On 10 February militia forces released four people who were on board an Operation Lifeline Sudan (OLS) aircraft detained in Old Fangak since 3 February. Those released were the crew of two pilots, an OLS official and a local counterpart. Following negotiations between the UNCERO, WFP, the Government of Sudan and the militia, the released persons were flown to Lokichoggio.
OLS temporarily suspended humanitarian flights to Upper Nile On 7 February, pending further security assessments of the area and a review of the procedures regarding OLS flights.
2. FOOD DISTRIBUTION
Bahr el Ghazal
Aweil: A total of 214 MT of food was distributed to 18,255 beneficiaries in Aweil and surrounding villages. The beneficiaries included IDPs and residents experiencing food shortages. WFP also provided food for emergency school feeding, tuberculosis patients and unaccompanied children from Ed Daien, South Darfur. The children are expected to stay in Aweil for one month before they are reunited with relatives.
Wau: A therapeutic feeding centre was opened in Bagari during the reporting period to cater to malnourished children following an outbreak of measles. The Bagari centre, located about 16 km from Wau town, has a capacity for 50 children and 50 caretakers. WFP provided one ton of food to cater to the admitted children an their caretakers.
Bentiu: 8,803 IDPs were provided with food aid during the reporting period. The beneficiaries included 2,008 newly displaced persons who have arrived in Bentiu since January in poor nutritional condition. About 80% of the total beneficiaries were women. Food security in Bentiu is deteriorating as fighting continues in Unity State. The price of cereals in the town has risen over 200% since January, placing it beyond the reach of IDP households.
Kadugli, South Kordofan: A total of 15 MT of food was distributed to 730 food-for-work participants in a project to clear drains and ditches in order to prevent floods. The project is jointly managed by WFP and SC-USA. About 1,000 members of the community are participating in the project. NGO partners including IARA, CARE and SCC are providing non-food items.
Bahr el Ghazal
In Aweil West County, 64 MT of food aid was distributed to 9,000 beneficiaries in Maker. Food was also provided to 100 IDP households in Akuem, where WFP helped distribute displaced persons kits, together with UNICEF, MDM and the SRRA. In Wau County, 125 MT of food aid was distributed to 16,000 beneficiaries in Acumcum. In Gogrial County, 119 MT of food aid was distributed to 9,000 beneficiaries in Ajiep, 26 MT to 7,700 beneficiaries in Amou, 70 MT to 4,878 beneficiaries in Ayuang, and 77 MT to 4,938 beneficiaries in Malualwut.
Aweil East County: 64 MT of food aid was distributed to 15,591 beneficiaries in Ajak, 60 MT to 15,072 beneficiaries in Baau and 43 MT to 10,570 beneficiaries in Tieraliet. In Yirol County, 92 MT of food aid was distributed to 13,000 beneficiaries in Abuyong. WFP also provided assistance to 102 newly-arrived IDPS in Mangar Angui who left their homes in Gura around December 1999.
Unity/Western Upper Nile
Ruweng County: 68 MT of food aid was distributed to 6,264 beneficiaries in Biem and 70 MT to 6,804 beneficiaries in Tajiel. Among the beneficiaries in Tajiel were 2,376 IDPs from Bentiu town. The IDPs recently fled their home area after increasing insecurity. In Biem in the same county, WFP provided food to 324 IDPs from the Nuba mountains area, who also fled insecurity linked to fighting and aerial bombardments.
Latjor State: A total of 164 MT of food were distributed to 21,574 beneficiaries in Pagak, Wanding, Wordier and Mading.
Leech State: 123 MT of food aid was distributed to 26,388 beneficiaries in Keriel, 14 MT to 2,004 beneficiaries in Nimnim, and 78 MT to 7,000 beneficiaries in Pabuong. A further 80 MT was distributed to 23,442 beneficiaries in Pulmok.
Bor County: 33 MT of food aid was distributed to 6,000 beneficiaries in Padak.
Phou State: 34 MT of food aid was distributed to 5,322 beneficiaries in Pagil. In Ruweng County, 43 MT of food aid was distributed to 3,864 beneficiaries in Biem.
A total of 298 MT of relief food were provided to 12,069 beneficiaries in Kapoeta County. The beneficiaries reached were in Namorupus, Nanyangachor, Poongo, Lonyangak and Naita.
3. MONITORING AND ASSESSMENTS
Unity/Western Upper Nile
Bentiu: Nutrition monitoring conducted by CARE during the reporting period revealed that most returnees were from Leer and had gone to Bentiu because of insecurity. The survey was conducted before CARE suspended activities in Bentiu following the killing of two of its staff. Of sampled households of returnees, 80% are female headed, 30% of whom are either expectant or nursing mothers. About 20% of returnees were elderly. Rapid nutrition monitoring was carried out on 40 children. A nutrition survey conducted in Bentiu in December 1999 revealed increasing malnutrition, particularly amongst the displaced population. A recommendation was made for blanket feeding as take-home rations due to absence of an implementing NGO for wet feeding. Compared to the December survey, the returnees showed a slightly better nutrition status (17.5%) compared to those in Bentiu (26.3%). The global malnutrition rate remains, however, above the threshold of 15%. The immediate provision of food aid for both IDPs and returnees in Bentiu was recommended to prevent further increase in malnutrition rates.
Ruweng County: Initial findings from a WFP monitoring assessment in Tajiel and Biem point to a growing food shortage as a result of a failed harvest and insecurity. 1999 saw reduced crop yields in both locations due to floods and pest infestation. Insecurity in March 1999 caused the population to flee into the forests and toic (swamps), resulting in loss of life and assets such as seeds stores intended for the 2000 harvest. The poor food security situation on the ground is compounded by an outbreak of diseases such as tuberculosis and meningitis. WFP is monitoring the food security situation closely in this area.
Latjor State: WFP is monitoring the food security situation closely in the Kiech Kuon area following insecurity which resulted in the influx of around 7,000 additional IDPs from around Paak. A rapid assessment in late January revealed a food deficit amongst the poorer residents of Kiech Kuon, as well as the newly-arrived IDPs. Base on this assessment, WFP will increase food aid delivery to Kiech Kuon to meet the food needs of the newly-arrived IDPs. WFP is also monitoring the situation around Longochok since continued fighting in the area is causing displacement. This is in turn increasing the number of food insecure persons arriving in neighbouring areas.
Torit County: CRS reported deteriorating food security around Ikotos in Torit County. Water shortages compounded by insecurity continue to impact negatively on the local food security situation. WFP cannot access this area due to insecurity along the New Cush to Natinga road, and the flight ban in place over Eastern Equatoria.
Juba: A WFP/GoS team has finalised plans to conduct a rapid needs assessment following reports of population movement in areas south west of Juba. An estimated 500 people, mostly women and children, were recently displaced from Ayace, Iyire town and Magwi due to fighting in the area.
A household head count and IDP registration exercises commenced in Gos es Salam and Laya IDP camps and three squatter areas of Dang Kuc, Kadugli and El Ingaz during the reporting period. The exercise is being conducted by NGOs, community leaders under the coordination of WFP, GoS and UNHCU.
A joint WFP/GoS/UNHCU mission visited El Naiem rural council and Dabkaria to assess proposed sites for the resettlement of IDPs in Gos es Salam and Laya camps. The team recommended further assessments and consultation before plans for resettlement could be made.
Nutritional monitoring (using weight for height) by WFP and SRC in Admer and Admusa areas indicated a global malnutrition rate of 4.7% among IDP children. There was no indication of severe wasting. The survey was conducted among 358 children below the age of five in a total IDP population of 3,000.
Unity/Western Upper Nile
Bentiu: WFP and NGO staff were relocated from Bentiu to Rubkona following deteriorating security. Fighting around Bentiu since July 1999 has frequently hampered humanitarian activities. At present, WFP is restricted to rapid interventions in Bentiu due to insecurity.
WFP has received reports of population movement into Ethiopia from the Upper Nile/Jonglei. About 4,500 persons are reported to have moved to Pawe, close to Bahar Dar, in Ethiopia. Fighting in Melut, Pagak, Mading, and Maiwut is believed to have caused the displacement.
Latjor State: WFP staff were evacuated from Udier after security conditions turned tense. A WFP team in Lankien, Bieh State, Jonglei, was evacuated back to Lokichoggio on 7 February following tense security situation.
The road between New Cush and Natinga in Kapoeta County remained closed up to 12 February due to insecurity. This resulted in the temporary suspension of planned WFP activities in Lauro, Chukudum and Kimatong payams of Kapoeta County. Similarly, the road between Kitgum in northern Uganda and Parajok in Torit County, Eastern Equatoria, was closed up to 12 February due to insecurity. This precluded WFP's use of this road to access food insecure areas of Torit County.
Inter-ethnic tension is rising in several areas near the sugar factories. Fighting in early February reportedly resulted in 13 deaths. The security situation in Gos-es-Salam and Laya IDP camps is tense, although no incidents have been reported.
South Kordofan: Increased insecurity around some of the peace villages in Kadugli resulted in the temporary halt of WFP and partner NGO activities. A security assessment is planned for later this month before a scheduled WFP/GoS/NGO assessment mission in March. A meeting of humanitarian agencies in Kadugli recommended that all deliveries and food distribution to the peace villages be carried out with a security escort. WFP stressed the need for a permit to use mobile communication equipment while carrying out food interventions in the peace villages.
At least thirty people were reportedly injured in landmine explosions during the past two weeks. Insecurity around Hamashkoreib province has increased following improved relations between Sudan and Eritrea. Depending on improved security, WFP plans to verify reports of the presence of about 5,000 people in Hashay, about 26 km from Kassala town. The IDPs are reported to have arrived at Hashay at the end of August 1999 from six locations near the border with Eritrea.
During the reporting period, six WFP-leased aircraft continued to deliver food aid in Sudan. The aircraft included one C-130 and two Buffalo aircraft based in Lokichoggio, and two C-130 and one Ilyushin-76 based in El Obeid and Khartoum. From the northern sector, WFP delivered 1,714 MT of food by air during the reporting period. Food deliveries from El Obeid to northern sector locations amounted to 652 MT, while those to southern sector areas amounted to 738 MT. Deliveries from Khartoum totalled 324 MT. Those from El Obeid amounted to 1,390 MT, of which 990 MT were airdropped and 400 MT airlifted.
A WFP-charted aircraft crashlanded in Aweng, Twic County in Bahr el Ghazal on 10 February due to a mechanical failure. The five passengers on board were unhurt, and the aircraft is currently under repaired.
WFP and the Kenyan Ministry of Public Works signed an agreement on emergency repairs on the Eldoret to Lokichoggio (A1) road section. The project will be undertaken from March 2000.
WFP delivered 75 MT of food to north sector locations during the reporting period. Commodities amounting to 72 MT were delivered from Port Sudan to Kassala. MSF-Holland in Gedaref received 3 MT of food from Kosti for the Kala Azer feeding programmes in the area.
6. OTHER ISSUES
South Darfur: WFP and the IDP committee in Khor Omer are exploring income-generating activities that could be promoted through food-for-work. In addition, plans are being finalised for a hygiene awareness programme in Khor Omer. The proposed 10-day training will involve 40 IDP women. They will receive instruction on personal and environmental hygiene, nutrition, food and water storage and use, message dissemination and community mobilisation. Once trained, these 40 women are expected to teach other women in the camp in these subjects and mobilise the community in undertaking steps towards self-improvement. In accordance with WFP's goals for 2000, the project emphasises women's active participation. WFP will provide food rations to the trainers and trainees under food-for-training scheme.
WFP field staff conducted refresher training on food aid procedures for Local Relief Committee members in Pagak (Latjor State). WFP staff also held discussions with the Catholic Diocese of Torit in Naita, Kwauto payam, Kapoeta County on food-for-work and food-for-training projects. Similar meetings were held with counterparts and local community representatives in Yirol County.
WFP field staff in Lokichoggio briefed Mr Lutz Salzman, head of the EC delegation in Kenya as well as Mr Jan Van Brussels, ECHO Flight Coordinator, on WFP activities in the southern sector. Two representatives from AusAid - Brian Agland and Irene Davies, visited WFP operations in Khartoum and Lokichoggio.
A two-person CIDA mission headed by Ms Bronagh Carr, Emergency Assistance Specialist, visited South Darfur to review humanitarian activities in the IDP camps. WFP staff briefed the team about WFP programmes in the area.
The WFP Sudan Bulletin is available on the WFP Website at http://www.wfp.org. For further information on WFP operations in Sudan, please contact the WFP Africa Bureau - Mr Ismat Fahmi, Programme Coordinator for Sudan: email Ismat.Fahmi@WFP.org. telephone 39 06 6513 2338; or Ms. Leslie Elliott, Reports Officer, e-mail: Jouko.Ala-Outinen@WFP.org. telephone 39 06 6513 2871. The address of WFP is Via Cesare Giulio Viola 68, Parco dei Medici, 00148 Rome, Italy.
©: 1999, World Food Programme. All rights reserved.