During the reporting period, due to the state of emergency in Sudan, air activities in the northern sector were interrupted for one day.
Following the state of emergency declared by the president of Sudan last week, WFP scaled down all activities in Sudan. This included a constriction in WFP air operations over the reporting period due to the state of emergency in Sudan. Plans are underway to prepare for activities in the year 2000.
During the reporting period, four C-130 Hercules and two Buffalo aircraft continued to deliver food aid from Lokichokio, and one C-130 aircraft operated out of Khartoum/El Obeid.
A total of 180 MT of food was delivered by air from the northern sector to various locations in Sudan, a decrease of 71%. The decrease was due to a combination of the absence of the Illushyn aircraft, which is undergoing maintenance in Russia, the halt of all commercial flights, and the reduction of WFP airlifts during the week. Food was delivered by airdrop to Ajak Kuac (36 MT), Kiriel (18 MT), Nyamlell (36 MT), Peth (36 MT) and Wuncum (54 MT).
Barge operations are to resume during the month with the Juba 14 convoy. Clearances have been obtained from the various authorities and a security assessment of the locations will commence during the next reporting period. Operations shall begin once security assessments are concluded.
On 15 December 1999, WFP distributed voluntary guidelines to NGOs, counterparts and commercial contractors regarding road transportation in the Southern Sector of OLS, providing practical advice on axle load restrictions and driving behaviour so as to minimize road damage.
A total of 143 MT of mixed commodities were delivered by road by WFP during the week. These deliveries included 71 MT of food delivered to Rubkona from El Obeid for prepositioning. The first consignment has arrived in Rubkona through Bentiu. Food amounting to 72 MT was also delivered to Kassala from Port Sudan.
On 13 December 1999 Lankien declared security level three but returned to security level two.
The OLS Security Officer over-flew the tracks as far north as Malual and did not spot any trains.
On 16 December 1999 security level three was declared in Motot.
During the reporting period, fighting was reported in Waat and OLS staff were evacuated to Tangyang.
On 17 December 1999 Waat was reported to have fallen. The location declared security level four while Motot, Tangyang and Walgak were placed at security level three. All OLS staff were moved out of these locations with the exception of three NGO staff still in Tangyang. Arrangements are being made to pull them out.
On 18 December 1999 reports received from Longochok indicated that fighting in the area is expected to continue for some time.
On 19 December 1999 Natinga was declared red-no go after an engineering firm working on the road from New Cush to Natinga encountered a road block by armed soldiers in Natinga (same location where some WFP staff had been held). The convoy was allowed to pass.
On-going meetings were held during the reporting period between WFP, Catholic Relief Services (CRS), OLS security, UNICEF/OLS and local counterparts to discuss how best to implement humanitarian interventions in the New Cush, Kiklai and Lotukei areas of Kapoeta County, Eastern Equatoria given the persistent insecurity and continued vulnerability of communities there. At those meetings, it was confirmed that CRS will cover food needs in New Cush and WFP in Kiklai and Lotukai, though insecurity in the Natinga area is preventing any food dispatches to the area.
The security situation in Upper Nile continued to deteriorate with fighting reported in Longochok and in the area of Lankien.
A rapid security assessment exercise in Bor found that the security situation in the area had deteriorated and was highly unstable in comparison to the period of the OLS assessment mission. Many persons were displaced to Malakal or Khartoum due to insecurity. Visitors to Bor town are mostly women travelling in large groups to sell their produce.
DELIVERIES, DISTRIBUTIONS & INTERVENTIONS
During the reporting period, a total of 231,431 targeted beneficiaries received WFP food aid in 22 locations across the Southern Sector of OLS in eight locations in Bahr Al Ghazal (Mangar Angui, Marial Bai, Nyamlell, Mangok, Abirui, Alongdior, Duony, Malek) and in two locations in Upper Nile (Mabior, Lual) and in ten locations in Equatoria (Lolim, Loyakali, Napotpot, Kaalok, Kaludo, Nalial, Kachalakeny, Kachalaka, Nakodo, Narus).
During the reporting period, UNICEF delivered 0.75 MT of UNIMIX to Kapoeta and 20 cartons of washing soap to Torit and Lafone.
UNICEF delivered 200 kg of essential drugs to Kaka and Akoka dispensaries for 5400 beneficiaries.
During the reporting period, WFP in conjunction with DAWA, CARE, and the Ministry of Education released 445 MT of WFP food to 28,839 beneficiaries in Bahr Al Ghazal. General food distribution for registered IDPs in Wau and Eastern Bank is ongoing and expected to conclude next week.
To date IDP beneficiaries totaling 26,616, comprising 15,970 women, and 10,646 men received 430 MT of mixed food commodities in Bahr Al Ghazal. A total of 15 MT of food was distributed as emergency school feeding and selective feeding programmes, which reached 969 girls and 496 boys, as well as 455 nursing women and 303 vulnerable men.
During the reporting period, 77 MT of food was released to 7,161 beneficiaries in Juba town. Distributions were implemented by WFP partner NGOs Action Contre la Faim (ACF), GLRA, Sudan Aid, OXFAM, Norwegian Church Aid (NCA), Islamic African Relief Agency (IARA), Global Health Foundation (GHF)/MDI and El Bir. The beneficiaries were made up of 324 refugees, 350 vulnerables in therapeutic feeding centres, 1,417 Tuberculosis (TB) inpatients, 1,036 disabled persons and 4,038 IDPs.
During the reporting period, UNICEF supplied State Ministry of Agriculture (SMOA)/BJS and farmers at Kassaba village in Juba with 1200 gms of vegetable seeds.
Due to the shortage in firewood and water in the Unicef feeding centres in Upper Nile, dry rations are now being provided instead of customary wet feeding.
Nutrition & Household Food Security
A meeting of the Nutrition and Health Committee chaired by Unicef and of which WFP is a member in Upper Nile, was held during the week to review work in progress. The committee agreed to give the nutritional and health status in Upper Nile priority.
During the reporting period, UNICEF assisted in the vaccination of 2,498 head of cattle in Lafone.
During the reporting period, UNICEF participated in EPI in Nasir and Bentiu to boost immunization activities especially for women, and children below the age of five years.
A UNICEF/NGOs Health Nutrition Coordinating meeting was held on 16 December 1999 to asses the progress of work in Malakal health clinics and to jointly plan for regular monitoring of the activities to ensure the smooth flow of work for the benefit of the targeted population.
Goal have been given the go-ahead to introduce a charge for medicines as a step towards a cost recovery programme for restorative drugs in Upper Nile. The charges are to form the basis of a revolving fund that will be audited quarterly.
Water & Sanitation
During the reporting period, UNICEF constructed three latrines, one hand pump and rehabilitated another hand pump thus assisting 250 beneficiaries in Juba.
UNICEF WES held training on hygiene education in Bor for 25 participants. UNICEF also maintained 18 handpumps, drilled one new borehole and constructed 2 household latrines in Wau.
Awareness and Public Education
During the reporting period, according to El Sabah Hospital communicable diseases report in Juba; 293 cases of malaria with one death, two cases of acute GE with no death and one ARI case with one death were registered.
UNICEF in collaboration with SMOH conducted a five-day Training of Trainee (TOT) course in Malakal to upgrade the skills and knowledge of counterparts on basic nutrition. 30 participants including SMOH and NGOs attended the training.
On 13 December 1999, the celebration of the International Children's Broadcasting Day took place in Wau. The celebration was organized by children who presented seven questions to political leaders about war, health, and educational problems. The children also presented four dramas; two on peace and two on public health.
On 14 December 1999, UNICEF started the training of supervisors of CAHW.
During the reporting period, UNICEF released 16 PHC kits to SMOH/BJ to benefit 7,272 flood-affected persons in Juba.
An assessment in Kapoeta revealed that as the harvest has commenced, no acute food shortages were visible. An airdrop scheduled to deliver food to Kapoeta was therefore cancelled.
The outflow of people from Wau for purposes of family reunion during the festive season continued this week, although the rate of movement has dropped to lower than figures reported last week.
A rapid-assessment mission to Bor carried out last week returned to Malakal during the reporting period. The mission objective was to assess the current food security situation in Bor town and the surrounding areas. Findings suggest that the majority of people in Bor town and its surroundings are meeting the required calorific requirement through consumption of grains, wild fruits, fish and meat. The improved food security situation has been attributed to the relaxation in restrictions imposed by Security, enabling movement of goods and people. However, the situation is expected to change next month due to the depletion of grain stocks in villages, leaving people with no option but to purchase food at expensive market prices. Recommendations therefore include close monitoring of both the food and security situations in Bor and food intervention at 50 % ration for the month of January 2000. Cooperation with LRC and the beneficiary community in identifying the most vulnerable persons is also advocated.
WFP Juba sub office participated in a nutritional survey conducted in Equatoria. The survey was organized by ACF. Results are expected in the near future.
Headcount registration in five villages north of Kassala in Hamash Koreib province resulted in the registration of 1,767 beneficiaries in Bashmeet, Kangor, Tahanger, Tawayeet and Jamam. Food economy assessment analysis indicates a food deficit of 30 % amongst IDPs. The average food security situation, however, is not considered critical.
A post distribution monitoring exercise was carried out in Fedayeeb IDP camp, using SRC volunteers, most of whom were women. Women volunteers working as trainers in the Women Knocking on Women's Door project completed an exercise in training evaluation techniques. A training evaluation procedure was to take place during the reporting period, but has been rescheduled to next week due to the state of emergency.
INTERNALLY DISPLACED PERSONS
During the reporting period, UNICEF funded Norwegian Church Aid (NCA) for construction of classrooms in the IDP camps in Wau.
General distributions for IDPs at seven camps in Kassala were revised to accommodate other urgent activities before the close of the year. A distribution was carried out during the week at Fatu camp, which is the closest camp to Kassala town.
OTHER OLS ISSUES
The NGO/UNHCU weekly Security Meeting was held on 13 December 1999 at the UNHCU.
The Technical Committee on Humanitarian Assistance (TCHA) on Sudan meeting was held in Geneva from 14 - 15 December 1999.
The International Advisory Committee Meeting was held in Geneva on 17 December 1999.