- The pextended the mandate of the African Union-United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMIresent report is submitted pursuant to Security Council resolution 2363 (2017), by which the Council D) until 30 June 2018 and requested me to report, every 60 days, on its implementation. The report provides an update on and analysis of the conflict, the political situation and the operational environment in Darfur and the main challenges to the effective implementation of the mandate, including violations of the status-of-forces agreement, for the period from 15 August until 15 October 2017. It also presents the steps taken by UNAMID towards achieving its benchmarks and provides an update on progress in the implementation of the recommendations contained in the special report of the Chairperson of the African Union Commission and the Secretary-General of the United Nations on the strategic review of UNAMID (S/2017/437).
II. Conflict analysis
- While there were no open confrontations between the forces of the Government of the Sudan and Darfur armed groups during the period under review, the arms collection campaign launched by the Government brought to the fore tensions involving the tribal militias formerly allied with the Government, and resulted in shifting alliances among various groups. Meanwhile, intercommunal clashes and hostilities continued, many of them attributable to unresolved disputes over land management and ownership, notwithstanding the reconciliation efforts led by local authorities with the support of UNAMID and the United Nations country team. The implementation of the Doha Document for Peace in Darfur, aimed at addressing such outstanding issues, remained slow, constrained by the lack of presence, capacity and resources on the ground of the remaining commissions and fund of the Doha Document. No large-scale return of internally displaced persons took place, and the overall humanitarian situation remained unchanged, with no significant displacements reported.