Sudan: Floods 2018 Emergency Plan of Action (EPoA) - DREF Operation n° MDRSD026

A. Situation analysis

Description of the disaster

The annual rainy season in Sudan usually lasts from June until October or November, affecting approximately 200,000 people each year. The rainy season this year started mid of July 2018, causing flash floods in the states bordering South Sudan and Ethiopia. These states include Kassala, Elgezira, Northern, West Kordofan and Sennar.

The Sudanese Red Crescent Society (SRCS) has conducted a series of assessments in these states since 23rd July 2018 to date. The assessment reports indicate that the flooding has affected over 45,000 people, led to 23 human deaths and 61 injuries. In addition, more than 8,900 families have been rendered homeless and are currently putting up in temporary sites in their neighbours and relative’s houses.

These rains have caused significant damage to key infrastructure such as bridges and roads as well as amenities like schools, latrines and local dispensaries. In addition, livelihoods have been significantly affected as farms were submerged in water and livestock washed away. Power outages occur severally due to collapsing of power lines.

Most of the shops in main towns in the affected states have been closed. The Sudanese Meteorological Authority and the Ministry of Water Resources and Humanitarian Aid Commission (HAC)’s early warming bulletin indicate that heavy rainfall is forecasted to continue over the eastern parts of the country as well as over Butana plains, including River Nile, the Red Sea state as well as Central and Western Darfur states. Additionally, the Blue Nile river and River Nile are expected to rise due to increased precipitation and this may cause river flooding and subsequently displacements and other needs amongst populations living along the riverine.

SRCS, in collaboration with other partners including UNHCR and HAC, have in the initial stages of disasters, supported affected families with relief items. However, the needs are much bigger and require further support in the areas of emergency shelter, non-food items, health education, safe water, psychosocial support services and environmental sanitation.