Sudan: Humanitarian Bulletin | Issue 23 | 9 – 22 October 2017

Report
from UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Published on 22 Oct 2017

HIGHLIGHTS

• AWD cases in Sudan have come down during the past weeks, however, response must continue until no cases are reported for three consecutive weeks nationwide.

• An estimated 185,000 South Sudanese refugees have arrived in Sudan in 2017.

• WFP distributed food to 66,200 people in need of assistance in Golo town.

• WHO provided medicine to Golo hospital to cover health needs in the Jebel Marra area for three months.

• More model villages will be built in Darfur in 2018 with funding from Saudi Arabia.

FIGURES 2017

# people in need in Sudan (2017 HNO) - 4.8 million
# people in need in Darfur (2017 HNO) 3 million GAM caseload (2017 HNO) 2.2 million
South Sudanese refugees Since 15 Dec 2013 (registered by UNHCR) - as of 15 Oct 2017 454,660 Other refugees and asylum seekers (registered by UNHCR) - as of 30 June 2017 167,784

FUNDING
313 million US$ received in 2017

AWD response driving cases down: ongoing vigilance essential

Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) cases in Sudan have come down during the past weeks following more than a year of intensive efforts by the Federal Ministry of Health (FMoH), the World Health Organization (WHO), the UN Children’s Agency (UNICEF) and other health partners to mitigate the outbreak. However, to stop the spread of AWD completely, the response must continue until no cases are reported for three consecutive weeks nationwide.

Only 78 new cases and two related deaths were reported from 8 to 14 October, down from a peak of nearly 2,000 new cases at the end of June 2017. Eight states reported active case transmissions and the only state reporting two AWD-related deaths was South Kordofan. Meanwhile, the FMoH continued to lead an active scale-up of interventions to ensure a final stop to the spread of AWD.

One key measure—which the FMoH is considering to end the current outbreak—is a renewed Oral Cholera Vaccine (OCV) campaign. The FMoH, in consultation with WHO and other stakeholders, has decided to explore the need and possibility of introducing OCV in the high-risk states in Sudan, namely White Nile, Kassala, West and South Darfur, and South Kordofan. Risk assessments are currently ongoing in these states to determine target areas and groups. Teams are investigating success factors such as accessibility and availability of health services, disease surveillance capacity, water, sanitation and hygiene, capacity to implement mass vaccination campaigns, cold-chain capacity at central and field levels, and monitoring and evaluation. The possible OCV campaign—paired with ongoing and intensified activities in WHO's six other key response areas (health capacity building, AWD case management, provision of key medicine and medical supplies, water quality control, vector control, and hygiene promotion)—are hoped to stop the AWD outbreak in Sudan once and for all.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

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