A. SITUATION ANALYSIS
Description of the disaster
In Mid-June 2017, torrential rains and flash flooding affected more than 70,535 people (approximately 14,000 households) across 8 states in Sudan namely Khartoum, Northern State, Sennar, Kassala, River Nile, Gezira, West Kordofan and White Nile states. According to the rapid assessment conducted by Sudanese Red Crescent Society, over 8,120 houses were destroyed and 5,987 houses partially damaged. A total of 2,868 latrines collapsed putting community at risk of water borne diseases. 30 public institutions mostly schools were also affected.
At least 25 people were killed and 112 injured by the floods across Sudan since the start of the heavy rains.
Following these events, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) approved a DREF allocation of CHF 347,251 in August 28, 2017, for floods affected communities in Khartoum, River Nile and Northern States in Sudan. In these areas, flash floods followed by heavy winds in localities of Halfa, Dalgo and Merawi led to collapsing and destruction of 561 houses, 12 institutions and 2 health centres.
In addition, 83 persons were injured and 11 reported dead in these areas. The DREF operation aimed at providing emergency assistance and humanitarian relief to 2,000 households (10,000 people) affected by the 2017 floods disaster in these Counties. This included provision of NFIs, health and care, hygiene awareness and sanitation campaigns.
Following a national alert for flooding, the national society in coordination with IFRC, activated their contingency plan, and in agreement with other stakeholders, SRCS identified its response strategy. Assessments were conducted by the staff and volunteers in the affected areas, also initial response was activated as follows;
• Over 150 SRCS volunteers were mobilised for response
• SRCS provided emergency shelter support in addition to basic non-food items to 9,495 people/1899 households in the affected states (Sinner, Elgazira, White Nile). These items were sourced from SRCS central stocks that remained from the 2016 floods appeal responses. The table below reflects the items distributed in the affected areas with support of UNCHR and Danish Red Cross (DRC).
• SRCS branches also mobilized volunteers in the affected areas for search and rescue activities as well as offering first aid to vulnerable people. Alongside their response, volunteers conducted assessments and registered damages and affected communities in the area for further response.
• Through support of national headquarters teams, the volunteers conducted hygiene promotion and vector control, health education, environmental sanitation activities and cleaning campaigns.
• The SRCS also coordinated their activities with respective governmental and nongovernmental actors at state and national levels through the established coordination mechanisms, including through the Floods Technical Committee of Humanitarian Aid Commission (HAC), sector clusters, Flood Task Force, and other fora. The National Society also shared information with the in-country partner national societies (PNSs) on a regular basis through its Central Emergency Operation Room.