Sudan: 2017 Humanitarian Response Plan, January-December 2017
Summary of needs, targets & requirements
In 2017, an estimated 4.8 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance in Sudan. This represents a reduction of one million compared to 2016, attributed largely to a reduction in the number of people in need of food and livelihoods assistance compared to 2015, when the El Niño event impacted agricultural performance.
The 2017 HRP targets 4.06 million people. This decrease in people targeted compared to the 2016 HRP is a result of strict prioritisation based on vulnerability rather than status. The response will prioritise activities in the areas of most severe needs – both within and across sectors - as identified in the HNO. It will take into account the level of presence of partners in targeted areas, as well as the level of access in these areas. The response also prioritises the multi-sectoral outcomes underpinning the Multi-Year Humanitarian Strategy 2017-2019: providing timely assistance to those affected by new shocks (Outcome 1); meeting the basic needs of those affected by protracted displacement (Outcome 2); and improving nutrition and resilience for vulnerable populations (Outcome 3). The prioritisation also reflects the overall reduction of the number of people in need. At the same time, the number of refugees in need of assistance has increased due to new arrivals from South Sudan, and has grown further since the publication of the HNO.
The 2017 HRP appeal is US$804 million*, 17 per cent less than the 2016 appeal, reflecting the reduced targeted population and the common approach to prioritisation across sectors.
The Sudan Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) is rolling out a Multi-Year Humanitarian Strategy 2017 – 2019 (MYHS), which provides the overall framework for humanitarian activities in Sudan for the next three years, and is in line with the Government quarter century strategy and the Government third five-year plan, has guided the planning process that underpins this document. In order to retain the flexibility to respond to new emergencies and needs, and to adapt the response to changes in the operational environment and capacity, the three year strategy will be complemented with annual operational plans. This Humanitarian Response Plan for 2017 presents operational details and funding requests for the first year of humanitarian activities carried out under the MYHS. In order to address the needs identified in the 2017 Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO), this HRP is built on the common response analysis, planning assumptions and response planning, and prioritization by humanitarian partners in Sudan. The scope of the plan is in line with the severity of needs identified in the HNO, in which 4.8 million people have been identified as in need of assistance, of whom 4.06 million will be targeted. Sector outputs feed directly into the three year results
The 2017 Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) provides the operational details for the first year of the implementation of the Multi-Year Humanitarian Strategy (MYHS). It presents the 2017 activities and financial requirements for coordinated humanitarian assistance for each of the three outcomes, as well as the sector-specific operational plans. Guided by the overall strategy, in 2017, humanitarian partners will work to improve monitoring systems, coordination mechanisms and information management and sharing, in order to gradually progress towards the agreed outcomes. Capacity building of local actors will also contribute to sustainability of progress towards the outcomes. The MYHS is built on a strong commitment to continuous review, adaptation and collective learning in the shift from annual to multi-year planning.
Underpinning the 2017 HRP is the commitment to expand the scope and scale of integrated and multi-sectoral strategies which were initiated in 2016 to better serve people in need: Protracted Displacement, Nutrition, and Refugees. Further enhanced by the MYHS is also the commitment of humanitarian partners to link humanitarian and development programming as relevant and feasible. Special focus will be placed on using innovative approaches, in particular cash transfer programmes.
The planning assumptions that have driven the move to a multi-year approach to humanitarian planning and programming as published in the strategy remain valid. In 2017, humanitarian partners anticipate to support 3.6 million people with food and livelihood assistance; 1.5 million vulnerable boys, girls, and pregnant and lactating women with a comprehensive package of preventive and curative assistance; and an estimated 180,000 South Sudanese refugees. It is anticipated that localised conflict may displace 40,000 to 50,000 people, in addition to an expected 180,000 people who may be affected by floods. Areas that are becoming accessible due to the revised Government Directives on humanitarian action will also increase the number of people to be targeted for humanitarian assistance.