Sudan

Malaria and VHF Outbreak in Darfur, Sudan, Situation Report No 13: 26 December - 17 January 2016

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Highlights

  • In Darfur, a total of 535 suspected Dengue fever (DF) cases including 99 deaths were reported in the period of 29th August to 15th January, 2016. Forty seven cases and zero deaths have been added to the line list over week no 52/2015, and week 01, and 02 in 2016 (with twenty new cases).

  • In Kordofan, a total of 46 suspected cases of DF with 4 deaths were reported in the period of 17th of October 2015 to 15th January, 2016. The last case was reported on 30th of December 2015. Ten localities are affected in North, West and South Kordofan. Six blood samples were found positive for DF (Two in South Kordofan, three in West Kordofan and one in North Kordofan). In addition, 3 positive samples for hepatitis E in Shiekan locality of North Kordofan.

  • In Kassala state, 7 suspected cases of DF were reported in the period 23rd November to 15th January 2016. The cases were reported in Kassala town. The last case was reported on 11th January 2016. Blood samples were taken from all the reported cases and revealed 4 DF positive by ELISA IgM.

  • Laboratory analysis of 117 samples collected from cases, done at the Central Public Health Laboratory in Khartoum revealed 33 positive for DF (6 positive for DF in Central Darfur, 24 positive for DF in West Darfur, 1 positive for DF in North Darfur and 2 positive for DF in South Darfur). There were also 8 samples positive for West Nile virus and 1 positive for Chikungunya.
    All the samples tested negative for Yellow fever, Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever (CCHF), and Rift Valley Fever.

  • From 108 samples collected from contacts, 24 tested positive for DF (2 in Central Darfur, 20 in West Darfur, and 1 in each of North and East Darfur) using ELISA IgM. Laboratory analysis also showed 1 positive sample for West Nile, and 3 positive for Chikungunya. All the samples tested negative for Yellow fever, CCHF, and Rift Valley Fever.