Sudan

Sudan Drought Nov 1984 UNDRO Information Report 1

UNDRO 84/2602
SUDAN - DROUGHT
UNDRO INFORMATION REPORT NO. 1
29 NOVEMBER 1984

SITUATION

1. FAO MONITORING REPORTS SECOND HALF 1983 INDICATED BELOW AVERAGE RAINFALLS BEGINNING RAIN SEASON JEOPARDIZING SORGHUM, MAIN STAPLE CROP, AND MILLET IN EASTERN AND CENTRAL SUDAN AND IN TRADITIONAL AGRICULTURAL SECTORS OF WESTERN SUDAN, DARFUR AND KORDOFAN. FAO/WFP FOLLOW-UP MISSIONS CONFIRMED PROJECTED 1984 HARVEST DEFICITS, MAINLY IN RAINFED AGRICULTURE WHICH RESPONSIBLE FOR OVER EIGHTY PERCENT NATIONAL SORGHUM PRODUCTION. PROSPECTS UNTIL NOVEMBER 1985, NEXT MAIN HARVEST, RATHER GRIM, ALSO IN VIEW FACT THAT RAINFALLS IN ETHIOPIA BROUGHT WATER LEVEL NILE DOWN WITH SEVERE CONSEQUENCES TO IRRIGATED WINTER WHEAT.

2. UNDRO/UNDP RESIDENT REPRESENTATIVE REPORTS DISASTROUS CON-SEQUENCES FOOD DEFICIT IN DARFUR, KORDOFAN, CENTRAL, EASTERN AND NORTHERN REGIONS. TOTAL AFFECTED POPULATION APPROX 4 MILLION PEOPLE. CORROBORATING REPORTS RECEIVED FROM UNICEF EMERGENCY OPERATION UNIT AND NGOS, NOTABLY CAFOD AND LRCS. STARVATION OBSERVED IN WESTERN REGIONS AND PARTICULARLY SERIOUS CASES AMONG BEJA NOMAD POPULATION RED SEA HILLS PROVINCE FOR WHOM NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL RELIEF EFFORTS UNDERWAY.

FOOD SITUATION

3. UNDP/WFP ESTIM. OVERALL FOOD DEFICIT AT 1.16 MILLION TONS FOR 1985. TAKING INTO ACCOUNT FOOD DONATIONS AND PLEDGES BY CHINA 10,000 TONS RICE, CANADA 30,000 TONS WHEAT AND USA 82,000 TONS SORGHUM AND 250,000 TONS WHEAT, CEREAL GAP FOR 1985 AROUND 800,000 TONS.

RELIEF OPERATIONS

4. UN (UNICEF) AND NGOS (LRCS THRU RED CRESCENT, CARITAS) CONCENTRATING RELIEF EFFORTS TO FIGHT STARVATION AMONG AFFECTED BEJA NOMADS IN RED SEA HILLS PROVINCE. UNICEF RECEIVED 100,000 US DLRS FROM NETHERLANDS FOR LOCAL PURCHASES FOOD. LRCS LAUNCHED APPEAL 9 NOVEMBER FOR FOOD AND MEDICINES OF APPROX 2 MILLION US DLRS FOR 25,000 SERIOUSLY AFFECTED OVER COMING 12 MONTHS.

= ESSAAFI UNDRO GENEVA 28148 +