The 2017 Sudan Participatory Assessment, conducted between October and December 2017, involved 6,009 Persons of Concern to UNHCR engaged through some 385 semi-structured interviews, focus group discussions, individual interviews and participatory observation sessions. This assessment exercise was conducted by UNHCR in collaboration with partners, actively supported by the Government of Sudan, to engage refugees, asylum-seekers and refugee returnees – women, men, girls and boys of di fferent age, gender, nationality and ability – to identify their needs and examine ways to address them.
This report presents the specific protection and assistance concerns raised by these groups of displaced persons, and attempts to analyse their underlying causes. It also provides further details of their capacities, and their proposed solutions. The greatest concerns expressed by all groups interviewed, following a qualitative analysis, may be listed as:
Child labour, early marriage and pregnancy, lack of child protection case management procedures and insuffcient support for children-at-risk and their caregivers;
High number of children who have dropped out of school and irregular attendance at schools due to lack of school feeding, lack of parents’ interest, and the need for child labour to help generate income for families;
SGBV, particularly domestic violence and sexual exploitation of women and girls, in nearly all displacement locations;
Lack of self-reliance and livelihood opportunities in all locations adversely impacting the overall protection and well-being of displaced persons of all ages;
Inadequate medical services as a result of shortage of medicines, medical staff, and equipment, inability of displaced persons to access and afford healthcare;
Water shortages across all locations, leading to friction with host communities in some areas as well as exposure to SGBV for women and girls as they travelled long distances to water points; and
Persons with specific needs, particularly unaccompanied and separated children (UASC), persons with disabilities (PWD), the chronically ill and the elderly, were in need of additional non-food items (NFIs) including clothing and blankets, especially in the winter.
The results of the participatory assessment have been shared with all partners in Sudan in order for them and UNHCR to use the data in program design, participation and monitoring. PA is an opportunity for UNHCR and partners to capture the views and perspectives of POCs on the protection and assistance delivery. It also o ers an opportunity to jointly analyze the protection risks they face with a view to jointly identify solutions. As such, the findings of the PA define UNHCR and partners’ protection priorities and response strategies.