Sudan: Floods - Emergency Plan of Action (EPoA) MDRSD025

A. Situation analysis

Description of the disaster

The start of the rainy season in mid-June 2017 has brought more challenges with flash floods recently affecting over 70,535 people across 8 states of Sudan, causing destruction of houses, latrines, schools and key infrastructure such as roads and bridges. To date, more than 14,000 households have been affected in the states of Khartoum, Northern State, Sennar, Kassala, River Nile, Kassala, Gezira, West Kordofan, White Nile according to the rapid assessment reports of the Sudanese Red Crescent Society branches.

At least 25 people are reported to have been killed and 112 injured across Sudan since the start of heavy rains at the mid of June. Over 8,120 houses are reported to have been destroyed, with over 5,987 houses partially damaged and 2,868 latrines damaged and 30 public institutions, mostly schools, have been affected. (please refer to Table 1 below for more details).

According to Sudan's civil defence authority1 , they have announced on 27th of August,2017 that a significant rise in the water levels of Nile River, urging citizens living in the islands and along the river to take extra precautions. As per the authority’s statement release "the levels of Blue Nile River at Al-Daim station on the border with Ethiopia registered a significant rise of 60 cm, reaching 12.84 meters". The authority warned that the Nile levels might further rise in the coming days, saying that "the Inter Tropical Convergence Zone is still on the far north with expected rain falling.". Sudanese Meteorological Authority have also reported that rains were expected in the Red Sea State, the southern parts of Northern State, Kassala, Gedarif, Khartoum, Gezira and Sinnar States in addition to Darfur, Kordofan and Blue Nile States.

SRCS have conducted a rapid assessment following the flash flood in all affected states with registration of the damages and people in conducting evacuation of high risk community members.
Thus, this DREF request is launched to enable IFRC to support SRCS in its emergency response. The DREF is targeting three states affected by the current flash floods, mainly Northern, Khartoum and River Nile States which were not covered under the ongoing.

Based on the assessments, the interventions focus on emergency needs on Emergency Shelter and NFIs, Health and Care, and Water and Sanitation. The activities will target the most affected people of the flood disaster focusing on 2,000 households (10,000 people) around 78% of the affected population (12,765 people) in the three states.