Agenda item 4
The report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Sudan, Ms. Sima Samar, is submitted pursuant to Human Rights Council Resolution 9/17, in which the Council decided to extend for six months the mandate of the Special Rapporteur, in accordance with the Commission on Human Rights resolution 2005/82 and Council resolutions 6/34 and 6/35, and 7/16. The present report updates the previous one (A/HRC/9/13) and covers the period from August 2008 to May 2009.
1. In resolution 2005/82, the Commission on Human Rights established the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Sudan (Special Rapporteur), and requested her to monitor the human rights situation in the Sudan and report to the Commission (now Human Rights Council) and General Assembly.
2. In resolution 6/34, the Council extended the Special Rapporteur mandate for one year, and requested the expert to ensure effective follow-up and foster implementation of the remaining short and medium term recommendations identified in the first report of the Group of Experts on Darfur (GED) (5/6) through an open and constructive dialogue with the Government of the Sudan.
3. In resolution 7/16, the Council expressed particular concern that perpetrators of past and ongoing serious violations of human rights and international humanitarian law (IHL) had not yet been held accountable for their crimes and urged the Government to address urgently this question by thoroughly investigating all allegations, and promptly bringing perpetrators to justice. In resolution 9/17, the Council extended the Special Rapporteur mandate until June 2009. She was also requested to follow-up and foster implementation of the remaining GED recommendations, which is detailed in the Addendum to this report.
4. This report covers the period August 2008 to May 2009 and provides updates to the previous report presented to the ninth session of the Council in September 2008 (A/HRC/9/13). It covers northern Sudan, Darfur, the Transitional Areas and Southern Sudan. The report is based on information and reports received by the Special Rapporteur during her visit to Sudan (25 May to 5 June 2009) from the Government, human rights defenders, victims of human rights violations, and UN system.
5. The Government accepted an initial request for a country visit from 25 February to 11 March 2009. Travel of UN missions to Sudan during that period was postponed on the advice of the United Nations Department of Safety and Security, in anticipation of the 4 March 2009 decision of the International Criminal Court (ICC). In its note to the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) on 14 April 2009, the Government noted that the Special Rapporteur's second request for a visit from 8 to 22 April 2009 had to be postponed since the dates were not suitable to the authorities. The Special Rapporteur requested 25 May to 5 June 2009 as the last set of dates to discharge her mandate, which was accepted.
6. The Special Rapporteur thanks the Government of National Unity (GoNU), Government of Southern Sudan, UNMIS and UNAMID for their cooperation to facilitate her visit. She commends human rights defenders, in particular, and all other actors involved in promoting and protecting human rights, and in providing humanitarian assistance to people in need.