Sudan

Special report of the Secretary-General on the African Union-United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur (S/2015/163)

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I. Introduction

  1. In its resolution 2148 (2014), the Security Council endorsed the findings of the strategic review presented in my special report dated 25 February 2014 (S/2014/138). The review identified three strategic priorities for the African Union-United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID):

    (a) Mediation between the Government of the Sudan and non-signatory armed movements on the basis of the Doha Document for Peace in Darfur, while taking into account ongoing transformation at the national level;

    (b) The protection of civilians, the facilitation of the delivery of humanitarian assistance and the safety and security of humanitarian personnel;

    (c) The provision of support, in conjunction with the United Nations country team, to the mediation of community conflict, including through measures to address its root causes.

  2. The review also identified the three main challenges that were impeding the effective discharge of the mission’s mandate, namely:

    (a) The cooperation and partnership of the Government in mandate implementation;

    (b) Major shortfalls in several troop- and police-contingent capabilities;

    (c) The need for improved coordination and integration structures within the mission and between the mission and the United Nations country team.

  3. The present report is submitted pursuant to paragraph 7 of Security Council resolution 2173 (2014), by which the Council requested me, in close cooperation with the African Union, to conduct an analysis of the implementation of the review of UNAMID, including specific achievements reached under the revised strategic priorities, progress in addressing the challenges facing the mission, as identified by the review, any significant developments in the situation in Darfur and their impact on the mission’s mandate and tasks, and a road map to transfer to the United Nations country team those tasks where it had a comparative advantage, taking into account the contributions of donors and other relevant actors. In addition, the present report provides recommendations on the future mandate, composition, configuration and exit strategy of UNAMID and on the mission’s relationship with other United Nations actors in Darfur and the Sudan.