On 12-16 June, several immature and mature Southern Circuit swarms left western Darfur where it is still dry and moved east across central Sudan, first appearing in western and northern Kordofan, then crossing the Nile River and reaching the Gedaref area. There is a chance that a few swarms may have already reached or will shortly appear in the western lowlands in Eritrea. Intensive surveys are required in both countries. In West Africa, early rains continue to fall in parts of the Sahel. Small-scale breeding and control operations are underway near Tanout, Niger. Adult groups and perhaps a few small swarms are present in northenr Mali. Locust infestations have declined further in Northwest Africa.