Special report of the Secretary-General and the Chairperson of the African Union Commission on the African Union United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur (S/2016/510) [EN/AR]


I. Introduction

1 . In Security Council resolution 2228 (2015) of 29 June 2015 and the communiqués of the Peace and Security Council of the African Union of 22 June 2015 (516th meeting) and 31 July 2015 (529th meeting), the two Councils extended the mandate of the African Union-United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID) for a period of 12 months and reiterated their endorsement of the mission and reiterated their endorsement of the mission’s revised strategic priorities, as set out in paragraph 4 of Security Council resolution 2148 (2014), namely: (a) mediation between the Government of the Sudan and non-signatory movements on the basis of the Doha Document for Peace in Darfur, while taking into account the ongoing democratic transformation at the national level; (b) the protection of civilians, the facilitation of the delivery of humanitarian assistance and the safety and security of humanitarian personnel; and (c) support for the mediation of community conflict, including through measures to address its root causes, in conjunction with the United Nations country team. The two Councils further stressed that any refinement of UNAMID should be based on progress against the benchmarks as set out in the report of the Secretary-General of 16 October 2012 (S/2012/771) and subsequently refined in his reports of 25 February 2014 (S/2014/138) and 15 April 2014 (S/2014/279, annex).

2 . The present report presents the outcome of an assessment of the situation in Darfur and progress made towards the implementation of the benchmarks for the period from 1 July 2015 to 15 May 2016. The assessment was conducted jointly by the African Union Commission, the Secretariat of the United Nations, the United Nations country team and UNAMID, and provides recommendations on the mission’s future mandate. The assessment was further informed by a troop-to-task analysis of military and police personnel, which presents recommendations on how to improve the operational effectiveness of UNAMID. Finally, the report provide s an update on the status of in tripartite discussions on the exit strategy of UNAMID between the African Union, the United Nations and the Government of the Sudan and makes recommendations on the way forward.