Sudan

Sudan Situation Report, 5 Mar 2020 [EN/AR]

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HIGHLIGHTS

  • For the first time Sudan endorses national standard operating procedures on gender-based violence prevention and response in Sudan.

  • Updated Sudan map now available with new geographical boundaries.

  • The Sudan Ministry of Agriculture announces that the national production of sorghum and millet in 2019/20 is less than last year.

  • Desert locust remains a concern for Sudan

  • Sudan Humanitarian Fund completes monitoring mission in Central Darfur’s Jebel Marra area as access to the area continues to improve

For the first time Sudan endorses national standard operating procedures on GBV prevention and response in Sudan

On 17 February the Government of Sudan launched the national standard operating procedures (SoPs) on gender-based violence (GBV) prevention and response. Building on international principles, these SoPs have been developed in Arabic through a collaborative process led by the Ministry of Labour and Social Development (MoLSD)-Combating of Violence Against Women (CVAW) Directorate, engaging UN agencies, as well as government, non-government, and community-based organizations in the process. The national GBV SOPs clearly establish the procedures, roles, and responsibilities of each actor involved in GBV response including mutually agreed referral pathways and mechanisms for obtaining survivor consent. These will be used together with existing national and international guidelines for the prevention of and response to GBV.

The launch was presided by the Minister of Labour and Social Development, Ms. Lena El Sheikh, who stressed that women's rights are a priority for Sudan and that women played a pioneering role in building society. She also noted that that GBV is one of the greatest challenges in society and in endorsing these SoPs a move has been made to achieve justice and women's rights. The Minister stressed that applying these SoPs to address GBV is the responsibility at all legal, health and social levels.

The national production of sorghum and millet in 2019/20 is less than last year – Sudan Ministry of Agriculture

According to the Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources (MoANR) food supply assessment for Sudan (CFSAM), the national total production of sorghum and millet in 2019/20 is estimated at 5.1 million tonnes, 36 per cent below the previous year’s record output and 18 per cent less than the past five-year average. This could have serious effect on the food security in the count where an estimated 5.8 million people (14 per cent of the total population) are experiencing Crisis or worse levels of food insecurity, according to the latest Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) Sudan: Acute Food Insecurity Situation for June - August 2019 report. This figure is the highest on record since the introduction of the IPC analysis in Sudan. Around 1 million people are facing Emergency levels of acute food insecurity (IPC Phase 4) and around 4.8 million people are in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), while nearly 11.8 million are estimated to be in Stress Phase (IPC Phase 2), the report states. Overall, 162 localities from 17 states have been classified out of the 18 Sudan States.

The CFSAM assessment was carried out by MoANR—with assistance from the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and other partners—between 24 November and 14 December 2019 to determine crop production and food supply situation throughout all 18 states in the country.

The decline in production can be attributed to farmers shifting crop production to more remunerative cash crops, such as sesame and groundnuts, compounded by lower yields resulting from unfavourable weather conditions and pest infestation.
Constraints on the availability of, and accessibility to, agricultural inputs were reported as a result of high and increasing inflation, which also led to soaring costs of production. Despite the Government’s efforts to meet the needs of the agricultural sector, fuel shortages and delays in fuel deliveries were reported in several parts of the country. A mid-season assessment, carried out by the MoARN, showed that the amount of fuel supplied in 2019 for land preparation, planting and weeding was 36 per cent of the total requirements, while it was 52 per cent in 2018. Farmers were forced to purchase fuel from the parallel market, paying three to four times the official price. This resulted in an overall increase in production costs.

The incidence of pests, diseases and weeds in the 2019 summer cropping season were significantly higher than in the previous years and affected production. Abnormal weather events weakened crops, while the overall more humid environment—due to the long rainy season—favoured the proliferation of weeds and pests at the final stages of crop growth, during grain development and filling. Rat infestations were reported at significant levels in Kassala, Blue Nile, West Kordofan, South Kordofan, White Nile and Darfur states. The early onset of summer rains in May improved soil moisture and vegetation growth, stimulating rodent reproduction. During the prolonged dry spell of July, enlarged populations caused serious damage to crops during planting. In addition, despite continuous monitoring and control measures put in place by the Sudan’s Plant Protection Division, numerous attacks by birds were reported in important crop production areas.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
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