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
- To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.