A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
Annual flooding during the July - September rainy season in Sudan is a reoccurring challenge for many families in different parts of the country. However, in 2013, the rains and subsequent floods were heavier and more extensive, affecting nearly half a million people countrywide, according to the Humanitarian Aid Commission (HAC) of Sudan. The floods destroyed/damaged over 85,000 houses. The capital Khartoum was reported to have experienced its worst flooding in 25 years. Assessments of various agencies revealed that the most critical needs of the affected people remained in emergency shelter, health and water and sanitation services. Humanitarian agencies in Sudan responded to the disaster through an established system set up by the HAC. Additionally, the United Nations (UN) agencies and international organizations responded to the floods within the scope of the country assistance strategy in a coordinated manner through the Humanitarian Coordination Team established under the UN Humanitarian Coordinator.
The Sudanese Red Crescent Society (SRCS) and its branches were at the forefront of reaching out to the mostvulnerable and addressing the urgent needs of the flood-affected population, delivering essential relief, emergency healthand care, and water and sanitation services in the targeted areas. The National Society mobilized resources in support of its floods response interventions both locally and internationally through various channels. While the SRCS received direct bilateral contributions from a number of governmental and nongovernmental agencies in country, in order to cover critical gaps in service delivery, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) launched an emergency appeal on behalf of the SRCS for mobilization of essential multi-lateral support from partners.