Sudan

Sudan: Humanitarian Bulletin Issue 45 | 2 – 8 November 2015 [EN/AR]

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HIGHLIGHTS

• As of 4 November, 227 suspected cases of severe dengue fever were reported in Darfur.

• As of 1 November, 3,438 measles cases, with 71 deaths, were reported in Sudan.

• In Central Jebel Marra, 4,190 IDPs who returned to their home areas are in need of humanitarian assistance.

• With the late start of the rains and delayed harvest, the lean season will continue into early November, according to FEWS NET.

• In Blue Nile State, the number of food insecure people has increased as a result of increased staple food prices.

227 suspected cases of severe dengue fever cases reported since end August

According to the Ministry of Health (MoH) between 29 August – 4 November, 227 suspected cases of severe dengue fever—including 110 deaths—were reported in all Darfur states, with 27 new cases including six deaths reported between 30 October and 4 November alone. The highest number of reported cases is in West Darfur (135) followed by Central Darfur (46), North Darfur (37), East Darfur (9) and South Darfur (1). The state with the highest fatalities is West Darfur (86) followed by North Darfur (15), Central Darfur (7) and East Darfur (2). Records indicate that many patients who tested positive for severe dengue fever were also infected with malaria.

Dengue fever is endemic in many states of Sudan including Red Sea, Kassala, Gedaref, and South Kordofan. In 2012, sporadic cases of dengue fever and yellow fever coinfection were reported in Darfur, while nothing was reported in 2013. In 2014, a largescale dengue fever outbreak occurred in Red Sea (1,092 cases), North Darfur (132), South Darfur (48), West Darfur (24), South Kordofan (59) and Kassala (57).

Funding shortfall of $1.94 million needed for dengue fever response

In order to fund response activities the Government of Sudan has provided 3.45 million Sudanese Pounds (about US$557,000), for the affected states. The MoH and the World Health Organization (WHO) have prepared a response plan covering all aspects of disease surveillance, laboratory analysis, vector control, case management and community mobilization. All initial response activities have started, however in order to implement a comprehensive response and containment plan, additional financial resources of about US$1.94 million are needed.

Dengue fever prevention, symptoms and transmission

WHO encourages families and communities to do all they can to prevent the spread of dengue fever including killing adult mosquitoes by indoor spraying, searching for and destroying larva breeding sites in and surrounding households, covering water containers to prevent mosquito egg-laying, sleeping under bed nets, wearing protective clothing and using mosquito repellents.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.