The high levels of cereal and livestock prices have a negative effect on access to food for poor households, exacerbating their food insecurity situation. Nominal wheat price has reached or exceeded the highest levels observed in 2008.
In North Sudan some 4 million people are estimated to be food insecure while in South Sudan, people in need of food assistance range between 1.4 to 2.7 million depending on post-referendum developments.
The country is still faced with violence and civil insecurity with some 2 million IDPs in Darfur facing high levels of hunger.
The Government is assisting the population with food and cash distributions targeted to the poorest; however it has also eliminated subsidies on fuel and sugar and imposed import duties.