Sudan: Humanitarian Bulletin | Issue 08 | 16 – 29 April 2018 [EN/AR]
• New cases of acute watery diarrhoea (AWD) were reported in Central Darfur State.
• Some 2,280 new IDP families have arrived in North Jebel Marra locality, fleeing conflict.
• Fuel shortages are affecting response logistics and slowing down humanitarian assistance.
• SHF allocates $20 million to 45 projects in Darfur, Kassala, West Kordofan and Abyei • Over 10,000 South Sudanese families living in ‘open areas’ in Khartoum received NFIs.
In this issue
Reports of AWD in Central Darfur only P.1
New IDPs in Rokero need urgent aid P.2
Fuel shortages slow humanitarian aid P.3
SHF second allocation of $20 million P.4
AWD cases reported only in Central Darfur during March
While all the other 17 States in Sudan—where AWD was reported before—continued to report zero cases in the past three months, during March, new cases of acute watery diarrhoea (AWD) were reported in Central Darfur State. This was reported in the latest AWD update issued by Sudan’s Federal Ministry of Health (FMoH) and the World Health Organization (WHO) this week. Between 1 March and 3 April 2018, 151 cases of AWD were reported in Central Darfur, with no AWD-related deaths. The total number of new AWD cases reported from Central Darfur from February to March is 468, with almost all cases reported from 63 inaccessible villages in West Jebel Marra locality.
The incidence of AWD outbreak in Sudan started on 17 August 2016 in Kassala State and by May 2017 had spread to 10 states, expanding by August 2017 to all 18 of Sudan’s states. So far, the disease has claimed 823 deaths (case fatality rate of 2.23 per cent) resulting from 37,000 cases (attack rate – 10,09 per 10,000). It has also affected all demographic groups, with females constituting 59 per cent and children below 5 years of age accounting for 15 per cent of all reported cases.
To eliminate the transmission of AWD, response activities must continue until four-week consecutive zero reporting is in place nationwide, in all localities. WHO and FMoH have proposed an in-depth evaluation of AWD response and risk assessment to refine and re-strategize control efforts in early 2018.
After assessing the situation in all 18 states, 17 localities from nine states have been identified for an Oral Cholera Vaccination (OCV) campaign, targeting refugees and host communities. Vaccination will be carried out during 2018-2019.