Sudan Humanitarian Bulletin Issue 17 | 24 September – 7 October 2018 [EN/AR]
• Over 19,000 cases of chikungunya have been reported in Sudan - WHO.
• About 58,000 people from the South Sudanese refugee and host communities in ‘open areas’ in Khartoum State will receive assistance.
• Prices of grains in September 2018 are higher compared to prices in September 2017, FPMA reports.
• FEWS NET projections through January 2019 anticipate an improvement in food security during the harvest period.
• The Government of Sudan agrees to allow humanitarian aid to vulnerable people in SPLM-N controlled areas of South Kordofan and Blue Nile from within Sudan
# people in need in Sudan (2018 HNO)
5.5 million # people in need in Darfur (2018 HNO)
3.1 million GAM caseload (2018 HNO)
2.3 million South Sudanese refugees – total Pre-2013 Post-2013 763,270 352,212 411,058 (UNHCR 30 Sept 2018)
Other refugees and asylum seekers UNHCR (31 Aug 2018) 158,959
346.2 million US$ received in 2018 34.4% funded FTS (7 Oct 2018)
Over 19,000 cases of chikungunya reported across the country
In a recent update from the World Health Organization (WHO), seven states in Sudan, including Kassala, Red Sea, Al Gedaref, River Nile, Northern State, South Darfur, and Khartoum, have reported cases of chikungunya between 31 May and 2 October 2018.
A total of 19,224 cases of chikungunya have been reported, 95 per cent of which are from Kassala State. Approximately 7 per cent of the reported cases are children less than 5 years of age and 60 per cent are females. No hospital admissions or deaths have been officially reported.
On 31 May 2018, the State Ministry of Health (SMoH) of Red Sea State reported four suspected cases of chikungunya fever from Swakin locality. On 8 August, the first suspected case of chikungunya was reported in neighbouring Kassala State, in a male travelling to the state from Red Sea. Since then cases have been reported in the three localities of Kassala, West Kassala and Rural Kassala.
On 10 August, blood samples were collected and were tested at the National Public Health Laboratory (NPHL) in Khartoum. Of the 24 samples collected, 22 tested positive for chikungunya. On 9 September, an additional 100 samples were collected; results showed that 50 per cent tested positive for mixed chikungunya and dengue viruses, and all pools tested positive for chikungunya.
Chikungunya is a viral disease transmitted to humans by infected mosquitoes. It causes fever and severe joint pain. Other symptoms include muscle pain, headache, nausea, fatigue and rash. There is no cure for chikungunya and treatment focuses on relieving symptoms. Most patients recover fully, but in some cases joint pain may persist for several months, or even years. Prevention and control relies heavily on eliminating mosquito breeding sites.