Food security remains stable despite slightly lower than the normal Jibraka harvests
Jibraka harvests in the SPLM-N controlled area of South Kordofan have ended and farmers are now concentrating on far farms. In Blue Nile, harvesting in far farms will start in December and extend until February 2020. According to the November Secretariat of Agriculture (SoA) pre-harvest assessment report, poor harvests were experienced in Thobo, Western Kadugli and Delami Counties of South Kordofan as a result of heavy rain and floods. In addition to floods, pests and diseases were the causes of lower near farm harvests in Yabus and Komo Ganza Payams of Blue Nile region. As a result, households are dependent on fish from stagnant water of the October floods that became breeding grounds for fish. Fish is for both consumption and additional cash income. At the time of reporting, part of the remaining food relief from Maban to vulnerable communities in Wadaka had not yet been delivered due to logistical challenges related to recent flooding.
As the dry season begins, communities mainly in Wadaka and Yabus Payams have resorted to gold mining in exchange for food and other products.
Markets resumed to full operation after the rainy season, but with high influx of returnees, prices of basic food commodities in Delami and Western Kadugli Counties have increased. For example, the price for sorghum as the main staple food is currently between 40 and 60 SDG compared to same time last year when the price of sorghum was between 40 and 60 SDG.
According to the latest FSMU quarterly report, “Despite a slightly below normal harvest, moderate and severe hunger decreased in every monitoring area compared to the same season in October 2018. This was reflected in the total population suffering from severe hunger, which reduced from 52,420 in July 2019 to 15,562 in October 2019”.