Sudan + 1 more

Presidents of Sudan and Uganda Take Steps To Restore Diplomatic Relations, Cease Rebel Support

Originally published
For Immediate Release: Wednesday, Dec. 8, 1999
Contact: Deanna Congileo, Wednesday, Dec. 8, 1999
Windsor Golf and Country Club, Phone: 254 2 862300
NAIROBI, KENYA...Uganda President Yoweri Museveni and Sudan President Omar al-Bashir today agreed to take steps to re-establish diplomatic relations and to promote peace in the region.

This agreement complements the IGAD peace process in Sudan chaired by Kenya President Daniel arap Moi.

The two leaders signed an agreement today at the state house in Nairobi following discussions mediated by former U.S. President Jimmy Carter and organized by the Conflict Resolution Program of the Atlanta-based Carter Center. President Moi joined President Carter to witness the signing.

"President al-Bashir and President Museveni have taken an important step to restoring diplomatic relations and encouraging peace in their countries and in all of East Africa," said President Carter.

Among their pledges in the 11-point document, the two leaders agreed to:

  • renounce the use of force to resolve differences;
  • disband and disarm terrorist groups;
  • respect each country's sovereignty and territorial integrity;
  • cease support to any rebel groups;
  • return all prisoners of war to their respective nations;
  • locate and return abductees to their families; and
  • offer amnesty and reintegration assistance to all former combatants who renounce the use of force.
The agreement calls for formation of a Joint Ministerial Committee and technical support teams to establish a timetable of specific steps to implement the agreement.

The Carter Center and President Carter have worked for many years to promote peace and health in Africa, with a strong interest in East Africa. President al-Bashir and President Museveni invited President Carter last spring to facilitate their discussions on improving bilateral relations between their two countries. Subsequently, the Carter Center's Conflict Resolution Program worked for several months with high-level representatives of each government to begin to define an agenda for discussions this week.

The Center Center is a nongovernmental organization that promotes peace and health worldwide. Its Conflict Resolution Program has been instrumental in advancing peace processes in Bosnia, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Liberia, North Korea, and Sudan. Most recently, the Center sent a 50-person team to observe the Dec. 3-5 national election in Mozambique.

The text of the agreement signed today is attached.


In order to enhance relations between our two countries and to promote peace in the region, we make the following commitments:

Each of us will respect the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the other, in accordance with the charters of the United Nations and the Organization for African Unity.

We renounce the use of force to resolve differences, and will take steps to prevent any hostile actions against each other.

We will make every effort to disband and disarm terrorist groups and to prevent any acts of terrorism or hostile actions that might originate in our territory that might endanger the security of the other nation.

We agree not to harbor, sponsor, or give military or logistical support to any rebel groups, opposition groups, or hostile elements from each others' territories.

We will join in a common effort to promote regional peace, both on our own initiative and in full support and in no way to prejudice or interfere with IGAD's role in bringing an end to the civil war in Sudan.

We will refrain from hostile and negative propaganda campaigns against each other.

We will return all prisoners of war to their respective nations.

We especially condemn any abuse or injury of innocent citizens, and will make a special effort to locate any abductees, especially children, who have been abducted in the past and return them to their families. All information about such cases will be shared with The Carter Center, UNICEF, and other international organizations and we will cooperate fully in the search and rescue of these victims, beginning immediately with those who can be identified.

We will honor international laws governing refugees, NGO activities, and cross-border transportation, and facilitate the return or resettlement of refugees in accordance with UNHCR regulations.

We will offer amnesty and reintegration assistance to all former combatants who renounce the use of force.

If all other terms of this agreement are honored satisfactorily, we desire to reestablish normal relations between our two countries. Within a month of this date, we will open offices in both capital cities and assign junior diplomatic personnel for service. By the end of February, 2000, ambassadors will be exchanged and full diplomatic relations restored.
In order to implement this agreement, designated members of our contact groups will act as an interim committee. As soon as practical, a joint ministerial committee will be established with at least three sub-committees, to deal with political, security, and humanitarian issues.

We understand that, when requested, The Carter Center will publicize this agreement and continue to play a role in its implementation.

President, ________________________ Republic of Uganda

President, __________________________ Republic of Sudan

Witnessed by
Former U.S. President, Chair, The Carter Center

President, Republic of Kenya

Ali Abdulrahman al-Numeiri, State Minister of For. Affairs
Amb. Mahdi Ibrahim
Hassan Abdalwahab
Amb Omer Yousif Bireedo
Yahia Hussein Babiker
Abdel Karim Abdallah
Brig. Gen. Yassin Arabi Mohammed
Mutrif Siddiq Ali

Ruhakana Rugunda, Min. in charge of Presidency
James Wapakhabulo
Amama Mbabazi
Ali Kirunda Kivejinja
Chango Machyo
Busho Ndinyenka
Amb. Khalid Younis Kinene
Ms. Zam Zam Nagujja