Sudan: Acute Food Insecurity Situation, April 2018 and Projection for May-July 2018

Report
from Integrated Food Security Phase Classification
Published on 16 May 2018 View Original

In April 2018, 5.5 million people, 13% of the analyzed population, were estimated to be in Crisis and Emergency (IPC Phases 3 and 4) in Sudan and in need of urgent action. The estimate corresponds to an increase of 45% compared to the previous analysis occurred at the same period last year (2017).

In the projected period, from May to July 2018, people in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) and Emergency (IPC Phase 4) are expected to increase to up to 6 million which corresponds to 14% of the total population analyzed.

Darfur, where at least 2.1 million people are still displaced, accounts for about half of the population in Crisis and Emergency (IPC Phase 3 and 4). In North Darfur almost 1 million people are in IPC Phase 3 and 4. Two localities are in Emergency (IPC Phase 4), namely Tawila and Fashir. The highest prevalence of population in Crisis and Emergency (IPC Phase 3 and IPC Phase 4) are in the localities of Tawila, Malha, Mallet, Fasher, Kalemando in North Darfur, and the locality of El Daein in East Darfur.

In the current period, 13% of the households have large consumption gaps. In the projected period it is expected that households will face a reduction of number of meals or a shift to less nutritive food, which will negatively affect the nutrition status. Food insecurity is estimated to affect half of the refugee population.

A progressive erosion in livelihood assets and strategies generated a shift from agriculture to traditional mining and marginal occupations entailing migrations from rural to urban areas in some of affected Localities.