Sudan: Population & Operational Update: South Sudanese Refugee Response (31 January 2018)
- NFI distribution planned for Khartoum in February.
- Rising food prices driving increased food insecurity for refugees and host communities across Sudan.
- Critical anti-malarial drug shortage in White Nile refugee camp clinics.
- Nearly 5,800 refugees arrive in Sudan – An estimated 5,770 refugees newly arrived in Sudan over January, with the majority arriving in East Darfur (2,285), West Kordofan (1,430) and South Darfur (1,199).
- 2018 South Sudan Regional Refugee Response Plan (RRRP) finalized – The multi-sectoral Sudan Country Plan of the RRRP includes 30 NGO, INGO and UN partners appealing for a total of $327.2 M to support an estimated 677,000 South Sudanese refugees in Sudan in 2018. This includes an anticipated 200,000 new arrivals across White Nile, South Kordofan, West Kordofan, East Darfur, South Darufr and North Darfur. State-level projections for new arrivals are outlined below.
- Access to education a key strategic priority for the refugee response in 2018 – UNICEF and education partners under the RRRP are appealing for USD 26.8 M to support access to quality education for refugee children and vulnerable host community children in 2018. An estimated 60% of refugee basic-school aged children are out of school, with children living in South Darfur and West Kordofan among the hardest hit at over 90% out of school. The majority live in areas where host community children also face education challenges. According to UNICEF, for every 1 South Sudanese refugee child, there are 3 host community children in need of education support, highlighting the importance of integrating refugee students within national school systems to support sustainability and enhanced investment in education for all children.
- Rising food prices could exacerbate refugee and host community food insecurity – According to WFP, the price of sorghum (Sudan’s main staple) has increased by 47% across Sudan from the last week in December 2017 to the end of January 2018. Consequently, only 1% of refugees can afford the local food basket. In some states, WFP was able to deliver just 60% of planned goods in January, due to import restrictions, pipeline breaks and general slowing of goods distribution and service delivery. Given the timing of the situation with the end of the main agricultural season, limited livelihood opportunities could make the situation challenging for refugees, especially those living in out of camp areas, with an increased risk of tensions with host communities.
- Non-food items (NFI) distribution planned for Khartoum 'open area' settlements – UNHCR and the Government of Sudan’s Commission of Refugees (COR) are planning to distribute NFIs, including blankets and plastic sheets, to over 8,400 South Sudanese refugee households (over 50,000 refugees) and 850 host community households (5,100 people) living across 9 ‘open areas’ in Khartoum in February. The NFI distribution is an interim assistance measure to support refugees and host communities during the winter season while inter-agency partners await the Government’s finalization of the findings of the inter-agency needs assessment mission that took place in December 2017.
- Ongoing mosquito net distribution to refugee and host community households across Sudan – Nearly 76,000 refugee and host community families received mosquito nets across West Kordofan, South Darfur and East Darfur. The nets were distributed by UNHCR and UNDP through the Sudanese Red Crescent Society (SRCS), as part of the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria’s support for the scale-up of malaria prevention in Sudan.