Sudan: Humanitarian Snapshot - December 2021 (as of 12 January 2021)


3,337 COVID-19 deaths have been reported, and 46,825 people tested positive with a case fatality rate of 7.1% - the fourth highest globally from March 2020 to December 2021. Of the reported deaths, three quarters were over 60 years of age, with the main symptoms being fever (26%) and shortness of breath (25%). One in five of confirmed cases were from the 20-30 age group. Khartoum state accounts for 62.8% of all confirmed cases. Gezira state and River Nile state account for 9.3% and 5.7%, respectively. Male patients represent 58.6% of cases and 68.5% of COVID-19 associated deaths. 3.6% of people in Sudan are vaccinated.

The regulatory framework in Sudan remains unchanged in 2021 following a significant improvement in access, particularly a reduction in bureaucratic and administrative impediments when the Transitional Civilian Government was established in September 2019. In 2021, the Government facilitated better access to humanitarian assistance. Improvements were made, particularly in reaching vulnerable people living in areas controlled by non-government actors. The response was scaled-up, and inter-agency missions were completed to Kauda (South Kordofan) and Jebel Marrah (Central and South Darfur). However, challenges remain in some areas, including in lengthy customs clearance and NGOs Technical Agreements.

December has seen an increase in the number and severity of security incidents. A total of 60 incidents took place in December, a 22 per cent increase from the same time last year, and it has tripled since December 2019. The majority of the incidents have occurred in Darfur and 69 per cent (363) were recorded between June and December. Criminality and intercommunal conflict account for most recorded incidents. Incidents against humanitarian assets and personnel have impacted aid delivery with some suspension of operations.

The 2021 Humanitarian Response Plan for Sudan is 37 per cent funded. Only the Logistics and Emergency Telecom sector is funded more than 50 per cent, and all other sectors are less than 37 per cent funded as of 31 December. Humanitarian organisations advocate for timely and flexible funding as the humanitarian needs, driven mainly by protracted displacement the economic crisis and increased inter-communal conflict, continue to rise. The severity of the needs of vulnerable people is also increasing.


UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
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