Sudan: Humanitarian Bulletin | Issue 24 | 6 – 12 June 2016 [EN/AR]
- Sudan hosts the largest number of South Sudanese refugees who have sought refuge in neighbouring countries since December 2013.
- The number of IDPs from Jebel Marra in North Darfur State has reduced from about 60,000 to 54,000 people over the past week.
- An estimated 2,380 people were displaced to Damazine locality from Kurmuk, Blue Nile during April, according to HAC.
- More than 4.2 million children aged between six months and 15 years old have been vaccinated against measles in six states in May.
FIGURES 2015 HRP
- Displaced people in Sudan (as of Dec 2014) - 3.1 million
- Displaced people in Darfur (as of Dec 2014) - 2.5 million
- GAM burden - 2 million
- South Sudanese refugee arrivals in Sudan - since 15 Dec 2013 (UNHCR) - as of 31 March 2016 231,938
- Refugees of other nationalities (UNHCR) -130,000
FUNDING 152.8 million* US$ received in 2016
Sudan hosts the largest number of South Sudanese refugees
As of the beginning of June 2016, Sudan hosts the largest number of refugees who have fled South Sudan and sought refuge in neighbouring countries after conflict erupted in the country in December 2013. According to the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) data portal on the South Sudan crisis, there are about 232,000 South Sudanese refugees in Sudan, 230,000 in Ethiopia, 202,000 in Uganda, and 57,000 in Kenya.
Since the beginning of 2016, 71,000 South Sudanese have arrived in Sudan, driven by both conflict and related food insecurity in parts of South Sudan. This is equivalent to about 30 per cent of the overall South Sudanese refugee caseload in Sudan and has led to an increase in needs, particularly in areas where arrivals where unanticipated, namely East Darfur, South Darfur and El Meriam, West Kordofan. The Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) is in the process of releasing funds available from its Rapid Response window to address these new humanitarian needs. The overall donor response to date has been low. Inter-agency requirements for the South Sudanese situation response in Sudan amount to US$141.2 million, of which only 13 per cent had been received by 26 May.
Influx into East Darfur
The majority of the new arrivals from South Sudan in 2016 are in East Darfur, which currently hosts 66 per cent of the total arrivals this year. Most of the arrivals in East Darfur are in Khor Omer camp near Ed Daein, capital of East Darfur. As of 12 June, there are 29,713 South Sudanese in the camp, according to the Sudanese Red Crescent Society (SRCS) and the International Organization for Migration (IOM).
Response for the South Sudanese in Khor Omer continues. The provision of food and non-food essential supplies assistance has covered 98 and 85 per cent of the needs respectively. However, other parts of the humanitarian response that depend on the availability of space are severely constrained. The construction of emergency shelters, installation of water points, latrines and the provision of education and other services has been pending the relocation to a new site that was identified last month. However, the landowners said last week that they require the land for agricultural activities and an alternative plot of land suggested for relocation has been deemed unsuitable. Authorities, including the Humanitarian Aid Commission (HAC), are now trying to reach an agreement with the owners of the initially identified land plot.
The World Food Programme’s (WFP) planned dispatch of food assistance for about 6,900 South Sudanese in Abu Jabra, Abu Matarig and El Ferdos has been cleared by the authorities and will be delivered and distributed on 16 June. For more information on the response in East Darfur, please see the most recent issue of the South Sudanese influx into East Darfur Fact Sheet.