Sudan: Darfur Humanitarian Overview (1 February 2018)
Due to unilateral ceasefires by the Government of Sudan and most armed groups, there has been no new civilian displacement across Darfur in January 2018. In 2017, there has been significantly less conflict-related displacement in Darfur compared to previous years. A reduction in inter-communal tensions and related displacement in the area has also been observed. About 9,700 people were newly displaced in 2017 in Darfur, according to the UN and partners. An additional estimated 7,000 people were also reportedly displaced during last year, but the UN and partners have not yet verified these figures.
According to a recent update from the Government of Sudan, the number of IDPs across Sudan has reduced from 2.3 million to about 2 million, 1.76 million of whom are in Darfur. Based on revised estimates, there are about 386,000 returnees in Sudan, mainly in Darfur. The UN and partners will continue to work with the Government to further verify the returnees. A lack of basic services and infrastructure in addition to insecurity in some areas continues to prevent the return of displaced people to their areas of origin. In many areas humanitarian access has improved following the introduction of new directives for humanitarian action in December 2016, with new areas becoming accessible in the Jebel Marra area. However, the implementation of the directives remains inconsistent across states.
Meanwhile, about 3,484 South Sudanese refugees arrived in Darfur in January 2018 and another 91,880 refugees throughout 2017. As of 31 January 2018, Darfur hosts 164,078 South Sudanese refugees, according to UNHCR. UNHCR and partners anticipate over 91,600 refugee arrivals from South Sudan into Darfur throughout 2018.