Sudan + 2 more

Sudan: Humanitarian Update, April 2022 (No. 04) 1 – 30 April 2022

Attachments

This regular update, covering humanitarian developments from 1 – 30 April, is produced by OCHA Sudan. The next humanitarian update will be issued in June 2022.

HIGHLIGHTS

• In April, over 56,000 people were displaced due to intercommunal conflict in West Darfur, South Darfur and South Kordofan states (IOM).

• In Kassala State, up to 400 people were displaced following a dispute over land ownership in Reifi Kassala locality.

• Over 3,000 Sudanese refugees have returned to Blue Nile State from Ethiopia's Benishangul-Gumuz region.

• Former UNAMID Logistics Base in El Fasher, North Darfur looted.

• Conflict, economic crisis, and poor harvests are affecting people’s access to food and 18 million people may face acute hunger by September (FAO, WFP).

KEY FIGURES

56,253 People displaced due to intercommunal conflict in April 2022 (IOM)

62,117 COVID-19 cases reported in Sudan between January 2020 and 30 April 2022

4,931 COVID-19 related deaths in Sudan between January 2020 and 30 April 2022

$233M HRP funding received as of 30 April 2022

SITUATION OVERVIEW

Thousands displaced due to inter-communal conflict in Darfur, Kordofan and Kassala

In April 2022, over 56,000 people have been displaced due to inter-communal conflict in West Darfur, South Darfur and South Kordofan, according to the International Organization for Migration (IOM).

Armed clashes between Arab nomads and Masalit communities erupted on 22 April in West Darfur’s Kereneik locality, which were triggered by the reported killing of two Arab tribesmen in Kereneik town by unknown people. The Executive Director of Kereneik reported that as of early May, an estimated 98,000 people (19,600 families) have been displaced in 16 gathering sites in Kereneik town, while about 12,500 nomads (2,493 families) have been affected by the conflict. In addition, at least 165 people were killed and 136 people were injured during the clashes. These numbers have yet to be verified. There are also reports of many families in Kereneik hosting IDP families. During the conflict, 16 villages across Kereneik locality were affected, of which six were completely looted and burned, according to the International Organization for Migration Displacement Tracking Matrix (IOM DTM).

The Executive Director of Kereneik locality reported that the majority of those who took refuge in the military camp have returned to their homes leaving behind those whose villages were burned and who now need urgent shelter assistance. The Federal Humanitarian Aid Commission (HAC) sent tents for distribution to the returnees, food, non-food items (NFIs), and provided them with water assistance. Local authorities have asked humanitarian partners to provide more shelter assistance. The priority needs in Kereneik identified during missions carried out on 30 April (NGOs) and 4 May (UN InterAgency) include access to safe water, food, shelter and non-food items (S/NFIs), health services, and medicines. During the mission, partners provided initial health, S/NFIs and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) supplies, and repaired three water pumps damaged during the conflict. The Executive Director of Kereneik commended humanitarian efforts to assist the nomadic community as this will reduce tensions between the communities and improve reconciliation efforts.

The fighting in Kereneik spilled over into Ag Geneina with fighting between the two communities reported in various neighbourhoods. On 24 April, the local authorities in Ag Geneina have imposed a curfew at Ag Geneina market from 6:00 pm to 6:00 am the next day. Partners report that people from Althawra and Buhaira neighbourhoods and IDPs from the Qadima school gathering site have displaced towards the northern part of Ag Geneina town, and people also fled El Jebel Area to gathering sites in Ag Geneina town.

At least 2,900 people (569 families) were displaced from Kabos area in Ar Rashad locality, South Kordofan State following an inter-communal dispute on 9 April between members of the Kawahla and Al-Bedaria tribes against the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) Al-Hilu faction, according to IOM DTM. The IDPs are currently seeking shelter in Albatira village in Abu Jubayhah locality, South Kordofan. IOM field teams report that one person was killed, and many people lost their possessions, cattle and/or livestock. The priority needs of the IDPs are food, emergency shelter, as well as water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services. The IDPs are seeking shelter in gathering sites/open areas (46 per cent); with the host community (41 per cent); and in schools or public buildings (13 per cent).

In Kassala State, inter-communal clashes erupted on 1 April between the Sebderat and Beni Amir tribes in Eid-Siddna village in Reifi Kassala locality, Kassala State, over land ownership leaving one person dead and others injured. Between 200 and 400 people (40 - 80 families) were displaced to Hafara village, while others reportedly crossed the border into Eritrea. Several people were killed, and dozens wounded from all sides, while some houses in affected villages were torched. By 7 April, leaders of the Beni Amer, Habab, and Sibarat tribes agreed to end inter-communal clashes.

In addition, border conflict was reported in Kassala State. Military sources told the media on 6 April that there have been clashes between the Sudanese and Ethiopian forces on the border in the fertile agricultural area of Al Fashaga. The military sources reported tensions, occasional clashes and “intrusions” by Ethiopian militias in Al Fashaga. There have been no reports of civilian displacement or other impacts on civilians following the reports of fighting in the area.

Disclaimer

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
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