Sudan

Sudan Drought/Insecurity/Pest Infestation Aug 1986 UNDRO Situation Reports 1-6

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Situation Report
Source
Posted
Originally published


UNDRO 86/2036

SUDAN: DROUGHT/INSECURITY/PEST INFESTATION
SITUATION REPORT NO. 1
22 AUGUST 1986

GENERAL SITUATION

1. PRESENT CONDITIONS DIFFER CONSIDERABLY FROM PREVIOUS YEARS WHEN INTERNATIONAL DONOR INTEREST CONCENTRATED ON RELIEF FOR DROUGHT VICTIMS AND REFUGEES. IN 1985 BEST RAINS IN NINE YEARS HOPEFULLY ENDED DROUGHT PERIOD AND RESULTED IN DECREASE NUMBER SUDANESE AND REFUGEES FACING STARVATION. MOST 1986 FOOD REQUIREMENTS ALREADY MET THANKS TO LOCAL SURPLUS GRAIN PRODUCTION. DONORS RESPONDED POSITIVELY TO DEC 85 UN APPEAL FOR FUNDS FOR LOCAL PURCHASE CEREAL/SEEDS, FOR TRANSPORT/DISTRIBUTION, AND FOR EMERGENCY HEALTH MEASURES. HOWEVER, GENERAL SITUATION REMAINS CRITICAL BECAUSE OF INTENSIFIED CIVIL STRIFE IN SOUTH AND LOCUST THREAT.

DROUGHT

2. ESTIMATED POPULATION IN NORTH STILL AFFECTED BY DROUGHT REVISED TO ABOUT 3 MILLION FOR REST OF 1986. MORE THAN 97 PERCENT RELIEF FOOD AID FOR NORTH ALREADY ALLOCATED. RELIEF FOOD DISTRIBUTION CONTINUING AS PLANNED. SEED DISTRIBUTION BY SCF (UK), CAR AND WFP NOW COMPLETED. RAINY SEASON BEGINNING, AND NORTHERN SUDAN SEEMS TO BE RECEIVING GOOD RAINFALL. SPECIAL ATTENTION NOW BEIN G GIVEN TO MOST VULNERABLE AMONG YOUNG, OLD, SICK AND DISPLACED PEOPLE IN SHANTY TOWNS.

REFUGEES

3. ACCORDING TO NATIONAL COMMISSIONER FOR REFUGEES (COR) AND UNHCR, TOTAL REFUGEES ASSISTED BY UNHCR DECREASED FROM 635,000 IN JANUARY TO 494,500 AT END JUNE MAINLY BECAUSE OF TIGRAYAN RETURNEES TO ETHIOPIA. SITUATION IN EAST EXPECTED TO REMAIN STABLE. IN SOUTH ALL 17 UGANDAN REFUGEE SETTLEMENTS ON EAST BANK NILE IN EQUATORIAL REGION ABANDONED IN MAY BECAUSE OF LOOTING AND ARMED ATTACKS. APPROX 60,000 UGANDAN RETURNEES LEFT SUDAN
BUT NEW INFLUX ENTERED COUNTRY DURING 2ND QTR. IN WEST 6,500 CHADIAN REFUGEES RECENTLY TRANSFERRED TO AGRICULTURAL SETTLEMENT SOUTH OF EL GENEINA. UNHCR ENCOURAGING CHADIAN REFUGEES TO REPATRIATE VOLUNTARILY. JULY FIGURES AS FOLLOWS:


ORIGIN
REFUGEES ASSISTED BY UNHCR
COR TOTALS
ETHIOPIA
336,500
772,000
UGANDA
98,000
210,000
CHAD
60,000
126,000
ZAIRE
-
5,000

CIVIL STRIFE

4. IN SOUTH ESTIMATED 2 MILLION PEOPLE AFFECTED BY CIVIL STRIFE AND LACK OF FOOD. TENS OF THOUSANDS DISPLACED AND DESTITUTE VILLAGERS SEEKING SHELTER FROM CIVIL WAR IN JUBA, WAU AND OTHER TOWNS. SUDANESE RELIEF AND REHABILITATION COMMISSION (RRC), UN AGENCIES, MANY DONOR GOVTS AND NGO'S INVOLVED IN SOUTHERN SUDAN EMERGENCY OPERATION, FOR WHICH UNEOS/WFP HAS BEEN GIVEN ROLE OF INFORMATION BASE AND SECRETARIAT FOR TECHNICAL COORDINATION COMMITTEE (TCC). EMERGENCY FOOD SUPPLIES HAVE BEEN TRANSPORTED BY TRUCK OR FLOWN IN FROM NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES. FROM MAY TO JULY APPROX 5,000 MT FOOD REACHED VARIOUS PARTS OF THREE SOUTHERN REGIONS. WFP AND UNICEF PAYING PARTICULAR ATTENTION TO SOUTH. THIS INCLUDE SPECIAL WFP AIRBRIDGE OPERATION OF 332 MT OF MAIZE FLOWN TO JUBA FROM ENTEBBE AND WFP TRUCKS WHICH TRANSPORTED 900 MT OF FOOD FROM KENYA TO JUBA/YEI. AS PART OF AN AIRBRIDGE FROM KHARTOUM UNICEF FLEW IN SUPPLEMENTARY FOOD, MEDICAL SUPPLIES AND OTHER COMMODITIES AND OPENED 20 FEEDING CENTRES IN JUBA.

5. OPERATIONS OF UN, EEC AND MANY NGO'S HAVE BEEN INTERRUPTED BECAUSE OF ATTACKS ON CONVOYS RELIEF TRUCKS AND PLANES. ICRC TEMPORARILY SUSPENDED AIRLIFTS OF FOOD FROM UGANDA TO WAU LAST WEEK AFTER SUDAN PEOPLE'S LIBERATION ARMY'S (SPLA) WARNING. DUE SHOOTING DOWN CIVILIAN AIRCRAFT 16 AUG, ENTIRE AIRSPACE SOUTHERN SUDAN CLOSED TO TRAFFIC INCLUDING RELIEF OPERATIONS.

LOCUST AND GRASSHOPPER INFESTATION

6. ON 14 AUGUST, UN SECRETARY-GENERAL EXPRESSED DEEP CONCERN ABOUT LOCUST THREAT TO AFRICAN FOOD PRODUCTION. FURTHER TO INTERNATIONAL APPEAL, FAO HAS ESTABLISHED EMERGENCY CENTRE FOR LOCUST OPERATIONS (ECLO) TO LEAD CAMPAIGN TO TREAT 1 MILLION HECTARES IN SAHEL REGION ALONE. AS ANTICIPATED IN 22 APRIL 86 SPECIAL EMERGENCY APPEAL LAUNCHED BY UNDRO FOR OEOA, ONSET OF RAINS HAS INCREASED THREAT OF PESTS ALSO IN SUDAN. IN JUNE GRASSHOPPERS AND LOCUSTS REPORTED IN COASTAL, KENANA AND SINKAT AREAS OF RED SEA PROVINCE. THREE SWARMS NEAR SINKAT TOTALLED APPROX 1 MILLION. DAMAGE REPORTED ALSO FROM CENTRAL REGION OF WHITE NILE PROVINCE AND DARFUR, KORDOFAN AND NORTHERN REGIONS. GOVT HAS DECLARED STATE OF EMERGENCY TO COMBAT LOCUSTS THREATENING FOOD-PRODUCING REGION. AT ITS FIRST MEETING 5 AUG, STEERING COMMITTEE, COMPOSED OF REPRESENTATIVES FROM MINISTRY AGRICULTURE, MINISTRY FINANCE AND ECONOMIC PLANNING, MINISTRY DEFENCE, RRC, FAO, EEC, NETHERLANDS (CHAIRMAN), AND USAID, CONCLUDED THAT THERE WERE SUFFICIENT RESOURCES FOR 1986 CAMPAIGN.

MANAGEMENT

7. INCREASED ATTENTION NOW BEING GIVEN TO REHABILITATION. GOVERNMENTAL AND NON-GOVERNMENTAL AGENCIES ACTIVELY INVOLVED IN ASSESSING DEPLOYMENT RESOURCES ACCUMULATED DURING FOOD EMERGENCY. (GOVT, THROUGH RRC, EAGER TO ENSURE MOST BENEFICIAL MANAGEMENT THESE ASSETS.) NEW RRC COMMISSIONER MR MOHAMED KAMIL SHAWKI FORMULATING FUTURE POLICY AND STRATEGY. NGO'S ALREADY EXPRESSING CONCERN OVER DELAY IN DRAWING UP NEW STANDARD AGREEMENT TO REGISTER THEM.

8. STRUCTURE OF UNEOS UNCHANGED DURING 2ND QTR. HOWEVER, PREPARATIONS BEING MADE TO WIND DOWN EMERGENCY OPERATIONS. WFP PROJECTS OFFICE WILL ASSSUME RESPONSIBILITY FOR REDUCED FUNCTIONS OF VARIOUS UNEOS UNITS AFTER 1986. UNDP OFFICE WILL RESUME RESPONSIBILITY FOR ASPECTS NOT FALLING WITHIN WFP MANDATE.

9. SEVERAL CHANGES IN UNEOS KEY STAFF. MR PER BERGAN, DEPUTY TO SPECIAL rEPRESENTATIVE OF UN SECRETARY-GENERAL, AND ALLEN JONES, WFP DIRECTOR AND ALSO DEPUTY TO SRSG, LEFT SUDAN AFTER EXPIRY THEIR MISSION. MR JONES REPLACED BY MR STAFFAN DE MISTURA, WHO JOINS WFP FROM UNICEF.

10. CO-ORDINATION MEETINGS OF ALL AID-RELATED ORGANIZATIONS CONTINUE, ATTENDED BY RRC, UN AGENCIES, NGO'S AND DONORS.

REQUIREMENTS

11. FOOD AID

ALL NEEDS COVERED. ACCORDING WFP REPORT 5 AUG, REVISED CEREAL SITUATION AS FOLLOWS:


FAO ESTIMATED NEEDS:
300,000 MT
PLEDGES:
537,900 MT
DELIVERED IN COUNTRY:
375,600 MT

12. HEALTH

REHABILITATION OF 7 HEALTH DISTRICTS IN NORTH STILL REQUIRES APPROX US DLRS 5 MILLION.

13. LOGISTICS

ADDITIONAL FUNDING REQUIRED FOR FOOD RELIEF OPERATIONS IN SOUTH (NOT YET SPECIFIED).

14. AGRICULTURE

APART FROM OBTAINING FUNDS FOR LOCUST CONTROLTHERE ARE NO FURTHER CURRENT RELIEF NEEDS.

MAJOR CONTRIBUTIONS IN 1986

15. UN SYSTEM
US DLRS
FAO
FOR EMERGENCY/LOCUST CONTROL
231,000
UNDP
FOR SEEDS/REHABILITATION OF GARDENS
420,000
UNDP
FOR METEOROLOGY/EARLY WARINING
192,600
UNDRO
SOFTWARE FOR UNEOS/RRC PROCESSING UNIT
2,142
WFP
20,000 MT SORGHUM PLUS TRANSPORT
5,850,000
WFP
16,000 MT SORGHUM
4,025,430
WFP
3,000 MT MAIZE
FOR INTERNAL TRANSPORT AND STORAGE
900,000
210,000
WFP
FOR UNHCR
7,200,000
WFP
FOR 1400 MT OF CEREALS AND TRANSPORT
1,169,000
16. GOVERNMENTS
AUSTRALIA
9,000 MT WHEATFLOUR FOR UNEOS/WFP
AUSTRIA
7,200 MT SORGHUM
BAHRAIN
THROUGH UNDRO
100,000
CANADA
FOR UNHCR
FOR UNHCR
TO UNICEF OR HEALTH/WATER PROJECTS
TO UNICEF FOR SPARE PARTS
1,211,680
719,416
2,000,000
197,841
DENMARK
FOR RRC EARLY WARNING SYSTEM
FOR LRCS
FOR UNHCR
244,000
233,918
1,400,000
FRG
PURCHASE OF 1,000 MT OF SORGHUM AND 500 MT OF BEANS PLUS TRANSPORT
FOR UNHCR
FOR ICRC
FOR UNHCR
FOR 1,600 MR OF VEGETABLE OIL THROUGH UNHCR
FOR UNHCR
FOR SPARE PARTS FOR LRCS
FOR UNHCR

890,000
300,529
171,674
138,000
1,904,000
130,435
21,475
400,000
FRANCE
FOR RELIEF OPERATIONS
2,250,000
ITALY
FOR UNHCR
FOR SEEDS
8,000 MT SORGHUM PLUS TRANSPORT
3,800,000
4,000,000
JAPAN
FOR RELIEF OPERATION (38 MILLION YEN)
FOR UNHCR
FOR FAO (LOCUST CONTROL)
FOR UNICEF
FOR UNHCR 6,600 MT RICE

1,200,000
102,000
59,523
NETHERLANDS
FOR AGRICULTURAL BANK
FOR IMMUNISATIN CAMPAIGN THROUGH UNICEF
FOR UNHCR
FOR UNHCR
FOR FAO (LOCUST CONTROL)
200,000
286,263
242,764
558,659
1,025,106
NORWAY
FOR UNHCR
FOR ICRC
FOR UNHCR
607,143
264,900
257,069
SWEDEN
FOR RRC EARLY WARNING (2,000,000 SWEDISH CROWNS) FOR RRC INSTITUTION BUILDING(2 MILLION SWEDISH CRWNS) FOR UNHCR
857,143
FOR FAO (LOCUST CONTROL)
500,000
FOR OEOA
125,698
SWITZERLAND
FOR UNHCR
552,486
FOR UNHCR
398,000
THROUGH WFP FOR PURCHASE AND TRANSPORT OF 2,000 MT OF SORGHUM
700,000
THROUGH SWISS RED CROSS FOR HEALTH ASSISTANCE
686.813
FOR ICRC
552,486
UNITED KINGDOM
FOR RELIEF OPERATIONS (5,200,000 ST.) AIRLIFG OF FOOD THROUGH ICRC

374,813
USA
50,000 MT SORGHUM FOR TECHNICAL AGRICULTURAL
1,200,000
FOR UNHCR
3,000,000
FOR UNICEF HEALTH/WATER FUNDING FOR MINISTRY OF HEALTH
2,000,000
17. INTERGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS
EEC
20,000 MT SORGHUM PLUS TRANSPORT THROUGH EEC DELEGATION
FOR SEEDS
RAIL SERVICE IMPROVEMENTS
FOR UNHCR
6,000 MT SORGHUM
5,000 MT CEREALS THROUGH OXFAM/UK
FOR FAO (LOCUST CONTROL)
FOR BISCUITS THROUGH OXFAM
FOR FOOD AND TRANSPORT THROUGH NGOS
FOR MEDICAL/NUTRITIONAL TEAMS

4,382,120
2,000,000
34,000,000
2,700,000
(++)
1,442,022
1,002,004
105,170
2,760,736
1,621,385
ARAB BANK FOR ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
FOR TRANSPORT
3,000,000
INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS
CARITAS
INTERNATIONALIS
CASH
CASH
152,500
74,663
OXFAM
CASH FOR FOOD, SEEDS
CASH FOR FOOD, SEEDS,COOKING UTENSILS, DRUGS ETC
2,076,479
1,057,410
WORLD COUNCIL OF
CHURCHES
PURCHASE OF FOOD, TRUCKS, OPERATIONAL COSTS
1,737,478
WORLD VISION
SUPPLEMENTION FEEDING FOR CHILDREN
51,600
18. NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS
DANISH RED CROSS
FOR UNHCR
184.971
SPORTSAID
FOR UNICEF
400,000
STICHING VLUCHTELINGEN HULP (DUTCH NGO)
FOR UNHCR
413,000
USAID
FOR FAO (LOCUST CONTROL)
1,000,000
(++) VALUE NOT REPORTED TO UNDRO

19. DONORS ARE REQUESTED TO INFORM UNDRO DIRECTLY, PREFERABLY BY TELEX (28148 UNDR CH), OF THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS AND CORRESPONDING VALUE.

= ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148 +


(DPR 310 SUD '86 (1))


UNDRO 86/2335

SUDAN: DROUGHT/INSECURITY/PEST INFESTATION
SITUATION REPORT NO. 2
10 SEPTEMBER 1986

1. ON 8 SEPTEMBER UNDRO ARRANGED SPECIAL BRIEFING MEETING, IN WHICH MR. W. PRATTLEY, SPECIAL REPRESENTATIVE OF THE SECRETARY GENERAL AND HEAD OF UNITED NATIONS EMERGENCY OPERATIONS IN SUDAN (UNEOS) PRESENTED COMPREHENSIVE UPDATE OF SITUATION TO ABOUT 70 REPRESENTATIVES OF MEMBER STATES, UN AGENCIES, INTERGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS.

GENERAL SITUATION

2. WHILE FOOD DISTRIBUTION IN DROUGHT AFFECTED PARTS OF SUDAN SATISFACTORY, PEST INFESTATION UNDER CONTROL AND NUMBER OF REFUGEES STABLE, GRAVE CONCERN IN AUGUST OVER NEAR FAMINE SITUATION IN SOUTH DUE TO CIVIL STRIFE. RELIEF STOCKS IN BAHR EL GHAZAL AND UPPER NILE REGIONS EXHAUSTED. ALL ROUTES AND AIRSPACE STILL CLOSED BECAUSE OF SECURITY SITUATION. EXACT INFO NOT AVAILABLE BUT ESTIMATED AT LEAST 2 MILLION PEOPLE (ONE THIRD OF POPULATION IN SOUTH) WILL FACE STARVATION SOON.

DROUGHT

3. MONITORING CONTINUES IN ALL OTHER REGIONS OF COUNTRY TO ASSESS EFFECTS OF ASSISTANCE SO FAR, GIVE NOTICE ANY DETERIORATION IN IN NUTRITION LEVELS AND IDENTIFY ANY REMAINING POCKETS OF MALNUTRITION

DARFUR

4. RODENTS AND INSUFFICIENT RAINS CAUSING PROBLEMS IN NORTH DARFUR. SCF (UK) ESTIMATED APPROX. 200,000 TO 300,000 PEOPLE MAY BE AFFECTED BY DROUGHT THIS SEASON. WITH 50,000 SEVERELY AFFECTED.

5. AS AT 1ST AUGUST, 89,000 MT OF FOOD ALLOCATED, 87,250 MT DELIVERED, 51,000 MT DISTRIBUTED. 1986 FOOD NEEDS 67,000 MT. EXCESS WILL COVER PART OF 1987 REQUIREMENTS WHICH ESTIMATED AT
45,000 MT.

KORDOFAN

6. EMERGENCY RELATED ACTIVITIES BEING REDUCED. OVER HALF OFCARE'S FEEDING CENTRES CLOSED, REMAINING SCHEDULED TO CLOSE IN OCTOBER.

7. AS AT 1ST AUGUST, 148,558 MT OF FOOD ALLOCATED, 138,558 DELIVERED, 135,000 MT DISTRIBUTED. 1986 FOOD NEEDS ESTIMATED 149,000 MT.

CENTRAL

8. RECENT NUTRITION SURVEY CARRIED OUT BY ADRA IN WHITE NILE PROVINCE INDICATED NO FURTHER NEED FOR GENERAL FOOD DISTRIBUTION. HOWEVER, ISOLATED POCKETS OF MALNUTRITION REQUIRING SPECIAL ATTENTION.

9. AS AT 1ST AUGUST, 26,583 MT OF FOOD ALLOCATED, 22,919 MT DELIVERED, 17,000 MT DISTRIBUTED. 1986 NEEDS 30,000 MT.

RED SEA

10. NUTRITIONAL STATUS STILL UNDER SURVEY AND DISCUSSION. AS AT 1ST AUGUST, 38,222 MT OF FOOD ALLOCATED, 26,461 MT DELIVERED, 26,000 MT DISTRIBUTED. 1986 FOOD NEEDS 45,100 MT.

NORTHERN

11. AS AT 1ST AUGUST, 3,606 MT OF FOOD ALLOCATED, 2,432 MT DELIVERED, 2,400 MT DISTRIBUTED. 1986 FOOD NEEDS ESTIMATED 5,445 MT.

KHARTOUM PROVINCE

12. NUTRITION SURVEY INDICATES NO FURTHER NEED FOR GENERAL FOOD DISTRIBUTION BUT ISOLATED POCKETS OF MALNUTRITION. SUBSTANTIAL NUMBER OF DISPLACED PERSONS LOCATED AROUND KHARTOUM CAUSING CONCERN. RRC, WFP, UNICEF AND NUMBER OF NGOS STUDYING PROGRAMME THAT WILL HELP NEW ARRIVALS BUT ALSO ENCOURAGE SELF-SUFFICIENCY.

13. AS AT 1ST AUGUST, 2,055 MT ALLOCATED, 2,055 MT DELIVERED, 1,400 MT DISTRIBUTED. 1986 FOOD NEEDS 3,000 MT.

REFUGEES

14. NUMBER OF REFUGEES ASSISTED BY UNHCR IN AUGUST REMAINED UNCHANGED, I.E. 336,000 FROM ETHIOPIA, 98,000 FROM UGANDA AND 60,000 FROM CHAD. UN HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR REFUGEES INFORMED THAT SUDAN WILL RETAIN ITS OPEN DOOR POLICY.

15. EMERGENCY CENTRE FOR LOCUST OPERATIONS (ECLO), ESTABLISHED BY FAO, REPORTED FIFTH INSTAR DESERT LOCUST HOPPERS MARCHING OUT OF ERITREA HAVE BEEN CONTROLLED OVER 32 SQ.KM AREA NEAR KASSALA. EARLY INSTAR AFRICAN MIGRATION LOCUST HOPPERS REPORTED IN SENNAR AND DAMAZINE DISTRICT IN BLUE NILE PROVINCE. TO DATE LOCUST AND GRASS HOPPER INFESTATION APPEARS TO BE UNDER CONTROL WITH NO MAJOR SWARMS OR CONCENTRATION REPORTED.

CIVIL STRIFE

16. IN ADDITION TO INACCESSABILITY TO SOUTH BY ROAD, RIVER (NILE) AND AIR DUE TO CIVIL STRIFE, SITUATION MORE PRECARIOUS AS LAST SUPPLY LINE THROUGH UGANDA CUT FOLLOWING CLOSURE OF BORDER TO RELIEF SUPPLIES BY UGANDAN AUTHORITIES. CONTINGENCY PLANNING BY UN, DONORS AND OTHER AGENCIES ALLOWS FOR APPROXIMATELY 25,000 MT OF FOOD TO BE MADE AVAILABLE AND PREPOSITIONED IN NORTHERN SUDAN, KENYA AND UGANDA. FOOD WILL BE TRANSPORTED BY MOST APPROPRIATE MEANS, AS SITUATION PERMITS.

18. KNOWLEDGE OF CONDITIONS OUTSIDE MAJOR TOWNS SCARGE BECAUSE OF PREVAILING INSECURITY AND INACCESSIBILITY. SITUATION OUTSIDE MAJOR TOWNS FEARED TO BE EVEM WORSE.

19. JUBA - LATEST CONVOY OF 204 TRUCKS REACHED TOWN ON 27 AUGUST, COMPOSED OF 6 TRUCKS WITH 315 MT OF EEC MAIZE FOR COMBINED AGENCIES RELIEF TEAM (CART) DISTRIBUTION, 27 TRUCKS WITH 788 MT WFP MAIZE FOR REFUGEE PROGRAMME AND 171 TRUCKS WITH PRIVATE SUPPLIES INCLUDING ABOUT 1,000 MT OF FOOD. THIS CONSIGNMENT REPRESENTS FOOD FOR ABOUT 3 WEEKS.

20. MALAKAL - SURVEY CARRIED OUT BY UNICEF AND A NUMBER OF NGOS SHOWED 25 PER CENT MALNUTRITION. 90 KG BAG OF SORGHUM, IF OBTAINABLE, COSTS LS 750 COMPARED TO LS 40 IN KHARTOUM.

21. WAU - MALNUTRITION REPORTED AMONG 35 PER CENT DISPLACED PEOPLE. AT END AUGUST NO FOOD AVAILABLE EITHER IN SHOPS AND MARKETS OR IN RELIEF STORES. LATEST CONSIGNMENT OF 40 MT WFP MAIZE DELIVERED ON 14 AND 15 AUGUST THROUGH ICRC AIRBRIDGE BEFORE OPERATION CEASED BECAUSE OF SPLA THREAT TO SHOOT DOWN RELIEF PLANES.

22. HUMANITARIAN AIRLIFT, ORGANIZED BY SUDANESE GOVERNMENT WITH WFP UNDER NAME 'RAINBOW OPERATION' WILL PROCEED AS SOON AS SECURITY SITUATION ALLOWS. POTENTIAL DONORS BASED IN KHARTOUM, I.E. UN AGENCIES, SEVERAL EMBASSIES AND EEC RECEIVED FOLLOWING TELEX FROM SUDANESE RRC COMMISSIONER.

QUOTE

SUBJECT: HUMANITARIAN RELIEF AIRLIFT ('RAINBOW OPERATION')

AS YOU ARE AWARE, THE DETERIORATION OF THE FOOD SITUATION IN THE REGIONS OF THE SOUTHERN SUDAN IS A MATTER OF SERIOUS CONCERN TO US.

THE GOVERNMENT IS CURRENTLY ENDEAVOURING TO TAKE ALL POSSIBLE MEASURES TO ENSURE TRANSPORTATION OF RELIEF SUPPLIES TO THE NEEDY CIVILIAN POPULATION. AMONG SUCH MEASURES WE EXPECT THE IMMINENT RE-OPENING OF THE AIRPORTS IN THE MAJOR SOUTHERN CITIES. WE BELIEVE THAT SUCH OPENING WILL BE A SPECIAL OPPORTUNITY FOR FRIENDLY GOVERNMENTS AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS TO CONTRIBUTE CONCRETELY TO THE URGENT TRANSPORT OF RELIEF SUPPLIES BY AIR.

WE WOULD THEREFORE PROPOSE THE LAUNCHING OF AN INTERNATIONALLY FUNDED HUMANITARIAN AIRLIFT ASAP.

THE SPECIAL FEATURES OF OUR PROPOSAL WOULD BE:

1) CHARTERING OF ONE CIVILIAN AIRCRAFT FOR A PERIOD OF 30 DAYS TO CARRY FOOD AND RELIEF SUPPLIES FROM KHARTOUM, KOSTI OR EL OBEID TO THE CIVILIAN POPULATION OF MALAKAL AND WAU.

2) THE AIRCRAFT WILL BE OPERATED BY RTO/WFP ON BEHALF OF RRC AND FINANCED BY A CONSORTIUM OF FRIENDLY DONORS AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS.

3) THE AIRLIFT WILL BE PURELY OF A HUMANITARIAN NATURE AND WILL SOLELY CONCENTRATE ON THE RELIEF TO NEEDY CIVILIAN POPULATION.

4) THE AIRLIFT 'CONSORTIUM' WILL BE OPEN TO ANYONE AND WILL BE COORDINATED BY A DONORS/RRC STEERING COMMITTEE.

5) THE COST ESTIMATED FOR THIS RELIEF AIRLIFT WOULD BE US DLRS 980.000.

THIS HUMANITARIAN EFFORT HAS BEEN NAMED BY US 'RAINBOW AIRLIFT' IN ORDER TO UNDERLINE ITS MULTINATIONAL NATURE AND ITS CONTENT OF GOOD WILL.

EYE SINCERELY HOPE THAT YOU WILL BE ABLE TO RESPOND POSITIVELY TO OUR PROPOSAL AND THUS ENABLE URGENT RELIEF TO REACH NEEDY PEOPLE.

MAY EYE TAKE THIS OPPORTUNITY TO RENEW OUR APPRECIATION FOR YR HELP AND CONVEY TO YOU MY BEST RGDS,

YR SINCERELY,
MOHAMED KAMIL SHAWKI
COMMISSIONER
RELIEF AND REHABILITATION COMMISSION.

UNQUOTE

24. DONORS ARE REQUESTED TO INFORM UNDRO DIRECTLY, PREFERABLY BY TELEX (28148 UNDR CH) OF THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS AND CORRESPONDING VALUE.

= ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148 +
(DPR 310 SUD '86 (11))


UNDRO 86/2472

SUDAN - DROUGHT/INSECURITY/PEST INFESTATION
UNDRO SITUATION REPORT NO. 3
26 SEPTEMBER 1986

GENERAL SITUATION

1. UN SECRETARY-GENERAL EXPRESSED DEEP CONCERN OVER THE DETERIORATING SECURITY SITUATION IN SOUTHERN SUDAN, AND ITS ADVERSE EFFECTS ON RELIEF EFFORTS OF INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY. HE APPEALED TO ALL PARTIES CONCERNED TO PERMIT RESUMPTION OF RELIEF OPERATIONS TO PREVENT FURTHER LOSS OF HUMAN LIFE.

2. FOOD SUPPLY SITUATION CONTINUES TO IMPROVE IN MOST REGIONS. NUMBER OF PEOPLE STILL AFFECTED ESTIMATED AT 4.9 MILLION, INCLUDING 900,000 PERSONS DISPLACED FROM THEIR HOME AREAS BY LAST YEAR'S DROUGHT EMERGENCY AS WELL AS CURRENT CIVIL STRIFE IN SOUTH SUDAN.

DROUGHT

3. WFP REPORTED ON 16 SEPTEMBER TOTAL DROUGHT RELIEF REQUIREMENT ORIGINALLY ESTIMATED AT 517,000 MT OF CEREALS, NOW REVISED TO 324,645 MT OF WHICH 22,000 MT FOR SOUTHERN SUDAN, WHICH IS MAXIMUM QUANTITY WHICH CAN BE DISTRIBUTED GIVEN LOGISTICS AND SECURITY CONSTRAINTS.

4. CROP PROSPECTS GOOD FOR IRRIGATED AND MECHANIZED RAIN-FED AREAS WHILE SOME POCKETS OF LOW TO NIL PRODUCTION EXPECTED IN MARGINAL AND SMALL SCALE FARMING AREAS OF DARFUR, KORDOFAN AND KASSALA DUE TO LOW RAINFALL AND OUTBREAKS OF RODENT INFESTATION.

5. HEAVY RAINS HAVE FLOODED SOME VILLAGES IN CENTRAL PART OF COUNTRY CAUSING TRANSPORT DIFFICULTIES.

6. NATIONAL FOOD SECURITY STOCKS HELD BY AGRICULTURAL BANK OF SUDAN CURRENTLY AT LEVEL OF 600,000 MT OF WHICH 400,000 MT STORED IN COMMERCIAL WAREHOUSES.

CIVIL STRIFE

7. FOOD SUPPLY SITUATION FOR ABOUT 2 MILLION PEOPLE, SUFFERING FROM COMBINATION OF DROUGHT/INSECURITY/INACCESSIBILITY PROBLEMS IN THE SOUTH, HIGHLY PRECARIOUS AND UNSTABLE. THIS DUE TO CONSTRAINTS ON DISTRIBUTION OF AVAILABLE FOOD.

8. AS ALREADY MENTIONED IN UNDRO SITUATION REPORT, ISSUED ON 11 SEPTEMBER, SUDANESE GOVERNMENT HAS MADE PUBLIC APPEALS FOR INTERNATIONAL SUPPORT FOR AIR TRANSPORT OF RELIEF SUPPLIES TO CIVILIAN POPULATION OF MALAKAL AND WAU, CALLED OPERATION RAINBOW.

9. FOLLOWING GOS APPEAL, WFP AGREED ON BEHALF OF CONSORTIUM OF INTERESTED DONORS AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS TO CHARTER HERCULES C-130 PLANE TO BE OPERATED FROM KHARTOUM FOR INITIAL PERIOD OF ONE MONTH. FOR THIS PURPOSE, WFP LAUNCHED SPECIAL APPEAL FOR ONE MILLION DOLLARS TO FINANCE OPERATION RAINBOW. CONTRIBUTIONS SHOULD BE DEPOSITED IN WFP US DOLLAR ACCOUNT NO. 490650/42/47 WITH BANCA COMMERCIALE ITALIANA, FAO BRANCH, ROME, MARKED QUOTE FOR RAINBOW HUMANITARIAN AIRLIFT, SUDAN UNQUOTE WITH TELEGRAPHIC ADVICE TO UNEOS/KHARTOUM AND WFP/WPRT ROME.

10. OPERATION RAINBOW EXPECTED TO START IMMEDIATELY GOVT PERMISSION GRANTED. INDONESIAN C-130 PLANE ARRIVING KHARTOUM SATURDAY 27 SEPTEMBER. SAFE PASSAGE FOR AIRCRAFT CARRYING RELIEF SUPPLIES TO THE SOUTH HAS BEEN PROMISED BY SPLA.

11. WFP ALSO PLANNING AIR TRANSPORT OF RELIEF FOOD TO JUBA FROM KENYA OR UGANDA WITH BOEING 707. SPECIAL CONTRIBUTION FROM DONORS ALSO REQUESTED FOR THIS PURPOSE.

12. UGANDAN GOVT REOPENED NORTHERN BORDERS AFTER SUCCESSFUL TALKS WITH SUDANESE GOVT ON BORDER SECURITY.

13. OVERLAND TRANSPORT CONSIDERED AS PRIORITY. CONVOY OF 40 TRUCKS WITH FOOD REACHED WAU RECENTLY WITH 3,500 BAGS OF FOOD FROM TAMBURA, 230 KM TO SOUTH NEAR SUDAN'S BORDERS WITH ZAIRE AND CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC. WAU GRADUALLY RETURNING TO NORMAL.

14. TENS OF THOUSANDS PEOPLE STARTED TO CULTIVATE RAINY SEASON CROPS IN VILLAGES.

PEST INFESTATION

15. SURVEYS INDICATE NO LOCUST INFESTATION AS YET IN EASTERN SUDAN. MEDIUM DENSITY INFESTATION GRASSHOPPERS FOUND IN SENAR AND KOSTI DISTRICTS AND HEAVY INFESTATION IN MANAGIL AREA, GEZIRA PROVINCE OF CENTRAL REGION. MEDIUM TO HIGH INFESTATION REPORTED IN SOUTH DARFUR AND LIGHT INFESTATION IN SHENDI AREA. NO LOCUST SWARMS REPORTED IN NORTHERN REGION.

CONTRIBUTIONS (REPORTED TO UNDRO SINCE SITREP NO.1 OF 22 AUGUST)

16. GOVERNMENTS
US DLRS
CANADA
CDN DLRS 700,000 THROUGH UNICEF FOR EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE
CDN DLRS 325,000 FOR OPERATION RAINBOW
507,246
235,507
NETHERLANDS
FL. 100,000 FOR EDUCATIONAL FACILITIES
40,000
USA
CASH CONTRIBUTION FOR SUPPLEMENTARY FOOD TRANSPORT (INCLUDING US DLRS 200,000 FOR OPERATION RAINBOW)
1,000,000
17. NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS
OXFAM
400 MT SUGAR FOR RED SEA PROVINCE, VALUE PDS STERLING 57,600
200 TENTS FOR SOUTH SUDAN, VALUE PDS STERLING 31,650

86,357
47,451
SAVE THE CHILDREN/USA
900 MT MILLET SEED
70,000 PACKETS VEGETABLE SEEDS
450 MT GROUND NUT SEEDS
(++)
(++)
(++)
(++) - VALUE NOT REPORTED TO UNDRO

18. DONORS ARE REQUESTED TO INFORM UNDRO DIRECTLY, PREFERABLY BY TELEX (28148 UNDR CH), OF THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS AND CORRESPONDING VALUE.

= ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148 +


UNDRO 86/2673

SUDAN - DROUGHT/INSECURITY/PEST INFESTATION
UNDRO SITUATION REPORT NO. 4 - 14 OCTOBER 1986

GENERAL SITUATION

1. RAINFALL THIS YEAR BELOW LONG-TERM AVERAGE BUT ABOVE LAST YEAR'S TOTALS. DESPITE SPOILAGE FROM PESTS AND DEFICIENT RAINFALL, PROSPECTS FOR GRAIN PRODUCTION GOOD.

2. ROAD, RAIL, RIVER AND AIR ROUTES TO SOUTHERN SUDAN REMAINED CLOSED THROUGHOUT SEPTEMBER DUE INTERNAL CONFLICT. DELIVERY FOOD/MEDICAMENTS RECENTLY RESUMED. INCREASED DISPLACED PERSONS REPORTED IN SOUTH.

DROUGHT

3. DARFUR AND RED SEA HILLS PROVINCE REMAIN AREAS OF GREAT CONCERN. FOOD DISTRIBUTION DARFUR AND KORDOFAN WILL BE CONCLUDED OCTOBER. ROAD TRANSPORT OPERATION (RTO) CONTINUES DEPLOYMENT VEHICLES FROM DARFUR TO RED SEA HILLS PROVINCE, TO BE TERMINATED BY MID-NOVEMBER.

4. CROPS BEING ASSESSED ALSO TO ESTIMATE 1987 EMERGENCY FOOD NEEDS.

5. AS OF 1 SEPTEMBER FOOD AID SITUATION AS FOLLOWS:

REGION
1986 FOOD NEEDS
ALLOCATED
DELIVERED
DISTRIBUTED
DARFUR
61,000
89,070
87,250
45,000
KORDOFAN
149,000
148,558
138,558
107,000
CENTRAL
30,000
26,583
22,919
18,700
RED SEA PROV
45,100
38,222
35,222
29,129
NORTHERN
5,445
3,606
2,432
2,432
KHARTOUM PROV
3,000
2,055
2,055
2,055

CIVIL STRIFE

6. RELIEF STOCKS IN SOUTH EXHAUSTED BY END SEPTEMBER. HUNGER RELATED DEATHS REPORTED IN CAMPS DISPLACED PERSONS.

7. RELIEF AGENCIES ESTIMATE UP TO 2 MILLION PEOPLE FACING STARVATION IN SOUTHERN SUDAN. GOVT CONSIDERS THIS FIGURE EXAGERRATED. EXACT NUMBER DIFFICULT OBTAIN DUE INSECURITY AND INACCESSIBILITY.

8. INCREASE IN NUMBER PERSONS DISPLACED REPORTED FROM JUBA AND OTHER TOWNS IN SOUTH AS WELL AS CONTINUING INFLUX TO TOWNS IN NORTH (RENK, AWEIL, KHARTOUM) TOTALLING 200,000-250,000 PERSONS.

9. FOOD DISTRIBUTION POINTS BEING ESTABLISHED ALONG NORTHERN PERIMETER SOUTHERN SUDAN BORDER IN 'FIRST-LINE' OPERATION SET UP BY GOVT.

10. DELAYED AIRLIFT FOOD/MEDICAMENTS, CODENAMED 'RAINBOW', BEGAN 12 OCTOBER. DC-8 PLANE LEFT KHARTOUM FOR JUBA WHILE C-130 HERCULES LANDED IN ZAIRIAN TOWN OF ISIRO FROM WHICH SUPPLIES WILL BE TRUCKED TO SOUTHERN SUDAN TOWNS.

11. GOVT HAS DECIDED USE SUDAN AIRWAYS BOEING 707'S AND 737'S FOR FOOD TRANSPORT TO JUBA AND SMALLER FOKER FRIENDSHIP TO AIRPORTS IN MALAKAL AND WAU WHICH REOPENDED TO CIVILIAN TRAFFIC.

12. PLANS FOR AIRLIFT FOOD/MEDICAMENTS TO SOUTH CONTINUE DESPITE INSURANCE PROBLEMS RELATED TO SPLA THREAT TO SHOOT DOWN RELIEF PLANES.

PEST INFESTATION

13. NO FURTHER LOCUST INFESTATION REPORTED.

CONTRIBUTIONS (REPORTED TO UNDRO SINCE SITREP NO. 3 OF 26 SEP 86)

14. UN SYSTEM
US DLRS
UNICEF
CASH FOR OPERATION RAINBOW
100,000
WFP
FOOD FOR 20,000 MALNOURISHED CHILDREN SOUTHERN SUDAN INCL. EXTERNAL FREIGHT AND SUPERINTENDENCE
453,200
CASH FOR OPERATION RAINBOW
250,000
15. GOVERNMENTS
FRANCE
CASH FOR OPERATION RAINBOW
600,000
IRELAND
CASH FOR TRANSPORT (150,000 IRISH POUNDS)
201,342
NETHERLANDS
CASH FOR OPERATION RAINBOW
200,000
16. NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS
SAVE THE CHILDREN/USA
VALUE OF SEEDS REPORTED 22/9
286,000

17. DONORS ARE REQUESTED TO INFORM UNDRO DIRECTLY, PREFERABLY BY TELEX (28148 UNDR CH), OF THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS AND CORRESPONDING VALUE.

= ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148 +

UNDRO 86/2948

SUDAN - DROUGHT/INSECURITY/PEST INFESTATION
UNDRO SITUATION REPORT NO. 5
17 NOVEMBER 1986

GENERAL SITUATION

1. 1986/87 GRAIN PRODUCTION EXPECTED TO BE ABOUT SAME LEVEL AS LAST YEAR. GROUNDNUTS AND SESAME CROPS EXPECTED INCREASE SIGNIFICANTLY. MINISTRY AGRICULTURE ANNOUNCED SUBSTANTIAL INCREASE SORGHUM CROP. RESULTS ON-GOING FAO CROP ASSESSMENT EXPECTED LATER THIS MONTH.

2. LARGE QUANTITIES OF FOOD FLOWN OR TRANSPORTED BY ROAD, TRAIN AND BARGE INTO SOUTHERN SUDAN IN OCTOBER. SITUATION STILL CRITICAL IN SEVERAL TOWNS.

3. REFUGEES SITUATION RELATIVELY STABLE DURING OCTOBER.

4. VARYING INTENSITIES LOCUSTS/GRASSHOPPER INFESTATION REPORTED FROM ALL PARTS SUDAN. APPROPRIATE CONTROL MEASURES TAKEN.

NORTHERN SUDAN

5. FOOD DISTRIBUTION CEASED AT END OCTOBER, EXCEPT SCF/USA ACTIVITIES NORTH KORDOFAN AND WFP AND OXFAM DISTRIBUTION IN RED SEA PROVINCE. MOST AGENCIES HAVE TURNED TO LONGER-TERM DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS.

6. 10,000 MT SURPLUS RELIEF FOOD SUPPLIES REPORTED IN DARFUR AND SMALLER QUANTITIES IN KORDOFAN AND CENTRAL REGION. DISCUSSIONS UNDER WAY FOR THEIR USE AS STRATEGIC GRAIN RESERVE AND SCHOOL FEEDING DARFUR AS WELL AS FOR REFUGEES AND SOUTHERN RELIEF OPERATIONS.

7. MOVEMENT DISPLACED PERSONS NORTHWARD REPORTED TO CONTINUE. 820 MT FOOD HAVE BEEN ALLOCATED TO SUPPLY 27,000 RECENTLY ARRIVED. INITIAL DISTRIBUTION 100 MT FOOD ORGANIZED BY RRC, UNEOS (WFP/MALT AND WFP/RTO), SUDANAID AND LOCAL COUNCILS KHARTOUM AREA.

8. IN OCTOBER RRC/UNEOS EARLY WARNING SYSTEM REPORTED GRASSHOPPER INFESTATION OF VARYING INTENSITY IN MOST CULTIVATED AREAS, BEING COMBATTED BY GROUND AND AIR CONTROL PROGRAMMES. GREAT CONCERN OVER LEVEL CROP SPOILAGE FROM SWARMS DESERT LOCUSTS
CENTRAL/NORTHERN REGIONS.

SOUTHERN SUDAN

9. UP TO 10,000 DISPLACED PEOPLE REPORTED AROUND TOWN OF TAMBURA IN WESTERN EQUATORIA AND 50-60,000 AROUND JUBA.

10. ACCESS TO TOWNS CONTINUES TO BE MAJOR OBSTACLE TO RELIEF EFFORTS.

11. OPERATION RAINBOW NOW ON STAND-BY AFTER 273 MT FOOD DELIVERED TO JUBA AND 49 MT TO ISIRO IN ZAIRE (FOR ONWARD TRANSPORT TO WAU).

12. IN FORTNIGHTLY REPORT 85 OF 11 NOVEMBER WFP REPORTS A NUMBER OF FOOD DELIVERIES. 546 MT MAIZE FROM EEC DELIVERED BY WFP TO JUBA AND YEI BY ROAD, ACCOMPANIED BY LARGE QUANTITY FUEL FOR RELIEF PURPOSES. ANOTHER CONSIGNMENT OF ALMOST 130 MT ARRIVED YEI MID-OCTOBER. 2,000 MT CEREAL DELIVERED BY BARGE TO MALAKAL, WHICH ALSO RECEIVED CONSIDERABLE QUANTITY COMMERCIAL GOODS. 360 MT RELIEF SUPPLIES REACHED AWEIL BY TRAIN FOR FURTHER ROAD TRANSPORT TO WAU. ANOTHER 900 MT EEC-SUPPLIED SORGHUM PROCEEDING BY TRAIN FROM BABANUSA TO AWEIL, WHILE EEC HAS MADE AVAILABLE FOR RELIEF 1,500 MT OF ITS RICE PROJECT AT AWEIL. FOOD ROAD TRANSPORT FROM NORTH TO SOUTH IS BEING PURSUED BY RRC AND UNEOS ALSO IN CONJUNCTION WITH ITALIAN GOVT.

CONTRIBUTIONS: (REPORTED TO UNDRO SINCE SITREP NO.4 OF 14 OCT 86)

13. UN SYSTEM
US DLRS
WFP
FOOD INCL. TRANSPORT COSTS
453,200
14. GOVERNMENTS
DENMARK
CASH THROUGH UNICEF FOR SOUTHERN SUDAN (DKR 2 MILLION)
261,438
GERMANY (FED. REP.)
CASH THROUGH UNICEF FOR FOOD, MEDICAMENTS, OPERATION RAINBOW (DM 450,000)
222,772
IRELAND
CASH THROUGH WFP FOR OPERATION RAINBOW
67,625
SWEDEN
CASH THROUGH WFP FOR OPERATION RAINBOW (SKR 500,000)
71,942
15. NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS
OXFAM
FOOD, MEDICAMENTS, BLANKETS, PLASTIC SHEETING, INCL. AIR FREIGHT
NUTRITIONIST THROUGH CART

311,285
9,532

16. DONORS ARE REQUESTED TO INFORM UNDRO DIRECTLY, PREFERABLY BY TELEX (28148 UNDR CH), OF THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS AND CORRESPONDING VALUE.

= ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148 +

UNDRO 86/3159


SUDAN - DROUGHT/INSECURITY/PEST INFESTATION
UNDRO SITUATION REPORT NO. 6
18 DECEMBER 1986

GENERAL SITUATION

1. GREAT SURPLUS OF GRAIN EXPECTED AGAIN FOR THE 1986/87 HARVEST. PRELIMINARY FINDINGS OF FAO CROP ASSESSMENT MISSION RETAIN FOR 1986 FIGURE OF 3.6 MILLION TONS OF SORGHUM HARVEST.

2. THE EMERGENCY SITUATION IN NORTHERN SUDAN IS PRACTICALLY OVER AND MOST DONORS ARE NOW STARTING REHABILITATION PROGRAMMES. A FURTHER SHIPMENT OF FOOD EXPECTED TO ARRIVE IN SOUTHERN SUDAN SOON.

3. GOVERNMENT GREATLY CONCERNED OVER SITUATION OF DISPLACED PEOPLE FROM SOUTH. TO ACCOMODATE THEM RRC CONSIDERING BORROWING LAND FROM GOVT OR PRIVATE SECTOR.

4. REFUGEES SITUATION REMAINS RELATIVELY STABLE.

5. THANKS TO GOOD TIMING IN SHIPPING OF EQUIPMENT AND PESTICIDES, LOCUST AND GRASSHOPPERS UNDER CONTROL.

NORTHERN SUDAN

6. AGRICULTURAL SEASON CONSIDERED A SUCCESS. DISTRIBUTION OF FOOD AID HAS STOPPED BUT IS EXPECTED TO CONTINUE IN 1987 TO ASSIST PEOPLE SERIOUSLY AFFECTED BY PREVIOUS DROUGHT AND DESERTIFICATION. GOAL OF 38,000 MT OF GRAIN STILL NOT MET.

7. GRAIN PRICES CONTINUE TO FALL TO SP 15 PER SACK (90 KILO) OF DURA. LIVESTOCK PRICES CONSIDERED NORMAL.

8. A COMMITTEE, COMPOSED OF RRC, NGOS AND SUDANAID, WAS SET UP TO DEAL WITH THE PROBLEM OF ABOUT 600,000 DISPLACED PEOPLE. GOVT. SEEKING SELF-EFFICIENT SOLUTION TO ARRANGE FOR LAND IN AREAS WITH WATER. SOME DISPLACED PERSONS WILL BE ENGAGED FOR SUGARCANE HARVEST. RRC ESTABLISHING LOCAL CENTRES TO DISTRIBUTE RELIEF SUPPLIES. USAID AND SUDANAID DISTRIBUTED FOOD TO 37,000 PEOPLE NEWLY ARRIVED FROM SOUTH. SEVERAL THOUSANDS OF STUDENTS HAVE RECEIVED SCHOOL BOOKS AND STATIONARY. HOWEVER, CLOTHES, BEDDING AND FOOD ALSO REQUIRED.

9. FOOD DELIVERY, ORGANIZED FROM NORTH TO SOUTH BY RRC, WFP AND OTHER DONORS, CONTINUES TO BE CARRIED OUT USING EVERY MEANS OF TRANSPORT.

10. A NUMBER OF LIVESTOCK PROJECTS TO RESTORE HERDS (CATTLE, CAMELS, SHEEPS AND GOATS) AND TO IMPROVE SITUATION OF NOMADIC PASTORALISTS ARE EITHER ALREADY OPERATIONAL OR BEING ENVISAGED.

SOUTHERN SUDAN

11. EMERGENCY SITUATION IN SOUTH CONTINUES, AND REGULAR FOOD SUPPLY, TO BE CO-ORDINATED BY RRC, IS NECESSARY. LARGE QUANTITIES OF GRAIN HAVE ALREADY ARRIVED BY PLANE, TRUCK AND BARGE.

12. FOOD SUPPLY HAS ALSO IMPROVED SINCE OPENING OF UGANDAN BORDERS.

13. SECURITY AND ESCORTS GUARANTEED BY GOVT.

RELIEF AND REHABILITATION MANAGEMENT

14. RRC, HEADED BY COMMISSIONER SHAWKI, BUILDING UP NEW STRUCTURE. NEW LAW CONCERNING RELIEF AND REHABILITATION ACTIVITIES READY TO BE APPROVED THIS MONTH.

15. UNEOS MANDATE TERMINATES AT END OF YEAR. MR. WALI SHAH WALI, DESIGNATED IN CHARGE OF UNDP OFFICE IN KHARTOUM IS SUPERVISING CLOSING OF UNEOS AND TRANSFER OF EMERGENCY OPERATIONS TO RESPECTIVE ORGANIZATIONS AND/OR BILATERAL DONORS.

16. UNDRO IS TO SUPPORT RRC DISASTER PREPAREDNESS UNIT AND INFORMATION DOCUMENT CENTRE.

CONTRIBUTIONS: (REPORTED TO UNDRO SINCE SITREP NO.5 OF 17 NOV 86)

17. GOVERNMENTS
US DLRS
NETHERLANDS
CASH THROUGH SUDAN COUNCIL OF CHURCHES FOR EMERGENCY RELIEF IN SOUTHERN SUDAN (DFL 587,500)
255,435
CASH THROUGH SUDAN COUNCIL OF CHURCHES FOR REFUGEE PROGRAMME (DFL 600,000)
260,870

18. DONORS ARE REQUESTED TO INFORM UNDRO DIRECTLY, PREFERABLY BY TELEX (28148 UNDR CH), OF THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS AND CORRESPONDING VALUE.

= ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148 +