Sudan

South Sudan: Annual Needs and Livelihoods Analysis - January 2011

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Executive Summary

The findings of the 2010/11 Annual Needs and Livelihood Analysis (ANLA) indicate an improvement in food security compared to 2009. About 9.7% of the population will be severely food insecure compared to 21% in 2009. This severely food insecure is the segment of the population that is generally unable to meet their food and non-food needs from April onwards and would require unconditional humanitarian food and non-food transfers. The moderately food insecure category, generally able to meet their food needs unless there is a major shock, is estimated at 26% compared to 32% in 2009. They will require targeted conditional livelihood transfers, which include seeds, tools, training and income generation activities.

The food consumption score has improved markedly for most households and the number of households using distress or high-level coping strategies has declined. However, there is a continual reliance on unreliable and unsustainable income sources such as sale of firewood, building poles, which has direct consequences on the environment and also undermines other non-timber forest resources such as gum acacia and honey, which are potential income sources. Overall there was no significant difference in the consumption of cereals between the food consumption groups but the consumption of both animal and plant-based protein among the food consumption groups is clearly different. This is an indication of the need not only to pay attention to increasing food production but also the diversification of food base to ensure nutritionally adequate consumption.

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