· Fighting between the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) and forces loyal to the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) erupted on September 1 in Blue Nile State, amplifying violence in the Three Areas, where fighting that began in Southern Kordofan State in June continues. Ongoing fighting and aerial bombardments in Blue Nile have displaced thousands of individuals within Sudan, as well as caused refugee flows to Ethiopia and South Sudan, according to the U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). Displacements continue in Southern Kordofan, where ongoing fighting had affected up to 200,000 people as of August 25, according to OCHA.
· As of September 23, the Government of Sudan (GoS) continued to impose restrictions on international humanitarian organizations operating in Blue Nile and Southern Kordofan states, significantly hindering relief efforts, according to OCHA. However, international non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and U.N. agencies continue to carry out limited humanitarian assistance activities through local staff members and in partnership with the Sudanese Red Crescent Society (SRCS), state-level GoS ministries, and local NGOs. U.N. agencies, international NGOs, and donors continue to advocate to the GoS for increased humanitarian access to populations in the Three Areas.
· USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) and USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) continue to respond to the immediate needs of conflict-affected individuals—including internally displaced persons (IDPs) and host communities across Darfur, as well as populations affected by recent fighting in the Three Areas—and, wherever feasible and appropriate, undertake early recovery activities to build the foundation for long-term recovery in Sudan. In FY 2011, USAID/OFDA has provided nearly $101 million in humanitarian assistance to people in need across Sudan—including in Darfur, eastern Sudan, and the Three Areas of Southern Kordofan State, Blue Nile State, and Abyei Area. In addition, USAID/FFP has committed more than $182.3 million in FY 2011 to provide life-saving food assistance to vulnerable and conflict-affected communities in Sudan.