Sudan

Sudan - Floods Situation Report No. 4, 17 September 1996

Format
Situation Report
Source
Posted
Originally published
Ref: DHAGVA - 96/0354
SITUATION

KHARTOUM AREA

1. KHARTOUM URBAN AREAS CONTINUE TO EXPERIENCE SERIOUS FLOODING, RESULTING IN SEVERE DAMAGE TO HOUSING AND LARGE AREAS OF STANDING WATER, PARTICULARLY IN SQUATTER AREAS AND CAMPS FOR INTERNALLY DISPLACED PERSONS (IDP) AROUND CITY. ON 2 SEPTEMBER, FLASH FLOODS OCCURRED IN AL GAYLI, 40 KM NORTH OF KHARTOUM.

2. ACCORDING TO GOVT'S HUMANITARIAN AID COMMISSION (HAC), AREAS PARTICULARLY SEVERELY AFFECTED ARE AL GAYLI IN KHARTOUM NORTH, AND UMBADDA, MARZOUB, AND ABU SAIID IN OMDURMAN PROVINCE.

3. ON 2 SEPTEMBER, EMERGENCY SITUATION WAS ANNOUNCED IN CAMPS AND IDP AREAS, BY GOVT'S DEPARTMENT OF DISPLACEMENT (DOD), AND ON 3-4 SEPTEMBER JOINT DOD/NGO TEAMS WERE SENT TO ASSESS SITUATION. UN/NGO'S, JOINTLY WITH GOVT, HAVE ALSO CONDUCTED RAPID AERIAL ASSESSMENT OVER AL GAYLI. DETAILED INFORMATION ON DAMAGE AND NEEDS IS NOW BEING PUT TOGETHER, AND WILL BE COMMUNICATED IN LATER REPORTS.

4. JOINT DOD/NGO ASSESSMENT IN FOUR AFFECTED IDP CAMPS SHOWED SERIOUS DESTRUCTION OF HOMES AND COLLAPSE OF LATRINES. AS STANDING WATER MIXES WITH OPEN SEWAGE, POSSIBLE SPREAD OF DIARRHOEA DISEASES IS FEARED.

5. FOLLOWING PRELIMINARY DATA ON DAMAGE IN FOUR CAMPS HAVE BEEN COMMUNICATED SO FAR:

  • WAD AL BACHIR (40,000 PERSONS) - 637 HOUSES DAMAGED/DESTROYED, 21 LATRINES COLLAPSED, 163 DIARRHOEA CASES (MOSTLY UNDER FIVE-YEAR-OLD CHILDREN), AND 8 DEATHS (ATTRIBUTABLE TO DIARRHOEA).
  • AS SALAAM CAMP/OMDURMAN (125,000 PERSONS) - 3,000 HOUSES DAMAGED/DESTROYED, 32 LATRINES COLLAPSED, AND 20 DEATHS. WORST AFFECTED IS A SITE SET ASIDE FOR NEW ARRIVALS, WHERE IT IS FEARED THAT ACUTE FOOD SHORTAGE IS REDUCING RESISTANCE TO DISEASES OF SOME 2,400 PEOPLE.
  • MAYO CAMPS (60-70,000 PERSONS) - 800 HOUSES DAMAGED/DESTROYED AND 16 DEATHS.
  • JEBEL AULIA (65,000 PERSONS) - 1,200 HOUSES DAMAGED/DESTROYED, 122 LATRINES COLLAPSED, AND 4 DEATHS.
JONGLEI STATE - SOUTHERN SUDAN

6. REPORT OF OLS (UN'S OPERATIONS LIFELINE SUDAN) SOUTHERN SECTOR STRESSES 18,500 PERSONS IN POCHALLA AREA STILL IN NEED OF EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE. THEIR PRECARIOUS NUTRITIONAL/HEALTH STATUS CONTINUES TO BE OF MAJOR CONCERN.

7. OLS HAS REQUESTED LIFTING OF SEPTEMBER FLIGHT BAN ON POCHALLA TO COMPLETE DELIVERY OF RELIEF ITEMS AND CONTINUE MONITORING EMERGENCY INPUTS OF RELIEF ITEMS.

WHITE NILE STATE - CENTRAL SUDAN

8. ACCORDING TO UN RESIDENT COORDINATOR IN KHARTOUM, EMERGENCY NEEDS OF IDENTIFIED FLOODS VICTIMS IN WHITE NILE STATE HAVE MOSTLY BEEN MET BY GOVT AND LOCAL UN/NGO COMMUNITY.

UPPER NILE STATE

9. IN UPPER NILE STATE, CONTINUOUS HEAVY RAINS CAUSED DAMAGE IN MALAKAL TOWN.

10. ACCORDING TO OLS/UNICEF REPORT, FINDINGS SO FAR INDICATE 1,915 FAMILIES AFFECTED IN TOWN'S MOST SEVERELY HIT SOUTHERN ZONE, INCLUDING 503 WITH DESTROYED HOUSES, 325 LEFT DISPLACED, AND 1,087 SUFFERING TOTAL CROP FAILURE. IN NORTHERN ZONE, 1,474 FAMILIES WERE AFFECTED, INCLUDING 352 HAVING LEFT THEIR HOMES TO MOVE IN WITH RELATIVES, 317 WITH SEVERELY DAMAGED HOUSES, AND 805 FACING CROP FAILURE. IN CENTRAL ZONE, 1,724 FAMILIES WERE AFFECTED, INCLUDING 301 DISPLACED, 284 WITH HOUSES SEVERELY DAMAGED, AND 1,139 FACING TOTAL CROP FAILURE.

11. UNICEF IS TO SUPPLY 6.1 MT OF SORGHUM SEEDS FOR 3,031 FAMILIES WHO HAD THEIR CROP RUINED AND 2,208 FAMILIES WHOSE HOUSES WERE DAMAGED.

12. ANOTHER AREA, SOBAT BASIN, IS ALSO REPORTED TO BE AFFECTED BY SIGNIFICANT FLOODING. OLS HAS OFFERED TO CONDUCT AERIAL SURVEY.

ASSISTANCE NEEDS

13. BASED ON RECENT ASSESSMENTS IN FOUR IDP CAMPS NEAR KHARTOUM, FOLLOWING URGENT RELIEF REQUIREMENTS HAVE BEEN IDENTIFIED AS PRIORITY OF FLOODS-AFFECTED POPULATION IN CAMPS. THERE MAY, HOWEVER, BE OTHER URGENT NEEDS IN KHARTOUM AREA, WHICH ARE CURRENTLY UNDER ASSESSMENT.

SHELTER NEEDS:

14. ESTIMATED NEEDS INCLUDE 5,700 PLASTIC SHEETS (1,000 FOR MAYO, 1,200 FOR JEBEL AULIA, 500 IN WAD AL BASHIR, AND 3,000 IN AS SALAAM), 240 FAMILY TENTS, AND SOME 5,000 BLANKETS (TO BE DONATED BY GOAL AND IRC) . THESE ITEMS ARE LOCALLY AVAILABLE, IN COOPERATION WITH UN AGENCIES AND NGO'S.

EMERGENCY DRAINAGE AND SANITATION:

15. ASSISTANCE WOULD INCLUDE COLLECTION OF STANDING WATER BY SEPTIC TANK TRUCKS, DIGGING OF LARGE CHANNELS FOR DRAINAGE, AND FOOD-FOR-WORK PROGRAMS TO DIG DITCHES IN RESIDENTIAL AREAS. THEY CAN BE ARRANGED LOCALLY, IN COOPERATION WITH LOCALLY-BASED NGO'S.

INSECTICIDE:

16. IN LIGHT OF LARGE SURFACE AREAS OF STANDING WATER, INSECTICIDE NEEDS TO BE SPRAYED IN MAYO CAMP, AS WELL AS IN JEBEL AULIA CAMP (ALREADY COMPLETED BY DAWA ISLAMIA).

FOOD:

17. DUE TO WEAKENED COPING MECHANISM IN CAMPS, INSUFFICIENT FOOD STOCK FOR GENERAL DISTRIBUTION IN ALL FOUR CAMPS IS INCREASINGLY A MAJOR CONCERN. FOOD STOCK OF LOCALLY-BASED NGO'S IS TO BE DISTRIBUTED THROUGH ABOVE-MENTIONED FOOD-FOR-WORK PROGRAMS. DISTRIBUTION ARRANGEMENTS ARE NOW BEING WORKED OUT.

HEALTH:

18. TWENTY-FOUR-HOUR, OR EXTENDED-HOUR, CLINICS HAVE BEEN OPENED IN ALL FOUR CAMPS - MAYO (BY DAWA AND MSF FRANCE), AS SALAAM (BY MSF HOLLAND AND DAWA), JEBEL AULIA (BY DAWA), AND WAD AL BACHIR (BY FAR AND MSF FRANCE) - TO COPE WITH DETERIORATING HEALTH SITUATION, INCLUDING POSSIBLE INCREASE OF DIARRHOEA DISEASES.

RESPONSE

19. FOLLOWING CONTRIBUTIONS HAVE BEEN REPORTED TO DHA SO FAR:

UN SYSTEM:
DHA EMERGENCY GRANT OF USD 30,000
WFP 124 MT OF FOOD ITEMS TO POCHALLA FOOD ITEMS TO NORTHERN WHITE NILE STATE
UNICEF RELIEF GOODS (BLANKETS, WATER BLADDERS, MEDICINES, PRIMARY HEALTH CARE KITS, AND ORS) TO POCHALLA
GOVERNMENT:
GOVT OF NORWAY USD 50,000 (THROUGH DHA)
NGO'S:
NIPPON FOUNDATION USD 20,000 (THROUGH DHA)
MSF RELIEF GOODS (BLANKETS, WATER BLADDERS, MEDICINES, PRIMARY HEALTH CARE KITS, AND ORS) TO POCHALLA
WORLD VISION 2,000 RELIEF KITS (BLANKETS, MOSQUITO NETS, COOKING POTS, FISHING HOOKS, AND OTHER BASIC RELIEF ITEMS)
OXFAM
SUDAN AID
MSF/HOLLAND
ADRA
SUDANESE RED CRESCENT
AL DAWA AL-ISLAMIYA
NORWEGIAN CHURCH AID
RELIEF GOODS TO NORTHERN WHITE NILE STATE
- 673 PIECES OF SHELTER/PLASTIC SHEETS
- 619 BLANKETS
- MEDICAL/ESSENTIAL DRUGS
- FOOD (150 CARTONS OF BISCUITS, 90 KG OF SORGHUM, 100 CARTONS OF MILK, 21 MT DURA, ONE-MONTH FOOD RATION PER FAMILY)

20. DHA IS PREPARED TO SERVE AS A CHANNEL FOR CASH CONTRIBUTIONS TO BE USED DURING IMMEDIATE RELIEF PHASE. FUNDS ARE SPENT IN COORDINATION WITH RELEVANT ORGANIZATION OF THE UN SYSTEM. DHA PROVIDES DONOR GOVTS WITH WRITTEN CONFIRMATION OF UTILIZATION OF FUNDS CONTRIBUTED.

21. TRANSFERS OF FUNDS TO DHA SHOULD BE MADE TO DHA ACCOUNT NUMBER CO-590.160.1 AT SWISS BANK CORPORATION, CASE POSTALE 2770, CH-1211 GENEVA 2, WITH FOLLOWING REFERENCE: SUDAN - FLOODS, DHA-GENEVA.

22. FOR COORDINATION PURPOSES, DONORS ARE REQUESTED TO INFORM DHA-GENEVA, AS INDICATED BELOW, OF BILATERAL RELIEF MISSION/PLEDGES/ CONTRIBUTIONS AND THEIR CORRESPONDING VALUE BY ITEM.

TELEPHONE NO. +41-22/917.12.34
IN CASE OF EMERGENCY ONLY: TEL NO. +41-22/917.20.10
DESK OFFICER: MS. K. GOTOH, DIRECT TEL. +41-22/917.12.58
PRESS TO CONTACT: MS. M. MOULIN-ACEVEDO, DIRECT TEL. +41-22/917.28.56
TELEX: 414242 DHA CH
FAX: +41-22/917.00.23
ELECTRONIC MAIL: DHAGVA AT DHA.UNICC.ORG

DPR 310 SUD 96 (1)