Operation Lifeline Sudan Weekly Report: 12 Dec 1999

Access Issues
Air Operations

During the week, 651 MT of food was delivered by air from north sector locations, a decrease of 46% over the previous week. The decrease was due to the interruption of activities for two days due to lack of jet fuel. The operations of WFP-contracted commercial carriers were also interrupted for the same reason. Food was delivered to Baar (180 MT), Malual Bai (72 MT), Gok Machar (36 MT), Adet (54 MT), Akak (54 MT), Mangar Angui (36 MT), Amou (18 MT), Majakliet (18 MT) in southern sector and airlifted to Wau (183 MT) in northern sector.

During the reporting period four C-130 Hercules and two Buffalo aircraft delivered food aid out of Lokichokio, and one C-130 Hercules and one Ilyushin-76 operated out of El Obeid and Khartoum respectively. A number of airstrips were recently opened - three in Aweil West County, one in Gogrial County and two in Twic County, Bahr Al Ghazal, as well as two in Western Upper Nile - thereby helping to decentralize operations in these counties and reduce walking distances to distribution sites.


A WFP security assessment conducted in five settlements in southern amashkoreib province in Kassala indicated that the situation had improved enough for humanitarian activities to be carried out. Based on these findings, WFP is planning to conduct a food needs assessment in these areas. The presence of landmines hindered the assessment in several other locations in the northernparts of the province. Humanitarian agencies estimate that there are over 30,000 IDPs in Hamshkoreib who cannot be reached due to insecurity in the province. The IDPs were displaced by insecurity from villages near the border with Eritrea. The villages covered in the assessment are about 50 km from Kassala. However, the area is difficult to access since the Kassala-Port Sudan road is closed to UN agencies due to insecurity associated with rebel activity.

Insecurity linked to train movements between Wau and Aweil town in northern Bahr Al Ghazal continued to disrupt humanitarian operations in neighbouring locations.

The humanitarian situation in several locations in western Upper Nile continued to deteriorate due to prolonged insecurity and lack of access.

On 29 November it was reported that Baau and Bararud returned to security Level 2.

On 30 November it was reported that there is fighting Longochok.

On 2 December it was reported that three trains were spotted in Aweil while the tracks north of Wedweil were reported to be under water.

Reports received indicated that there was fighting between SPLA and the PDF near Wedweil on 26/27 November.


Food Distribution

During the week, WFP distributed 189 MT of food to 11,366 IDPs in Gulsa and Fedayeeb IDP camps in Kassala. The food distributions during the week were part of November rations for the beneficiaries.

WFP distributed 129 MT of food to 27,335 food insecure beneficiaries in Kapoeta. The food was delivered to Kapoeta by air from El Obeid.

During the reporting period, a total of 164,717 beneficiaries received WFP food aid in twelve locations across the Southern Sector of OLS.

According to reports from Southern Sector the following has been delivered:

Bahr Al Ghazal
Qty of Food in MTS
Malou Pec
Upper Nile
Qty of Food in MTS

Emergency Response

UNICEF delivered 950 kg of essential drugs to Bor, Pibor, Bentiu, Nasir, Maker, Magok and Ayod in Jonglei and Unity states targeting a population of 35,000 beneficiaries.

Nutrition & Household Food Security

An evaluation of food-for-work scheme implemented for a women's group in Malakal earlier this year showed that WFP support was instrumental in the success of the project. Targeting IDP women, particularly heads of household, the project supported the Lomerika women's Group to learn skills for income generating activities. With family rations provided by WFP, the 64 IDP women organized themselves to produce tie-and-dye fabrics, groundnut paste and handicrafts. These items were sold locally and the profit shared among group members, thereby augmenting their household incomes. The women's training is facilitated by Oxfam.

Immunization Campaign

During the reporting period, UNICEF delivered the vaccines required for the second round of EPI acceleration to Bor, south Jonglei. This will enable health personnel to immunize 24,996 children under one and 12,241 under five with the six antigens and women of childbearing age with Tetanus Toxoide.

Livestock Project

During the reporting period, UNICEF's fisheries consultant accompanied by government counterparts in Malakal carried out a visit to the displaced camps in the area to review fisheries activities. The aim of the review is to redirect future strategies and interventions.

Health Training

During the reporting period, UNICEF supported refresher training sessions, conducted by health visitor for village midwives and TBAs in Bor town and surrounding areas. The training aims to empower health cadres by updating their 10 - 15 years old skills and to adequately cater for the health needs of mothers and children.

Water & Sanitation

During the reporting period, UNICEF is supporting Norwegian Church Aid (NCA) in the construction of ten pit latrines in ECS and Marial Ajith.

UNICEF's WES programme in Jonglei State will provide construction material to the State Government, which bought new drilling equipment at their own cost. The initial use of the rig will be to drill 20 boreholes in 20 villages most of which are guinea worm endemic.

UNICEF's WES programme in Juba drilled one bore well and undertook the rehabilitation of two others. Also two hand pumps were maintained in Juba, two in Muniki and one in Kator Mahalia.

Awareness and Public Education

During the reporting period, UNICEF is supporting the Norwegian Church Aid (NCA) in the construction of classrooms in Wau's IDP schools. Construction of eight classrooms began in Baryar and Marial Ajith.

Also UNCIEF is collaborating with SCF-UK in conduction "Training of Trainers (TOT)" workshops for 37 teachers from Wau and other locations. Out of the 37 teachers, 21 are from Wau, 5 from Warrap, 4 from Raga and 7 from Aweil.

UNICEF's WES programme organized a Knowledge Attitude and Practices (KAP) training in Malakal between 24 - 26 November 1999. 22 persons from Malakal, Khor Fulus, New Fanjak, Nasir and Bor in Unity and Jonglei States participated in the workshop. The facilitators will travel to Renk to train 5 persons who were unable to attend the workshop in Malakal.

UNICEF also organized a TOT workshop that took place on 25 - 29 November 1999 for health educators at the locality level as part of a work plan in which similar training is conducted every 3 months.

A health education session was conducted in Juba targeting IDPs from Western Equatoria State. The participants included 20 men and 20 women.

Two workshops attended by a total of 37 WFP staff was completed during the week. The workshops introduced participants to WFP 's electronic system for commodity tracking and management. The system, entitled Commodity Movement Processing and Analysis System (COMPAS), was installed in Sudan in mid November. The system provides comprehensive information on food commodities from when are received in-country to the day they are distributed.


Two WFP staff returned to Bentiu on 29 November to resume food intervention activities. WFP subsequently conducted a beneficiary verification exercise, which indicated the presence of 10,735 WFP beneficiaries (out of a pre-fighting total of 16,000), with ration cards. Both host and IDP populations in Bentiu are experiencing food shortages, and are relying more heavily on wild foods. Reports from local authorities indicate a daily influx of about 10 persons into Bentiu. The influx is mainly from Nhialdhiu, Kuer Silik and Dorkhan. WFP staff reported an increase in malaria and diarrheal diseases due to deterioration of environmental sanitation following flooding. In response, CARE opened six outpatient health centres: 4 in Bentiu and 2 in Rubkona and is treating about 45 people a day.

Children in Especially Difficult Circumstances

During the reporting period, UNICEF reported that Sabah Children's Hospital reported 346 cases of Malaria, 305 of which are children under five and 26 cases of ARI.


During the reporting period, UNICEF provided 439 sickles for distribution to beneficiaries in Eastern Bank IDP camps as well as 80 sickles to CARE to distribute to beneficiaries of the rice projects in Eastern Bank.



Martin Dawes the Bureau Chief of the British Broadcasting Corporation, (BBC) Eastern Central Africa region visited Lokichokio on 1 December to talk OLS security on the security of humanitarian workers in southern Sudan. The BBC story which also covered Somalia, Burundi, Democratic republic of Congo east Timor and Kosovo will be aired for eight minutes on BBC World Service Television sometime in December.

The British Ambassador to Sudan visited lokichokio on 1 December and was briefed by OLS security and OLS agencies particularly those funded by the British Government. He was accompanied by Mr. Simon Mansfield of DFID. Ambassador Makepeace later traveled to Yambio to view UNICEF projects. He also visited Maridi with MSF Holland and later the UN veterinary progamme in Thiet.

Mr. Mansfield traveled to Udier in Upper Nile to visit MSF programmes there and to Malualkon with Tearfund.