InterAction Member Activity Report: Sudan

News and Press Release
Originally published

A Guide to Humanitarian and Development Efforts of InterAction Member Agencies in Sudan
April 2000

Produced by the Disaster Response Unit of InterAction ®
American Council for Voluntary International Action
1717 Massachusetts Avenue N.W. #701,
Washington D.C. 20036 phone (202)667-8227 fax (202) 667-8236

Table of Contents

Map of Sudan
Background Summary
Report Summary
Organizations by Sector Activity
Glossary of Acronyms

InterAction Member Activity Reports

American Red Cross
American Refugee Committee
Catholic Relief Services
Childreach - PLAN International
Church World Service
Concern Worldwide
International Rescue Committee
Lutheran World Relief
MAP International
Save the Children
US Fund for UNICEF
World Relief
World Vision

Map of Sudan

Map reprinted with permission of University of Texas

Background Summary

The Republic of Sudan, since its independence in January 1956, has yet to experience any resemblance of long-lasting peace. A series of military dictatorships and coups has contributed to the world’s longest-running civil war and its extraordinary death toll. Conservative estimates calculate the death toll at 1.9 million with an additional 2.0 million people internally displaced.

The source of this friction comes from the two distinctly different cultures that comprise the country. The 18 million Arabs, who live primarily in the north, control the government and follow Islamic tradition. The roughly five million black Africans who habitate the south follow more Christian and indigenous beliefs. The strife between the two groups arises on a series of fronts: religious practice, economic position, and the southern desire for regional autonomy.

While the conflict between the two cultures remains longstanding, the most recent chapter in the civil war has seen the Sudanese government and forces supported by it repeatedly invading and burning villages sympathetic to southern views. This "scorched-earth" policy in combination with several years of drought and the continuing civil war have led almost two million southern Sudanese to seek refuge in the Sudanese cities of Juba and Khartoum and in Ethiopia.

Sudan experienced a brief interlude of peace in 1988 and 1989 as negotiations were held between the government and the Sudanese People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) the southern counterpart to the northern military; however, a military coup led by General Omar Hassan Ahmad al-Bashir took control of the Sudanese government, banned all political parties in the country, and ended negotiations.

Since that time the SPLA has continued to fight for southern autonomy but the southerners comprise at least three separate factions. These factions periodically clash and consequently reduce the southerners impact as a military force.

To further complicate the matter, vast oil fields have been discovered in central Sudan and now the fighting between the northern Arabs and the southern blacks is not simply for regional autonomy but for control of these lucrative fields. Any future peace negotiations will have to address control of these oil fields, future government for the south, and the relation between church and state.

In recent months, several relief organizations have been forced to cease their operations and withdraw from southern Sudan for their refusal to sign SPLA leader John Garang’s "memorandum of understanding" (MOU). Essentially the MOU would bind foreign agencies working in the area to recognize and work with local organizations. By doing this, many relief agencies such as World Vision and CARE feared losing their neutrality and impartiality. The SPLA has threatened to expel relief workers whose agencies refuse to sign the MOU thus making a difficult situation all the more difficult. The intent behind the MOU is in question. Some organizations see it as a southern Sudan tactic to acquire respect from the international community. Others view it as the SPLA’s attempt to establish itself as a "de facto government" by forcing international aid organizations to recognize its sovereignty over the area. Whatever the case, the humanitarian assistance community is divided over what its response should be.

The human toll in this protracted civil war has prompted many InterAction members to call on the US government to make the pursuit of a just peace in the Sudan its most prominent foreign policy objective there. Nevertheless the war continues and a massive relief effort is still required to ease the plight of those touched by its effects

Report Summary

This guide offers international agencies, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), the media and the public an overview of the humanitarian assistance being provided to the people of Sudan by InterAction member agencies.

Ten InterAction member organizations currently conduct relief and development operations in the Sudan. Eight sector areas are addressed in programming including agriculture and food production, disaster and emergency relief, education/training, health care, human rights and conflict resolution, rural development, landmine awareness and partnership, and capacity building.

These humanitarian activities in the Sudan take place in several locations including, but not limited to, the northern Nile regions, the Nuba Mountains and the Kajo Keji, Tambura, Bor, Maridi, Ikotos, Kassala and Bahr el Ghazal counties.

The NGOs in this report have presented various objectives for their projects in the Sudan. Many of them deal with addressing the needs of the war-affected and internally displaced peoples through the establishment of camps. Other common themes among program objectives include: addressing health care needs, the establishment of consistent food sources, business and community development, etc.

Several NGOs work through the support of or in coordination with local and international partners. Some of the organizations mentioned are: UNICEF, USAID, the Bureau of Population, Refugee and Migration Affairs of the State Department, the European Union, the Ethiopian and Eritrean Ministries of Health, the British government, the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank.

Organizations by Sector Activity

Agriculture and Food Production

Catholic Relief Services
Save the Children
World Vision

Disaster and Emergency Relief

American Refugee Committee
Church World Service
Concern Worldwide
International Rescue Committee
Lutheran World Relief
Save the Children
World Relief
World Vision

Education Training

American Refugee Committee
Catholic Relief Services

Health Care

American Red Cross
American Refugee Committee
Childreach-PLAN International
International Rescue Committee
MAP International
World Relief
World Vision

Rural Development

Catholic Relief Services
MAP International
Save the Children

Human Rights and Conflict Resolution

International Rescue Committee
World Vision

Glossary of Acronyms


InterAction Members

ARC : American Refugee Committee

CRS: Catholic Relief Services

IRC: International Rescue Committee

LWR: Lutheran World Relief

WR: World Relief

WV: World Vision

Other Acronyms

CHW: Community Health Worker

IDP: Internally Displaced Person

MOU: Memorandum of Understanding

NGO: Non-governmental Organization

SPLA: Sudanese People’s Liberation Army

UNHCR: United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

UNICEF: United Nations Children’s Fund

USAID: United States Agency for International Development

WHO: World Health Organization

American Red Cross/American Red Cross in Sudan

The American Red Cross works in partnership with the Sudan Red Crescent Society to improve health in Sudan. In particular, the American Red Cross works to reduce under-5 morbidity and mortality in the Northern Nile area. The American Red Cross program is funded by general public contributions and works with partnership with the Ministry of Health

American Refugee Committee

Sudan Office & Contacts

Paulette & Dave Hassell
Country Directors
Tel: 256 41 230 837 or 271 620
Fax: 256 41 230 946
Cell: 256 75 726 888
Home: 256 41 266 888

US Office & Contact

Amy Jo Versolato
International Programs Assistant
American Refugee Committee
2344 Nicollet Avenue South, Suite 350
Minneapolis, MN 55404
Tel: 612 872 7060 or 800 875 7060

Introduction to the American Refugee Committee

The American Refugee Committee (ARC) works for the survival, health and well-being of refugees, displaced persons, and those at risk, and seeks to enable them to rebuild productive lives of dignity and purpose, striving always to respect the values of those served. ARC is an international non-profit, non-sectarian organization which has provided multisectoral humanitarian assistance and training to hundreds of thousands of beneficiaries for over twenty years.

American Refugee Committee in Sudan

ARC’s goals in Sudan are to improve the health status of the residents and displaced people of Kajo Keji County in southern Sudan. ARC accomplishes this through the provision of primary health care services and training, with a focus on women and children (including emergency health services), and by establishing community mechanisms and strategies for the transition from emergency relief to self-sufficiency and development.

ARC has been in operation in Kajo Keji County since 1994, providing an integrated program of primary health care (PHC), and water, environmental health, and sanitation (WES) assistance under majority funding from OFDA. ARC currently supports 11 Primary Health Care Units and 2 Primary Health Care Centers, all of which are staffed by local Sudanese trained by ARC. The area of service covered by ARC includes three Payams (districts) and three IDP camps. There are approximately 111,962 people living within ARC serviced areas (as of November 1999). There are areas of Kajo Keji that are still too far removed from good access to primary health care, and/or adequate water supply. Many of these locations are areas where small numbers of refugee returnees are beginning to resettle. In the two remaining Payams of Kajo Keji not serviced by ARC due to security reasons, a local NGO, the Sudanese Health Association (SUHA) is delivering primary health care services. SUHA is committed to providing these services, but it is operating with very few resources. ARC views support for SUHA as a critical element.

Capacity building and support will continue to underscore all project work in all sectors. This will include a focus on improving the skill levels of local health and water/sanitation workers, and the quality of services they provide to the target populations. Further, ARC is working to strengthen these basic social service systems in Kajo Keji County and Nimule Payam (Torit County) in an effort to create an environment conducive to the voluntary repatriation of Sudanese Refugees from Uganda.

During June 1999, ARC provided an emergency intervention in Nimule Payam, Torit County (East of Kajo Keji) to contain an outbreak of cholera. After the successful containment of this outbreak, ARC was invited by the SRRA to assess health and water/sanitation conditions in the Nimule Corridor area. The basic human needs identified in Nimule are similar to those in Kajo Keji County. The difference is that Nimule has been without adequate PHC and WES services for over two years.

General security remains a concern for ARC in southern Sudan.

American Refugee Committee Proposed Activities in Sudan

ARC is seeking to amend its current OFDA grant and at the same time is submitting a proposal to BPRM to expand its activities in Sudan. ARC is submitting this amendment and new proposal for the following reasons:

1) Nimule Payam, Torit County is an identified area in need of immediate assistance, and constitutes a new area of service for ARC. ARC is requesting support for Nimule Payam for the period January 1, 2000 to December 31, 2000.

2) The Sudan Health Association (SUHA) is an indigenous NGO providing critical PHC service to an area of Kajo Keji County where ARC cannot operate due to security reasons. Strengthening local organizations and institutions is an essential component of ARC's project work. ARC is requesting support for SUHA for the period January 1, 2000 to December 31, 2000.

3) In Kajo Keji, ARC is operating under its current Grant which expires June 14, 2000. ARC is requesting support to extend the current activities for the period June 15, 2000 to December 31, 2000.

The OFDA amendment addresses the needs of approximately 122,000 internally displaced and war-affected Southern Sudanese in Kajo Keji County and approximately 54,000 internally displaced and war-affected Southern Sudanese in Nimule Payam, Torit County. The activities contemplated by the BPRM proposal will affect approximately 12,000 returnee and war-affected Southern Sudanese in Kajo Keji County and approximately 12,000 returnee and war-affected Southern Sudanese in Nimule Payam.


Sudan Office & Contact
Jumbe Sebunya
Deputy Regional Director
East Africa & Middle East
Regional Management Unit
P.O. Box 43864
Nairobi, Kenya
Tel: 254 2 713672 or 717367

US Office & Contact

Abby Maxman,
Deputy Regional Director
East Africa & Middle East Regional
Management Unit
151 Ellis Street
Atlanta, GA 30303
Tel: 404 681 2552

Introduction to CARE

CARE is one of the world's largest private international relief and development organizations. Since its founding in 1945, CARE has become a leader in sustainable development and emergency aid, reaching tens of millions of people each year in more than 60 countries in Africa, Asia, Europe and Latin America.

CARE focuses its approach at the family and community levels. CARE believes that each family should enjoy a basic level of livelihood security. This means that every family should have:


Health care

  • A place to live
  • Education
  • A safe and healthy environment, and
  • The ability to participate in decisions affecting their family, community and country.
CARE in Sudan

CARE has been operating in North Sudan since 1979, and in South Sudan since 1994. CARE's activities started with emergency relief but have evolved to include development and rehabilitation programs focusing on agricultural, environmental and primary health care activities. CARE programs in North and South Sudan serve 1.5 million beneficiaries. The estimated budget for CARE’s Sudan programs in $4.2 million in FY2000.

CARE Programs in North Sudan

Agriculture, Natural Resources Management and Food Production

The Kordofan Food for Work Project addresses the short-term food security of vulnerable people through the provision of food for work activities. The project helps communities to construct hafeers, simple earthwork excavations that collect rain and rain runoff water, while creating work opportunities and enhancing food security for t24,800 people in selected provinces of North and West Kordofan states.

The North Kordofan Food Information System provides accurate and timely early warning information in order to create more effective emergency relief responses to 300,000 vulnerable people in the rural North and West Kordofan areas. The project conducts pre-season, mid- and post-season crop assessments; monthly market surveys and produces a quarterly bulletin and other reports.

Health Care

Basic Health Assistance for War Displaced/Promotion of Mosquito Bed Nets Project aims to reduce the incidence of malaria-related death and illness among 2,500 internally displaced persons living in Mayo Village outside Sudan's capital Khartoum.

The Bara Maternal and Child Health Project aims to improve the health status of 30,000 women of reproductive age and their children under five (27,000) in the three rural councils of the Western Bara province. CARE trains local health care staff in the following: family planning; proper maternal health care; preventative education on sexually transmitted diseases including HIV/AIDS; infant and child immunization; nutrition education; and control of malaria, acute respiratory infections and diarrheal diseases.

Disaster and Emergency Relief/Refugee and Migration Services

The Khartoum Displaced Persons Project (Kht DPP) is improving the accessibility to potable water for 23,000 displaced families (138,000 people) in Al Salam and Wad Al Bashir camps in Omdurman, Khartoum State. Project activities include pumping of potable water in both camps, maintenance of an adequate water transport capacity within Al Salam camp, improvement of the water distribution systems in both camps, and the construction of two additional water yards. Project partners are the Sudanese Red Crescent and the Department of Displaced Persons.

En Nahud Displaced Persons Project aims to improve the nutritional and health status of 8,709 displaced persons in En Nahud Displaced Persons Camp in En Nahud Province, West Kordofan State. Working in close collaboration with the Ministry of Health, the project assists displaced persons by supplying water and food rations, and conducting supplementary and therapeutic feeding to children under five, pregnant and lactating mothers and the elderly.

The Sudan Emergency Projects are working to help an estimated 500,000 people who are suffering the affects of war, floods and drought. There are an estimated 70,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) in the town of Wau and 50,000 in Unity State and the situation is critical. In the north, flooding in Sudan's capital Khartoum and River Nile State has destroyed more than 20,000 homes, schools and health centers, washed out roads and bridges, and left tens of thousands of people homeless. CARE is helping through a program that combines the following: supplementary feeding program for malnourished children under five as well as pregnant and nursing women; non-food assistance to families that includes shelter materials, blankets, cooking utensils, and other essential items; water and sanitation; and seeds and tools.

CARE Programs in South Sudan

Agriculture, Natural Resources Management and Food Production

The Tambura County Seed Production and Marketing project aims to reduce the cost of humanitarian assistance and improve the efficacy of the emergency response through the promotion of internal production and marketing by local farmers and building long-term capacity for food security within southern Sudan. The project's target beneficiaries include: 10,000 farmers active in the Tambura Marketing Development Association.

Bor County Economic Development Project is restoring food security to 78,000 people living on the mainland of northern Bor County. The project helps boost agricultural production through seed and tools distribution and by reviving market mechanisms to allow for a more balanced food economy in the area.

Health Care

Tambura County Health Care Initiative is increasing the capacity of the local health authority to monitor and manage the local primary health care system. The project assists in rehabilitation of health facilities, training and monitoring of health workers, facilitation of essential drugs and medical supplies, integration of water resource development into preventive health education and upgrading of the rural road network to improve access to the health units.

Disaster and Emergency Relief/Refugee and Migration Services

Emergency Sleeping Sickness and Control Project works in partnership with the International Medical Corps, Medical Emergency Relief International, and the Center for Disease Control and Prevention to identify and treat all infected cases in Tambura and establish an effective community-managed system for control of the tsetse fly. . CARE supports community-based vector control interventions and facilitates treatment activities at its primary health care centers.

The Sudan Emergency Projects are working to help an estimated 500,000 people who are suffering the affects of war, floods and drought. There are an estimated 70,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) in the town of Wau and 50,000 in Unity State and the situation is critical. In the north, flooding in Sudan's capital Khartoum and River Nile State has destroyed more than 20,000 homes, schools and health centers, washed out roads and bridges, and left tens of thousands of people homeless. CARE is helping through a program that combines the following: supplementary feeding program for malnourished children under five as well as pregnant and nursing women; non-food assistance to families that includes shelter materials, blankets, cooking utensils, and other essential items; water and sanitation; and seeds and tools.

Due to its refusal to sign the SPLA’s Memorandum of Understanding, CARE withdrew from southern Sudan and ceased operating activities there in March 2000. Programs in the north continue. At the time this report was published, negotiations on a possible return to southern Sudan were underway between CARE and the SPLA.

Catholic Relief Services

Sudan Office & Contact

Jim O’Connor
Country Representative
P.O. Box 48932
Nairobi, Kenya
Tel: 254 2 748022/3
US Office & Contact

Gloria Peterson-Ayigah
Catholic Relief Services
209 W. Fayette St.
Baltimore, MD 20904

Introduction to Catholic Relief Services

Catholic Relief Services (CRS) was founded in 1943 by the Catholic Bishops of the United States of America to assist the poor and disadvantaged outside the country.

Catholic Relief Services in Sudan

CRS/Sudan addresses its aid programs to the most vulnerable as part of an overall international humanitarian effort against hunger and suffering. CRS works in the areas of food security, economic rehabilitation, good governance, capacity building, and education. CRS is active in the following areas of Sudan: Nimule, Labone, New Cush, Ikotos, Acholi, Rumbek, Mapourdit, Agangrial, Yei, Yambio. Kajo Keji, Chukudum, Narus, and Maridi. CRS programs reach 250,000 beneficiaries with a budget of $25,094,164. The programs are funded by USAID grants as well as private funds. CRS partners with Caritas, USAID, CCODP Canada, and the Sudan Relief and Rehabilitation Association in Sudan.

Childreach - PLAN International

Sudan Office & Contact

Mr. Zein El Mahdi
Country Director
PLAN International Sudan
House 177, Block 7
Riyad, Khartoum
Tel: 249 11 225968
Fax: 249 11 227041

US Office & Contact

Samuel A. Worthington
National Executive Director & CEO
Childreach, US member of PLAN International
155 Plan Way
Warwick, RI 02886-1099
Tel: 401 737 5770 x302
Fax: 401 739 8342

Introduction to Childreach and PLAN International

Childreach and PLAN International strive to achieve lasting improvements in the quality of life of deprived children in developing countries through a process that unites people across cultures and adds meaning and value to their lives by: enabling deprived children, their families, and their communities to meet their basic needs and to increase their ability to participate in and benefit from their societies; fostering relationships to increase understanding and unity among peoples of different cultures and countries; and promoting the rights and interests of the world's children.

Childreach and PLAN International in Sudan

Childreach and PLAN International work in the areas of food security and income development, primary health care and water and environmental sanitation, basic education, and communication and development education in Sudan. PLAN operates in Ed Duweim, Kassala, and River Atbara. The budget for PLAN’s programs is US$ 4,311,000 in FY2000.

Food Security & Income Development

PLAN works to boost agricultural production through irrigation schemes, certified seeds, technical skills, and environmental conservation in Sudan. PLAN works to create employment opportunities and increase income by training women on food preservation and processing, and providing materials to start production. PLAN also establishes grain mills and promotes fishing. The agency provides guaranteed funds to enable PLAN families to obtain credit for production. PLAN is also working to upgrade management and leadership skills for beneficiaries. The agency is also conducting studies and evaluations related to livelihood.

Primary Health Care (PHC) and Water and Environmental Sanitation (WES)

In the areas of primary health care and water and environmental sanitation, PLAN works to ensure that families have access to effective and efficient PHC systems. PLAN accomplishes this by providing information education and communication (IEC) on health related issues, training community volunteers and health cadre, establishing health facilities where necessary, and controlling diseases, etc. The agency also works to ensure accessibility to safe drinking water and the use of basic sanitary facilities.

Basic Education

PLAN works to ensure that primary school aged children (including girl children) in PLAN communities are attending primary school, and that PLAN sponsored children and their siblings successfully complete primary school. The agency provides construction and equipment for schools and works on raising parents’ awareness of the importance of education (particularly for girls) and of the Coonvention on the Rights of the Child. PLAN also promotes recreational activities and encourages self-supportive schools. In addition, the agency supports adult education and the eradication of illiteracy.

Communication and Development Education

PLAN provides volunteer training on project implementation and sponsorship communications, awareness of PLAN program domains, and orientation on the Rights of the Child.

Church World Service

US Office & Contact

Donna Derr
Church World Service Emergency Response Office
110 Maryland Avenue, NE
Washington, DC 20002
Tel: 202 544 2350 ext. 26

Church World Service in Sudan

Church World Service’s mission is to provide timely, effective and compassionate response to the physical, psychological and spiritual needs of persons and communities who experience natural and human caused disaster. Church World Service is providing humanitarian relief in Sudan in the sectors of food and health care. Church World Service is active in Southern Sudan, with programs totaling US$ 250,000 per year. Church World Service’s programs are funded by the member denominations, and the agency works in cooperation with Action by Churches Together (ACT).

Concern Worldwide

Sudan Office & Contact

Anne O’Mahony
Concern Worldwide
Muhuda Green 246, off Brookside Grove,
Wayaka Way, Westlands, Nairobi, Kenya
Tel: 856 443990 or 445787 or 446434
Fax: 856 443653

US Office & Contact

Rob Williams
International Development Manager
Concern Worldwide US Inc
104 East 40th Street, Room 903
New York, NY 10016
Tel: 212 557 8000
Fax: 212 557 8004

Introduction to Concern Worldwide

Concern Worldwide is a non-denominational voluntary organization devoted to the relief, assistance and advancement of people in need in less developed countries of the world. Concern Wordwide’s emergency and long term programs are financed and operated in partnership with local bodies, international agencies and national governments. These programs are financed by public donations and co-funding. Concern Worldwide aims to concentrate on the poorest in its countries of operation and seeks to engage the people of both donor and recipient countries more fully in the practical struggle against poverty and injustice in the world.

Concern Worldwide in Sudan

After a four year absence, Concern Worldwide re-engaged in Sudan in May 1998 and developed a program based in Aweil West, Gogrial, Yirol and Yei counties, and the Nuba mountain region. From the inception of the program the agency’s aim has been to respond to the emergency humanitarian needs while not jeopardizing the complex survival strategies of the local population or the longer term aims of addressing vulnerability and strengthening community capacity in Sudan

Concern Worldwide works in the sectors of agriculture and food production, disaster and emergency relief, local agency capacity building, and strengthening livelihood strategies. The agency’s budget for Sudan is $1.2 million in 2000.

Concern Worldwide works independently of, but alongside, Operation Lifeline Sudan, and also in cooperation with the Nuba Mountains interagency working group and the Sudan Relief and Rehabilitation Association. In Yirol the agency has a cooperative effort with Bahr el Ghazal Youth Development Association and in Nuba with the Nuba Relief and Rehabilitation Development Society.

Concern Worldwide finds that security is a significant factor impacting effecting engagement in Sudan.

International Rescue Committee

Sudan Office & Contact

Robert Warwick
Country Director
International Rescue Committee
Street 5, Amarat,
Khartoum, Sudan
Tel & Fax: 249 11 460 367

US Office & Contact

Randolph Martin
International Rescue Committee
Overseas Programs
122 East 42nd Street
New York, NY 10168
Tel: 212 551 3000
Fax: 212 551 3185

Introduction to International Rescue Committee

Founded in 1933, the International Rescue Committee (IRC) is the leading non-sectarian, voluntary organization providing relief, protection and resettlement services for refugees and victims of oppression or violent conflicts. IRC is committed to freedom, human dignity and self-reliance. This commitment is reflected in well-planned resettlement assistance, global emergency relief, rehabilitation and advocacy for refugees International Rescue Committee in Sudan. The International Rescue Committee has been operating in Sudan since 1981. IRC serves the Sudanese population through two of its offices: IRC Khartoum and IRC Nairobi.

IRC Khartoum

The general objectives for the Sudan Program for FY 2000 address the needs of the IDPs by:

  • Building sustainability through capacity building programs;
  • Empowering women through women in development programs;
  • Improving the health situation through the reproductive health programs, public health programs, clinical health programs, and health education;
  • Improving sanitation/public health conditions through sanitation and public health programs; and
  • Water, shelter, disaster preparedness programs.
The Khartoum office is active in the regions of Khartoum, Omdurman, Malakal, Wau, and Kassala. The agency estimates the number of direct beneficiaries at 160,000 and indirect beneficiaries at 310,000. The IRC Khartoum budget for FY 2000 is $2 million, and it is funded by IRC, ECHO, SV, the Dutch Government, OFDA, CARE, Irish Aid, the British Embassy, and the Packard Foundation. IRC Khartoum works in cooperation with WFP, CARE, GOAL, Oxfam, SCF (UK), UNICEF, and UNHCR.

IRC Nairobi

The International Rescue Committee Nairobi office works:

  • To improve social and health services in the Kakuma refugee camp in Kenya , a camp created to bring relief to 86,000 refugees, mostly Southern Sudanese;
  • To improve the health situation through IRC Southern Sudan’s health programs; and
  • To train community health workers through health education component of health programs for the war affected populations of Bahr el Ghazal and Upper Nile Regions of Southern Sudan.
IRC Nairobi is active in the Upper Nile Region, the Jonglei Region, the Kakuma Refugee Camp in Kenya, and the Bahr El Ghazal Region. There are 245,000 beneficiaries from these programs in Southern Sudan and 86,000 in the Kakuma Camp in Kenya. IRC Nairobi’s budget for FY 2000 is $3 million, and it is funded by IRC, SV, BPRM, OFDA, the Mellon Foundation, and the Compton Foundation. IRC nairobi works with cooperation with the United Nations and Operation Lifeline Sudan.

Some of IRC’s special concerns in Sudan are: security, relatively frequent lack of physical access to the area of responsibility, prohibition of communication equipment use, political implications, the complexity of the whole situation, relationships with the Government of Sudan and the local faction groups, and the frequent shifts of focus and power.

Lutheran World Relief

Sudan Office & Contact

Mr. David Isoe
Lutheran World Federation
Department of World Service
P.O. Box 40870, Gitanga Road
Nairobi, Kenya
Tel: 254 2 577 777 or 573 047
Fax: 254 2 574 577

US Office & Contact

Hugh Ivory
Program Manager
Lutheran World Relief
700 Light Street
Baltimore MD 21230
Phone: 410 230 2820
Fax: 410 230 2882

Introduction to Lutheran World Relief

Lutheran World Relief (LWR) works in partnership with 95 international and local non-governmental organizations of 250 projects in 51 countries, to respond to emergencies and to promote sustainable development. Founded by U.S. Lutherans in 1945 to assist European refugees after World War II, LWR today works to build the local capacity of its partners to deliver goods and services in line with its mission to (a) alleviate suffering caused by natural disaster, conflict or poverty, (b) enable marginalized people to meet basic needs and improve their lives, and (c) promote a peaceful, just, and sustainable global community. LWR and its partners give assistance regardless of gender, race, ethnicity, religion, or political affiliation.

Lutheran World Relief in Sudan

Lutheran World Relief provides funds for implementing partner Lutheran World Federation (LWR/LWF) from a Food for Peace grant to LWR to distribute food in Rumbeck and Yirol Counties in southern Sudan. The purpose of the project was to provide 11,070 mts of sorghum, lentils and oil to a target population of 115,000 people over a nine-month period. The project was later extended from October 1, 1999-January 31, 2000 and the target population was increased to 136,139 people. The estimated cost of the project is $12,533,600.

LWR anticipates a follow-on program, still concentrating on meeting food deficits in the program areas, but through food for work, institutional feeding, and food for seeds for selected IDPs and other vulnerable people.

LWR works in cooperation with WFP, the Lutheran World Federation/Department of World Service (LWF/DWS) Catholic Relief Services, and Norwegian People’s Aid.

MAP International

Sudan Office & Contacts

Argwings Kodhek and Chaka Roads
MAP East and Southern Africa
3rd Floor, Studio House
P.O. Box 21663
Nairobi, Kenya
Tel: 011 254 2 569513

US Office & Contact

John Garvin
Director, Relief and Agency Services
MAP International
2200 Glynco Parkway
Brunswick, GA 31525
Tel: 912 280 6666

Introduction to MAP International

  • MAP International’s mission is to promote the total health of people living in the world’s poorest communities by partnering in the:
  • Provision of Essential Medicines;
  • Prevention and Eradication of Disease; and
  • Promotion of Community Health Development.
MAP International in Sudan

MAP International’s goal in Sudan is to protect the health and safeguard the survival of the people of southern Sudan through the support of health programs of Christian partner agencies working on the ground. This support is generally manifested through the procurement, processing, and shipping of medicines and medical supplies.

MAP International is working in the Voice of the Martyrs Hospital in Nimule, Southern Sudan as well as AIC medical relief clinics in refugee camps in Southern Sudan and mobile clinics through its base in Kakuma, Kenya. Beginning this fall, MAP plans to work with the Pochalla Referral Health Center, part of the World Relief southern Sudan program. Pochalla County borders Ethiopia to the east and is part of the Jonglei region, sandwiched between the Akobo river and the Oboth river.

MAP has provided $310,000 (wholesale value) in medicines and medical supplies to Partners International since July 1999. MAP provided $782,000 (wholesale value) in medicines and medical supplies to Voice of the Martyrs in 1999. Program costs are borne jointly by MAP and its partner agencies. In addition to Partners International and Voice of the Martyrs, MAP International works in cooperation with World Relief, Norwegian People’s Aid, and the Episcopal Church.

Save the Children

Sudan Office & Contact

Raj Narula
Field Office Director
PO Box 3896
Khartoum, Sudan
Tel: 249 11 471234 or 460193
Fax: 249 11 471058

US Office & Contact

Thomas McCormack
Desk Officer for Africa
54 Wilton Road
Westport, CT 60881
Tel: 203 221 3717
Fax: 203 221 3799

Introduction to Save the Children

Save the Children’s mission is to create lasting positive change in the lives of disadvantaged children.

Save the Children in Sudan

The mission strategy of Sudan Field Office for the period 1999-2001 is to address the emergency relief needs of target communities " developmentally" in order to make positive and lasting change in the lives of disadvantaged women and children. This means enhancing local capacities to augment the coping mechanisms of the internally displaced and other war-affected populations as well as having measurable impact. Save the Children works with the government of Sudan and the target beneficiaries to address the problems encountered by families and particularly children with objectives of creating a healthier and more productive life.

The Sudan field office maintains program operations in Kordofan region, specifically in Um Ruwaba Province of North Kordofan State, and in all the five provinces of South Kordofan State. The program focus is in the areas of humanitarian response, health, population, nutrition, and education. The program operations are mainly funded by USAID/OFDA and Save the Children private funds. A limited number of locally raised small funds also support some of the program activities, e.g. British Embassy funds, UNICEF grants, and WFP food assistance. Given below is a summary of programs for the period of October 1998 to September 1999 by location.

Programs in South Kordofan State

Sudan field office activities in south Kordofan involve humanitarian response, health, and education program areas. The activities are funded mainly by OFDA and augmented by SC/US, WFP and UNICEF support. One project is supported by British embassy. The target beneficiaries are the IDPs and war affected population. Specific projects are as follows:

Emergency Response and Capacity Enhancement Project

The project is funded by USAID/OFDA in a yearly funding cycle. The specific interventions include:

  • nutritional activities through management of general food aid distribution, and supplementary feeding of the malnourished;
  • food security capacity enhancement through seeds/tools/goats procurement and distribution;
  • support to water supply improvement through rehabilitation of existing water hand pumps; and
  • improvement of EPI coverage for children less than one and pregnant women through logistical support to immunization campaigns.
The specific geographical locations involve 53 IDPs villages/sites, distributed throughout the five provinces of South Kordofan State, identified to be the most vulnerable. This project also covers Sidra displaced camp in Um Ruwaba Province, North Kordofan State. The EPI operation is extended to all these identified sites to cover all children less than one and pregnant women in the entire South Kordofan State. The total number of beneficiaries is approximately 154,000 individuals.

Emergency Food Distribution in South Kordofan and Sidra Cam

The project is funded by WFP and mainly provides food commodities for distribution in the SC program areas. It also includes funds as fees for service for internal transport and storage and handling (ITSH) and portion of food management cost. This year, a total of 1,843 MT was allocated and fully distributed. Target locations covered are as reported above under OFDA funding. Number of beneficiaries reached is 51,290.

Essential Drugs/ Supplementary Feeding/ Provision of Material and Supplies

This program is funded by UNICEF mainly through in kind contribution to SC/US of essential drugs and foodstuff for supplementary feeding. Monthly rations of essential drugs are provided to 18 clinics (6 in Dilling, 10 in Rashad, one in Kadugli and Sidra camp). An amount of 12 MT of UNIMIX, a high protein enriched formula, was also provided and used in 3 centers (Sidra, Kujuria, and Murta camp in Kadugli town). On a very limited scale, 116 kgs of therapeutic milk were provided in one center in Kadugli in response to severe cases of malnutrition.

Sudan Emergency Appeal Project

The Sudan appeal funds are allocated to meet the very urgent immediate emergency needs of the newly arrived internally displaced population of the Nuba Mountains. The emergency assistance is provided in the form of emergency kits that include essential clothing, household utensils, blankets, and shelter material.

Women Literacy and Household Food Security Project, Talodi Displaced Camp

This is a pilot project of a community based adult literacy program using REFLECT methodology. The program is funded by the British Embassy in Khartoum from their small embassy funds. Since the project’s inception in October 1998, 130 women have enrolled in the literacy sessions

Program Activities in Um Ruwaba Province, North Kordofan State

The activities in Um Ruwaba province are focused on education and humanitarian response program areas. Funds allocated are mainly sponsorship funds as well as limited locally raised funds. An update on specific projects is as follows.

Community Sponsorship Project

The main focus of this project is basic education activities. The package includes school construction/rehabilitation; provision of school furniture; provision of schools supplies; support for teacher training; and support for extra curricular activities in 30 target village sites. This year, 21 classrooms were constructed, 5 classrooms were rehabilitated, and support provided for training of 328 teachers, orientation training on CRC/Gender issues imparted to 120 teachers

Beside the education activities, the community sponsorship project supports water supply activities through digging reservoirs for rainwater harvesting under Food for Work schemes supported by WFP. This year in 3 sites, a total of 20,000 cubic meter of capacity was completed just before the start of the rainy season

Emergency Food Distribution for Flood Victims

During 1998 rainy season, 14 villages along the Abu Habil seasonal river crossing the southern parts of Um Ruwaba province were affected by the river flooding leaving 4, 950 people vulnerable and in need of emergency food. In collaboration with WFP and with their donation of 165 MT of food, the affected population was reached through general food distribution conducted in May - June 1999.

Food For Work Project in Support of Water Supply in the Drought Affected Areas

In partnership with WFP and the Ministry of International Cooperation and Investment, 581 MT of food commodities were allocated for construction of three hafiirs (water reservoirs) in Um Ruwaba. Due to the late start of the food dispatch to Save the Children/US, only 188 MT were utilized to accomplish the 20,000 cubic meter of water storage capacities of reservoirs as reported above.

Sidra Goat Re-Stocking Project

With funding from UNICEF, the experience of South Kordofan goats restocking project is replicated in Sidra camp. To date 129 women-headed families have received 5 goats each. All necessary arrangements are in place and monitoring continues.

Save the Children is cooperating mainly with USAID and other international agencies such as WFP and UNICEF. There is continuous dialogue with OLS North and United Nation’s Humanitarian Coordination Unit (UNHCU). INGO Forum is very active and maintains a constant contact with the donor and UN agencies. Most INGO’s working in North are covered under the UN Security Protocol and a Security Annex is signed with the UN. Sudan field office maintains good working relationship with the Sudan government at all levels, i.e., at Khartoum and at the field level. This has a positive impact on program operations being smooth and without any undue interruptions.

Save the Children in Sudan has several concerns.

1. In South Kordofan State, SC’s impact area is a war zone and the safety of its field staff is the major concern. The security situation is continuously monitored and required precautionary measures are taken as and when required.

2. Children’s greatest unmet needs are in the areas of health and education. Save the Children would like to see more interest from donors in emergency education programs for children.

3. The continuous civil strife is a matter of continuous concern. Save the Children feels that all types of peace initiatives and reconciliatory efforts should be encouraged.


UNHCR Sudan Offices

Main Office in Khartoum
Other Offices in Esh-Showak and Port Sudan

US Office & Contact

Jeffrey Meer
Executive Director
1775 K Street, NW, Suite 290
Washington, DC 20006
Tel: 202 296 1115
Fax: 202 296 1081

Introduction to USA for UNHCR and UNHCR

The United States Association for UNHCR (USA for UNHCR) was created to assist the heroic efforts of those who help the world’s refugees. Its mission is to build support in the United States for UNHCR through education and advocacy on behalf of those who are forced into flight for their lives or liberty. UNHCR's mission is to lead and coordinate international action for the protection of refugees and the resolution of refugee problems.

UNHCR in Sudan

UNHCR's overall objectives in Sudan are to promote voluntary repatriation for Eritrean, Ethiopian, Chadian, Congolese and other refugees settled in camps and urban areas. UNHCR is providing international protection and life-sustaining services pending lasting solutions for camp-based and urban refugees and asylum seekers. UNHCR is planning for the gradual phase-out of assistance and hand-over to relevant government authorities, and is selectively undertaking rehabilition activities in areas with large refugee populations. UNHCR is working in the following sectors in Sudan: protection, monitoring and coordination, community services, domestic needs and household support, education, forestry, health and nutrition, income generation, legal assistance, livestock, sanitation, shelter and infrastructure, transport/logistics, and water (non-agricultural).

UNHCR operates in all refugee camps in Sudan, as well as in certain local communities in Khartoum, Kassala, Gedaref and Port Sudan. UNHCR serves approximately 400,000 refugees in Sudan, including approximately 150,000 from Eritrea, 12,000 from Ethiopia, and 232,000 "urban refugees." Smaller numbers of refugees from Chad, Congo and elsewhere are also present. The full requirement for UNHCR's Sudan program is $10.8 million. UNHCR derives virtually of its funding for Sudan operations from member governments.

In Sudan, UNHCR works with government agencies, including the Commissioner for Refugees and the National Forestry Corporation. UNHCR works with NGO partners such as Action Contre la Faim, Benevolence International Organization, Global Health Foundation, Human Appeal International, Islamic Relief African Agency, Ockenden Venture, Sudan Aid and Sudanese Red Crescent. In addition, UNHCR works with other international organizations including WFP and UNICEF.

Although many of the refugees were born and raised in Sudan, and have therefore assimilated to the local urban or camp communities, the Government of Sudan does not accept local integration as a lasting solution. Local integration is further impeded by the lack of legislative provisions by which citizenship could be conferred on long-staying refugees. The continued reluctance of the authorities to involve competent technical departments or ministries in refugee activities limits the prospects of a smooth transition when UNHCR carries out its plans to wind down the programme. In addition, diplomatic tensions between Sudan and Eritrea, as well as delays by the Government of Eritrea in promoting the return of its nationals, hamper the repatriation of refugees willing to return.

US Fund for UNICEF

Sudan Office & Contact

Mr. Thomas Ekvall
Representative UNICEF
P.O. Box 1358
Khartoum, Sudan
Tel: 249 11 471 835

US Office

Public Information Office
U.S. Fund for UNICEF
333 East 38th Street
New York, NY 10016
Tel: 212 686 5522

Introduction to US Fund for UNICEF

The U.S. Fund for UNICEF works for the survival, protection, and development of children worldwide through education, advocacy, and fund raising.

UNICEF in Sudan

Sudan is UNICEF's largest emergency program. As part Operation Lifeline Sudan, UNICEF has requested over $38 million for 2000. Programs include food security, primary health care and immunization, nutrition, water and sanitation, basic education, child protection and human rights promotion, and landmine awareness activities.

Food Security and Nutrition

UNICEF works to benefit over 2 million people through the provision of UNIMIX (a special mixture of maize, beans, sugar, and oil that helps children recover from severe malnutrition); micronutrients (vitamin A, iodine, and iron supplements); seeds and agricultural tools; and fishing supplies (fishing line and hooks).


UNICEF provides immunizations for measles, meningitis, polio, tetanus, and tuberculosis (TB); essential drugs; oral rehydration salts to combat diarrheal dehydration; medicines to treat malaria and acute respiratory infections; and support and training for health care workers. The agency also works to ensure that more National Immunization Days (NIDS) are held in areas where routine immunization is low. UNICEF promotes HIV/AIDS prevention and training.

Emergency Preparedness and Response

UNICEF supplies blankets, soap, plastic sheeting for protection from rain and sun, cooking utensils, and emergency shelter to 10,000 affected households.

Water and Sanitation

UNICEF works to fight deadly water-borne diseases, including diarrhea and guinea worm. UNICEF is providing water supply materials and equipment to benefit more than 1.6 million people as well as promoting hygiene education to prevent disease outbreaks. UNICEF has provided over 80,000 water filters, 250 bicycles for transportation of supplies between villages, over 317 medical kits, and drilled and installed 204 handpumps.


UNICEF works to increase school enrollment by providing basic education kits and Teacher Training Emergency Packages to benefit 300,000 children; promote girls' education and training for 8,000 teachers.

Children in Especially Difficult Circumstances

UNICEF works to reunify unaccompanied children with their families; including tracing and retrieval of 1,500 children abducted in western Sudan, prevent further abductions, identify and trace over 2,000 child soldiers, reunite them with family members, and provide trauma counseling.

Human Rights Promotion

UNICEF is working to stop the practice of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) in Sudan by training women and community leaders about the health and reproductive dangers and the violations to girls' rights. Other human rights activities include the establishment of 50 local structures for raising community awareness about human rights, media campaigns (newspapers, pamphlets, radio); and promoting group interactions to discuss human rights such as conferences and informal gatherings of communities.


UNICEF is providing training workshops and seminars on landmine awareness to over 500,000 people in areas known to have landmines. These activities will take place in schools and community centers, reaching people as they relocate throughout the country as well.

UNICEF works with the Sudanese Ministries of Health and Education, the Government of Sudan, WFP, FAO, UNHCR, Radda Barnen, various other international organizations, and local NGO’s including women’s and church groups, and development agencies to provide these services.

World Relief

Sudan Office & Contacts

John Scicchitano, Program Coordinator
Rosemary Khamati, Support Services
P.O. Box 66168
Nairobi, Kenya
Tel and Fax: 02 449318

US Office

World Relief Corp.
P.O. Box WRC
Wheaton, IL 60189
Tel: 630 665 0235
Fax: 630 665 4473
General email:

Introduction to World Relief

World Relief is the disaster relief, refugee assistance, and community development arm of the National Association of Evangelicals. The mission of World Relief is to work with the church in alleviating human suffering in the name of Christ.

World Relief in Sudan

In the communities of Pochalla and Lietnhom, World Relief works to ensure that people have access to food. In addition to meeting these basic needs, agricultural programs have been implemented along with fishing cooperatives. Veterinarians work with the Sudanese on the best ways to care for their livestock. A basic community referral center is nearing completion in Pochalla to provide secondary health care. A primary health care unit has been established in Lietnhom. World Relief also works with the community to build schools using local materials, encourage education for children and obtain school supplies.

World Relief works in partnership with the New Sudan Council of Churches and it supports the programs of the Association of Christian Relief Organizations in Southern Sudan (ACROSS).

World Vision

Sudan Office & Contact

Philippe Guiton
Country Director
PO Box 56527
Nairobi, Kenya
Tel: 254 2 441777
Fax: 254 2 441819

US Office & Contact

Charles Owubah
220 I Street, NE, Suite 270
Washington, DC 20002
Tel: 202 608 1886
World Vision Office
34834 Weyerhaeuser Way South
Federal Way, WA 98001

Introduction to World Vision

World Vision’s core purpose is to call people to a life-changing commitment to serve the poor in the name of Christ.

World Vision in Sudan

World Vision’s goal in Sudan is to promote and build self-reliance for southern Sudanese. World Vision’s programs are currently concentrated in southern Sudan. Specifically, World Vision runs multi-sectoral programs in Tonj and Gogrial counties of Bahr-el-Ghazal, and Yambio county in Western Equatoria, southern Sudan. The programs include agriculture and food production, emergency relief, primary health care, water and sanitation, local capacity for peace, and micro-enterprise development.

Agriculture and Food Production

Through its southern Sudan Agricultural Recovery Program, World Vision (WV) distributes seeds and tools to the poor and needy in Tonj, Gogrial, and Yambio counties to boost agricultural production. Specific activities under this program include testing and multiplication of improved crop varieties. WV plans to distribute about 64 MT of seeds and 40,700 pieces of agricultural tools to 5,500 targeted households in Tonj and Gogrial counties in FY 2000. In addition to provision of seeds and tools, WV is also engaged in the transfer of appropriate agricultural technologies through farmer field days and demonstration plots.

To improve the quality of life in relatively food secure areas of southern Sudan, WV has a Local Grain Purchase program involving the purchase of grain from local markets in Yambio for distribution to Tonj and Gogrial counties.

Emergency Relief

General food distributions:

World Vision has direct food distributions to the poor and needy as well as to internally displaced people in Tonj and Gogrial counties. During FY 99, WV distributed 11,000 MT of food to about 128,000 beneficiaries in the two counties. In FY 2000, about 6,000 MT of food will be distributed to about 200,400 beneficiaries.

Therapeutic and supplementary feeding programs:

To reduce severe global acute malnutrition rate in southern Sudan particularly in Tonj county, WV has been involved in therapeutic and supplementary feeding programs. In 1998, World Vision assisted more than 8,000 people mostly children through the feeding program.

Family survival kits:

WV continues to provide non-food relief items such as cooking utensils fishing line, and plastic sheeting to displaced and vulnerable families in southern Sudan. In FY 1999, WV distributed 13, 339 family survival kits to 88,734 beneficiaries.

Primary Health Care

In Tonj county, WV is involved in selected primary health care initiatives for over 100,000 beneficiaries. These include immunization of children and women, construction and support of rural clinics that provide essential curative and preventive services, training of health staff and traditional birth attendants, nutrition monitoring, and prevention and case management of guinea worm. In all, WV has helped to establish 14 health clinics, which in large measure have increased accessibility to health services, reduced morbidity and mortality from immunizable diseases due to increased expanded program in immunization, and have trained 30 traditional birth attendants for pre, peri and post-natal check-ups.

WV has 40 operational primary health care facilities in Yambio and runs health care services similar to that of Tonj. In addition, it has one maternal-child health care (MCH) center and a training school for MCH workers in Yambio. Since 1995, this school has graduated 70 MCH workers.

In Gogrial county, WV provides MCH services to the people of Luanyaker. It has also increased its primary health care centers/units from 5 in 1997 to 10 in 1999.

Water and Sanitation

World Vision’s activities in this sector focus on construction of hand-dug and hand-drilled wells, pit-latrines, and rehabilitation of existing boreholes. These activities are spread throughout Tonj, Gogrial and Yambio counties. The table below summarizes activities that took place in Tonj and Gogrial counties in FY 1999.

Hand-drilled boreholes
Hand-dug wells
Rehabilitated boreholes
Pump repairs
VIP latrines
Sand filters
UV filters
Rooftop catchment

Local Capacity for Peace Initiative

Since February 1998, World Vision has embarked on a local capacity for peace initiative (LCP) to ensure that its projects do no harm to the people it is serving in southern Sudan. All World Vision program staff and about 60% of its field staff have been introduced to the LCP methodology and are implementing them in their various programs.

Microenterprise Development

World Vision continues to support micro-enterprise development in Yambio and Tonj counties. Enterprises supported include soap making, oil presses and grinding mills, tailoring, and bicycle repair shops.

The total budget for all programs in southern Sudan in FY 1999 amounted to $23,399,890. In addition to funding from World Vision United States, funding has also been provided by other World Vision support offices including WV//UK, WV/Germany, WV/Canada, WV/Taiwan, WV/Netherlands, WV/Malaysia, and WV/Japan. Major donors of the programs in southern Sudan include USAID, CIDA, AUSAID, DFID, WFP, UNICEF, EU, New Zealand, and Carter Center.

Due to its refusal to sign the SPLA’s Memorandum of Understanding, World Vision withdrew from Sudan and ceased operating activities there in March 2000.