Sudan Acute Food Insecurity Situation (October - December 2017)
The October - December 2017 IPC Analysis for Sudan classified 18 states and 179 localities.
50 localities (62% of the total population) were classified in IPC Phase 1 (Minimal), given the acceptable levels of food consumption for most of the pupulations, availability of food for the diversity of sources of income, diversification of food sources and stability in livelihoods.
96 localities (29% of the total population) were classified in IPC Phase 2 (Stress) due to borderline food consumption in areas affected by droughts which have caused depletion of food stocks and have negatively affected food access for the poorest households.
33 localities (9% of the total population) are classified in IPC Phase 3 (Crisis), given poor food consumption due to depletion of household stocks and low food supply in the markets. The food security situation in these localities is negatively affected by the increasing flow of refugees from South Sudan, which is likely to increase the competition foravailable domestic food and lead to increase in food prices.
The mid-season report (Sep 2017) indicates that the agricultural season in most production areas is good. The area for cultivation of sorghum (until the end of September) is estimated to be 86% of the total targeted area, while the area cultivate by millet has increased to 21% of the target area due to early rain in some areas of millet production and the incentive price of millet.
Some Parts of North, South, West and Central Darfur, Kassala, Gedaref and North Kordofan have been affected by dry spells.
Despite the dry spells, there is a significant positive improvement in the vegetation cover in terms of density and distribution in most production areas, promising good production and rangeland in pastoral and agro pastoral areas, except some parts of Kassala and Gedaref.
Compared to the previous year (October 2016), the prices of Sorghum, millet and wheat increased by 10%, 33% and 37%, respectively. Livestock prices increased by more than 30% and there was also an increase in prices of animal products. Generally the increase in prices is due to the lean season, fluctuation of rainfall, poor pasture, conflicts, high inflation rates and devaluation. All these factors negatively affect the purchasing power of the most vulnerable groups.