A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
Clashes between government forces and armed movements have intensified in recent years and continue to severely impact civilians. Inter-tribal tensions also continue to spill over into clashes, causing displacement of civilians and disruption of basic services. Access to areas of active clashes remains largely denied. 1Continued and sustained clashes in 2013 and 2014 have seen significant new displacements in Sudan and as a result an increase in the humanitarian needs. In Darfur, on-going clashes have led to a further estimated 430,000 displacements. The last two years have witnessed the highest numbers of displacement since 2006.
As the clashes in Darfur heads towards its twelfth year, the humanitarian challenge continues to grow. Humanitarian needs generated by these new displacements come in addition to the needs of some 2.2 million people in Darfur who now live in camps, displaced by the clashes. Only about a third of the total displaced returned to their homes. The vast majority remain in camps or live in other communities. Nearly 20 per cent of Sudan’s population is in need of humanitarian assistance, and a disproportionate number are in Darfur.
Following the civil war, the populations of Sudan’s 5 Darfur states (or Greater Darfur) continue to have urgent and chronic humanitarian needs. Up to 3.7 million civilians in Darfur are in need of humanitarian assistance, which represents 50 percent of the Darfur population. A third of Darfur’s population (or 2.5 million people) is displaced and over 1.2 million are also in a state of critical food insecurity.
The conflict in Darfur has in recent months, become more widespread and unpredictable. Compounded by the rise in general criminality in the region, the humanitarian operating environment has become even more challenging. During the past weeks, inter-tribal clashes in North Darfur and East Darfur states were reported to have taken place resulting in loss of lives and further displacements. Since January 2015, up to 210,000 people have been displaced from their homes by conflict in Darfur.
Basic services such as health and education have been affected. In July, as IDP schools in Darfur prepare to reopen challenges related to shortage of space, poor conditions of existing classrooms, school feeding programmes, lack of latrines etc have been highlighted.
The appeal is currently only 2 percent funded with a single multilateral contribution received from Japanese Red Cross. Partners are requested to consider supporting this appeal.IFRC, on behalf of Sudan Red Crescent Society, would like to extend thanks to all partners for their continued support.