Sudan

Sudan Bulletin No. 113: 14 - 20 Nov 1999

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Posted
Originally published
1. HIGHLIGHTS
During the reporting period, WFP staff completed a population assessment in Paboung (Leech State), Upper Nile. The team reported the presence of around 4,830 internally displaced persons (IDPs) in the location, compared to around 950 IDPs at the start of October 1999. It was alleged that 50-100 people are arriving from the northern part of Western Upper Nile to Paboung on a daily basis. The increase in IDP numbers is to be cross-checked before food aid levels are increased for this location.

2. DISTRIBUTION

Northern Sector

Khartoum

A total of 48,864 beneficiaries in Khartoum IDP camps and squatter areas received 405 MT of food from WFP during the week. The food was distributed in collaboration with ADRA to 43,314 IDPs and 5,550 vulnerable persons.

White Nile

A total of 69 MT of mixed food commodities was distributed to 8,442 vulnerable IDPs in Laya and Gos es Salam camps. About 3% of the targeted beneficiaries did not attend the distribution. They were said to have gone to nearby agriculture schemes to seek seasonal employment.

Equatoria

During the reporting period, 17,087 beneficiaries in Juba town received a total of 160 MT of food. The beneficiaries included 14,967 IDPs, 400 Congolese refugees, 350 malnourished children in the Action Contre la Faim (ACF) therapeutic feeding centre and 1,370 TB patients. Food for the TB in-patients was distributed in collaboration with German Leprosy Relief Association. At a workshop for NGOs organised by UNICEF and the Ministry of Health, WFP presented a paper covering registration, screening, food distribution, monitoring, reporting and evaluation procedures for selective feeding programmes.

South Darfur

Ed Daein: 330 IDPs were provided with 11 MT of food, enough for two months (November/December). The food was provided as part of a resettlement package for IDPs who have moved from the camps in Ed Daein to Sanam El Naaga, in Nyala province. UN/NGOs are working closely to implement the second phase of the resettlement project targeting an initial 1,000 IDP families. The relocation project is organised by SCF-UK.

South Kordofan

Kadugli: A total number of 1,789 beneficiaries (803 women, 986 men) were registered in a joint UN/GoS/INGO registration of flood affected persons in Kadugli town. The criteria for selection of beneficiaries include: complete destruction of houses, loss of food stocks and agricultural crops. As part of the initial response, the registered beneficiaries were given enough food for 15 days while they are re-constructing their houses. Further WFP assistance, as necessary, will be provided in collaboration with SCF-USA through food-for-work to rebuild trenches in order to reduce damage from future floods in Kadugli.

Southern Sector

Bahr el Ghazal

In Aweil East County, 87 MT of food was distributed to 10,570 beneficiaries in Tieraliet and 209 MT of relief food was distributed to 4,584 beneficiaries in Panthou. In Gogrial County, 145 MT of food was distributed to 18,755 beneficiaries in Panliet and 52 MT of food was distributed to 13,860 beneficiaries in Liethnom. In Twic County, 104 MT of food was distributed to 25,152 beneficiaries in Wunrok. In Wau County, 34 MT of relief food was distributed to 10,000 beneficiaries in Midel. In Yirol County, 63 MT of food was distributed to 8,250 beneficiaries in Adior.

Airdrops to Maper (Wau County) were temporarily suspended due to a lack of porters on 16 November, and again on 18 November. The WFP team completed the distribution of food stocks on the ground, and will take up the incident with the Wau County Secretary to ensure adequate remedial measures are taken.

Equatoria

In Kapoeta County, Eastern Equatoria a total of 86 MT of food was distributed to 8,025 beneficiaries in Natinga and 86 MT of relief food was distributed to 8,000 beneficiaries in Narus.

3. ASSESSMENTS

A joint WFP/UNICEF/HAC needs assessment in Pibor has recommended two months food aid for 8,500 registered persons. The flooding was a result of more than two weeks of uninterrupted rainfall in the Province. During the assessment, parts of Pibor town were still submerged and the river was overflowing its banks. The mission could not access areas outside Pibor town due to deep waters. The mission found out minimal structural damage but reported that the town residents and environs were facing a 25% food deficit. The mission recommended an assessment of crop damage be undertaken in Ferteh and Linkongole. Further, it was recommended that a beneficiary registration be conducted in order to target vulnerable populations during the lean season (April-June).

Bahr el Ghazal

The WFP Officer responsible for "Nutrition and NGO Liaison" visited feeding centres in the Malualkon area (Aweil East County), Bahr el Ghazal from 13-14 November to find out whether a recent increase in beneficiary numbers in Tearfund's therapeutic feeding programme on the ground was due to a food deficit. Whereas the Tearfund TFP had 5 children in August 1999, this number increased to 32 in November 1999. The WFP mission confirmed that the increase in TFP numbers was due to illness such as the high incidence of measles, diarrhoea, vomiting and high fever, rather than food insecurity. WFP has increased the ration size from 25% to 50% of a full food basket in many parts of Aweil East County since militia raids and continued heavy rains have impacted negatively on crops and assets.

Unity/Upper Nile/Jonglei

During the reporting period, WFP staff completed a population assessment in Paboung (Leech State), Upper Nile. The team reported the presence of around 4,830 internally displaced persons (IDPs) in the location, compared to around 950 IDPs at the start of October 1999. It was alleged that 50-100 people are arriving from the northern part of Western Upper Nile to Paboung on a daily basis. The increase in IDP numbers is to be cross-checked before food aid levels are increased for this location. WFP is monitoring closely the total numbers of food insecure host and IDP populations in Western Upper Nile to ensure that food aid delivery plans meet all food needs.

4. LOGISTICS

Air Operations

During the reporting period, three C-130 Hercules and three Buffalo aircraft delivered food aid out of Lokichoggio, and one C-130 Hercules and one Ilyushin-76 operated out of El Obeid and Khartoum respectively.

Food delivered from the northern sector air bases amounted to 1,051 MT, an increase of 35% over the previous reporting period. The increase was due to the resumption of operations of the El-Obeid aircraft, which was under maintenance. Deliveries were carried out by three WFP-leased aircraft as well as by commercial airfreight. Of the total deliveries during the week, 288 MT originated from Khartoum and 763 MT was delivered from El Obeid. Food was delivered to southern sector locations as follows: Ajak (36 MT), Mayen Abun (90 MT), Lietnom (18 MT), Maper (108 MT), Baau (72 MT) Riang Akieth (36 MT), Thiek Thou (162 MT), Akuem (18 MT), Pabuong (18 MT) and Malaulkon (90 MT). In the northern sector, 401 MT of food was airlifted to Wau.

On 12 November, WFP staff participated in a meeting of the Targeted Aircraft Funding (TAF) Working Group in Nairobi. NGOs using the "Share-a-Ride" system under TAF were poorly informed about the projected costs of flights in and out of Sudan, which complicated budgeting for OLS agencies. TAF staff were reminded to use a form providing projected costs for air journeys which is to be signed by agencies when they initially request the flights. At the meeting, the issue of cargo payloads for different aircraft flying into Sudan was also discussed.

WFP Regional Air Operations Office released an information brief explaining the current use and management of UN call signs for aircraft operating in South Sudan. This should help operators use UN call signs appropriately and improve the planning of OLS agencies with regard to ad-hoc air charters.

Road Operations

Road deliveries to Rumbek and Yirol counties, Bahr el Ghazal along the western road corridor from Koboko (Uganda) were delayed following an accident between a WFP-contracted truck carrying food aid and a vehicle.

5. SECURITY

On 14 November, Akuem (Aweil East County) returned to security level "normal" after being placed at security level "tense" two days earlier due to insecurity linked to train movements.

On 16 November, Baau (Aweil East County) was declared a "no-go" area due to potential insecurity linked to train movements near the location and remained at this security level until 20 November. A WFP rapid, "hit and run" distribution was postponed as a result. On 18 November, Bararud was declared as a "no-go" area and Panthou and Tieraliet - all in Aweil East County - were placed on security level "tense." Bararud remained a "no-go" area until the end of the reporting period.

The road between Natinga and New Cush (Kapoeta County), Eastern Equatoria remained a "no-go" area throughout the reporting period ending 20 November due to insecurity.

6. OTHER ISSUES

Workshops/Training

A workshop on commodity tracking and food control systems commenced during the week. The workshop aims to equip WFP staff with skills on an improved system on comprehensive food control from when food is received in-country.

A workshop on gender programming commenced during the week. Participants include WFP, NGO and counterpart field staff. The workshop is the fourth in a series of five scheduled to take place before the end of the year.

A group of 80 women and 11 men attending the primary health care training in Gos es Salam IDP camp graduated during the week. WFP and the Sudanese Red Crescent (SRC) are targeting vulnerable persons among the IDP population for the skills training. WFP provides food incentives to the trainees during the course.

WFP field staff visited Akobo (Bieh State), Jonglei and Wanding (Latjor State), Upper Nile to explore the possibility of implementing food-for-seed exchanges in the near future.

Meetings

WFP staff participated in a meeting on the repatriation of IDPs from Bor County, Jonglei currently living in IDP camps in Eastern and Western Equatoria, on 16 November in Nairobi. At the meeting, the agencies present brainstormed over the services that have to be put in place in Bor County to attract the IDPs back to their home areas.

Visitors

During the reporting period, WFP staff in Lokichoggio briefed visiting journalists from Korea and The Netherlands on WFP operations in South Sudan. The Dutch journalists also joined a WFP plane to witness a food airdrop.

The WFP Sudan Bulletin is available on the WFP Website at http://www.wfp.org. For further information on WFP operations in Sudan, please contact the WFP Africa Bureau - Mr Ismat Fahmi, Programme Coordinator for Sudan: email Ismat.Fahmi@WFP.org. telephone 39 06 6513 2338; or Ms. Leslie Elliott, Reports Officer, e-mail: Jouko.Ala-Outinen@WFP.org. telephone 39 06 6513 2871. The address of WFP is Via Cesare Giulio Viola 68, Parco dei Medici, 00148 Rome, Italy.

Revised: 03 December 1999

©: 1999, World Food Programme. All rights reserved.